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- PDB-6r93: Cryo-EM structure of NCP-6-4PP -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 6r93
TitleCryo-EM structure of NCP-6-4PP
Components
  • (Human alpha-satellite DNA (145- ...) x 2
  • Histone H2A type 1-B/E
  • Histone H2B type 1-J
  • Histone H3.1Histone H3
  • Histone H4
KeywordsDNA / DNA damage / Nucleosome / 6-4 photoproduct
Function / homology
Function and homology information


negative regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation / Packaging Of Telomere Ends / depurination / positive regulation of histone exchange / CENP-A containing chromatin assembly / negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway / Chromatin modifying enzymes / Cleavage of the damaged purine / Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected purine / Deposition of new CENPA-containing nucleosomes at the centromere ...negative regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation / Packaging Of Telomere Ends / depurination / positive regulation of histone exchange / CENP-A containing chromatin assembly / negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway / Chromatin modifying enzymes / Cleavage of the damaged purine / Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected purine / Deposition of new CENPA-containing nucleosomes at the centromere / negative regulation of DNA recombination at telomere / DNA replication-independent chromatin assembly / telomere capping / Inhibition of DNA recombination at telomere / Cleavage of the damaged pyrimidine / Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected pyrimidine / interleukin-7-mediated signaling pathway / Meiotic synapsis / heterochromatin assembly => GO:0031507 / telomere organization / RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening / SUMOylation of chromatin organization proteins / Interleukin-7 signaling / DNA replication-dependent chromatin assembly / DNA methylation / HCMV Late Events / innate immune response in mucosa / SIRT1 negatively regulates rRNA expression / rDNA heterochromatin assembly / ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression / Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes / PRC2 methylates histones and DNA / negative regulation of gene expression, epigenetic / regulation of gene silencing / RNA Polymerase I Promoter Escape / mitotic chromosome condensation / regulation of gene silencing by miRNA / HDACs deacetylate histones / nuclear chromosome / Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ) / Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs / NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression / Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex / RUNX1 regulates genes involved in megakaryocyte differentiation and platelet function / regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation / B-WICH complex positively regulates rRNA expression / DNA-templated transcription, initiation / Metalloprotease DUBs / Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3 / nucleosome assembly / DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence / G2/M DNA damage checkpoint / RMTs methylate histone arginines / lipopolysaccharide binding / HCMV Early Events / regulation of androgen receptor signaling pathway / Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation / HDMs demethylate histones / PKMTs methylate histone lysines / Meiotic recombination / nucleosome / Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis / UCH proteinases / Transcriptional regulation of granulopoiesis / E3 ubiquitin ligases ubiquitinate target proteins / RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs / Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks / double-strand break repair / double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining / chromatin organization / Processing of DNA double-strand break ends / Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production / HATs acetylate histones / Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP) / chromosome, telomeric region / viral life cycle / killing of cells of other organism / Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence / antibacterial humoral response / Estrogen-dependent gene expression / antimicrobial humoral immune response mediated by antimicrobial peptide / Ub-specific processing proteases / blood coagulation / protein ubiquitination / cadherin binding / defense response to Gram-negative bacterium / defense response to Gram-positive bacterium / protein heterodimerization activity / Amyloid fiber formation / negative regulation of cell population proliferation / amyloid fibril formation / protein domain specific binding / protein-containing complex / RNA binding / DNA binding / extracellular space / extracellular exosome / membrane / extracellular region / nucleoplasm
Similarity search - Function
Histone, subunit A / Histone, subunit A / Histone H2B signature. / Histone H2B / Histone H2B / Histone H2A conserved site / Histone H2A signature. / C-terminus of histone H2A / Histone H2A, C-terminal domain / Histone 2A ...Histone, subunit A / Histone, subunit A / Histone H2B signature. / Histone H2B / Histone H2B / Histone H2A conserved site / Histone H2A signature. / C-terminus of histone H2A / Histone H2A, C-terminal domain / Histone 2A / Histone H2A / Histone H4 signature. / Histone H4, conserved site / Histone H4 / Histone H4 / CENP-T/Histone H4, histone fold / Centromere kinetochore component CENP-T histone fold / TATA box binding protein associated factor / TATA box binding protein associated factor (TAF) / Histone H3 signature 1. / Histone H3 signature 2. / Histone H3 / Histone H3/CENP-A / Histone H2A/H2B/H3 / Core histone H2A/H2B/H3/H4 / Histone-fold / Orthogonal Bundle / Mainly Alpha
Similarity search - Domain/homology
DNA (> 100) / DNA (> 10) / DNA / Histone H2A type 1-B/E / Histone H2B type 1-J / Histone H4 / Histone H3.1
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 4 Å
AuthorsMatsumoto, S. / Cavadini, S. / Bunker, R.D. / Thoma, N.H.
Funding support Switzerland, Japan, 7items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Swiss National Science FoundationCRSII3_160734/1 Switzerland
European Union666068
European Commission667951
European Commission705354
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJP18H05534 Japan
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJP16H06307 Japan
Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED)JP18am0101076 Japan
CitationJournal: Nature / Year: 2019
Title: DNA damage detection in nucleosomes involves DNA register shifting.
Authors: Syota Matsumoto / Simone Cavadini / Richard D Bunker / Ralph S Grand / Alessandro Potenza / Julius Rabl / Junpei Yamamoto / Andreas D Schenk / Dirk Schübeler / Shigenori Iwai / Kaoru ...Authors: Syota Matsumoto / Simone Cavadini / Richard D Bunker / Ralph S Grand / Alessandro Potenza / Julius Rabl / Junpei Yamamoto / Andreas D Schenk / Dirk Schübeler / Shigenori Iwai / Kaoru Sugasawa / Hitoshi Kurumizaka / Nicolas H Thomä /
Abstract: Access to DNA packaged in nucleosomes is critical for gene regulation, DNA replication and DNA repair. In humans, the UV-damaged DNA-binding protein (UV-DDB) complex detects UV-light-induced ...Access to DNA packaged in nucleosomes is critical for gene regulation, DNA replication and DNA repair. In humans, the UV-damaged DNA-binding protein (UV-DDB) complex detects UV-light-induced pyrimidine dimers throughout the genome; however, it remains unknown how these lesions are recognized in chromatin, in which nucleosomes restrict access to DNA. Here we report cryo-electron microscopy structures of UV-DDB bound to nucleosomes bearing a 6-4 pyrimidine-pyrimidone dimer or a DNA-damage mimic in various positions. We find that UV-DDB binds UV-damaged nucleosomes at lesions located in the solvent-facing minor groove without affecting the overall nucleosome architecture. In the case of buried lesions that face the histone core, UV-DDB changes the predominant translational register of the nucleosome and selectively binds the lesion in an accessible, exposed position. Our findings explain how UV-DDB detects occluded lesions in strongly positioned nucleosomes, and identify slide-assisted site exposure as a mechanism by which high-affinity DNA-binding proteins can access otherwise occluded sites in nucleosomal DNA.
History
DepositionApr 2, 2019Deposition site: PDBE / Processing site: PDBE
Revision 1.0Jun 12, 2019Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Jul 17, 2019Group: Author supporting evidence / Data collection / Database references
Category: citation / em_image_scans / em_single_particle_entity
Item: _citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first / _citation.page_last
Revision 1.2Nov 6, 2019Group: Data collection / Refinement description / Category: em_3d_fitting / Item: _em_3d_fitting.target_criteria
Revision 1.3Dec 18, 2019Group: Other / Category: atom_sites
Item: _atom_sites.fract_transf_matrix[1][1] / _atom_sites.fract_transf_matrix[2][2] / _atom_sites.fract_transf_matrix[3][3]

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Structure visualization

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  • Deposited structure unit
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  • EMDB-4767
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Structure viewerMolecule:
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Assembly

Deposited unit
I: Human alpha-satellite DNA (145-MER)
J: Human alpha-satellite DNA (145-MER) with a 6-4PP at positions 95-96
A: Histone H3.1
B: Histone H4
C: Histone H2A type 1-B/E
D: Histone H2B type 1-J
E: Histone H3.1
F: Histone H4
G: Histone H2A type 1-B/E
H: Histone H2B type 1-J


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)201,92710
Polymers201,92710
Non-polymers00
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author&software
  • Evidence: microscopy
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area57670 Å2
ΔGint-373 kcal/mol
Surface area74160 Å2
MethodPISA

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Components

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Human alpha-satellite DNA (145- ... , 2 types, 2 molecules IJ

#1: DNA chain Human alpha-satellite DNA (145-MER)


Mass: 44765.664 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Source: (synth.) Homo sapiens (human)
#2: DNA chain Human alpha-satellite DNA (145-MER) with a 6-4PP at positions 95-96


Mass: 45038.852 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: obtained synthetically
Details: 145 bp human alpha-satellite with a 6-4 pyrimidine-pyrimidone (6-4PP) at base positions 95-96.
Source: (synth.) Homo sapiens (human)

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Protein , 4 types, 8 molecules AEBFCGDH

#3: Protein Histone H3.1 / Histone H3 / Histone H3/a / Histone H3/b / Histone H3/c / Histone H3/d / Histone H3/f / Histone H3/h / Histone ...Histone H3/a / Histone H3/b / Histone H3/c / Histone H3/d / Histone H3/f / Histone H3/h / Histone H3/i / Histone H3/j / Histone H3/k / Histone H3/l


Mass: 15719.445 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human)
Gene: HIST1H3A, H3FA, HIST1H3B, H3FL, HIST1H3C, H3FC, HIST1H3D, H3FB, HIST1H3E, H3FD, HIST1H3F, H3FI, HIST1H3G, H3FH, HIST1H3H, H3FK, HIST1H3I, H3FF, HIST1H3J, H3FJ
Production host: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria) / References: UniProt: P68431
#4: Protein Histone H4 /


Mass: 11676.703 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human)
Gene: HIST1H4A, H4/A, H4FA, HIST1H4B, H4/I, H4FI, HIST1H4C, H4/G, H4FG, HIST1H4D, H4/B, H4FB, HIST1H4E, H4/J, H4FJ, HIST1H4F, H4/C, H4FC, HIST1H4H, H4/H, H4FH, HIST1H4I, H4/M, H4FM, HIST1H4J, H4/E, ...Gene: HIST1H4A, H4/A, H4FA, HIST1H4B, H4/I, H4FI, HIST1H4C, H4/G, H4FG, HIST1H4D, H4/B, H4FB, HIST1H4E, H4/J, H4FJ, HIST1H4F, H4/C, H4FC, HIST1H4H, H4/H, H4FH, HIST1H4I, H4/M, H4FM, HIST1H4J, H4/E, H4FE, HIST1H4K, H4/D, H4FD, HIST1H4L, H4/K, H4FK, HIST2H4A, H4/N, H4F2, H4FN, HIST2H4, HIST2H4B, H4/O, H4FO, HIST4H4
Cell line (production host): JM109(DE3) / Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / References: UniProt: P62805
#5: Protein Histone H2A type 1-B/E / Histone H2A.2 / Histone H2A/a / Histone H2A/m


Mass: 14447.825 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Details: GSHMSGRGKQGGKARAKAKTRSSRAGLQFPVGRVHRLLRKGNYSERVGAGAPVYLAAVLEYLTAEILELAGNAARDNKKTRIIPRHLQLAIRNDEELNKLLGRVTIAQGGVLPNIQAVLLPKKTESHHKAKGK
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: HIST1H2AB, H2AFM, HIST1H2AE, H2AFA / Production host: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria) / References: UniProt: P04908
#6: Protein Histone H2B type 1-J / Histone H2B.1 / Histone H2B.r / H2B/r


Mass: 14217.516 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: HIST1H2BJ, H2BFR / Production host: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria) / References: UniProt: P06899

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

Component
IDNameTypeEntity IDParent-IDSource
16-4PP nucleosomeCOMPLEX#1-#60MULTIPLE SOURCES
2DNACOMPLEX#1-#21RECOMBINANT
3Histone H3.1, Histone H2A, Histone H2BHistone H3COMPLEX#3, #5-#61RECOMBINANT
4Histone H4COMPLEX#41RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightValue: 0.199 MDa / Experimental value: NO
Source (natural)
IDEntity assembly-IDOrganismNcbi tax-ID
22Homo sapiens (human)9606
33Homo sapiens (human)9606
44Homo sapiens (human)9606
Source (recombinant)
IDEntity assembly-IDOrganismNcbi tax-ID
22synthetic construct (others)32630
33Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria)469008
44Escherichia coli (E. coli)562
Buffer solutionpH: 7.4
Buffer component
IDConc.NameFormulaBuffer-ID
150 mMSodium chlorideNaClSodium chloride1
250 mMHEPES1
30.25 mMTCEP1
SpecimenConc.: 2 mg/ml / Embedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
VitrificationInstrument: LEICA EM GP / Cryogen name: ETHANE / Humidity: 85 % / Chamber temperature: 277 K

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: SPOT SCAN
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy / Nominal magnification: 130000 X / Cs: 0 mm / C2 aperture diameter: 50 µm / Alignment procedure: ZEMLIN TABLEAU
Specimen holderCryogen: NITROGEN / Model: FEI TITAN KRIOS AUTOGRID HOLDER
Image recordingAverage exposure time: 6 sec. / Electron dose: 40 e/Å2 / Detector mode: COUNTING / Film or detector model: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k) / Num. of grids imaged: 1
EM imaging opticsEnergyfilter name: GIF Quantum LS / Energyfilter slit width: 20 eV

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Processing

SoftwareName: PHENIX / Version: dev_3318: / Classification: refinement
EM software
IDNameVersionCategoryDetails
2EPUimage acquisition
4GctfCTF correction
7Coot0.8.9.1model fitting
9RELIONinitial Euler assignment
10RELIONfinal Euler assignment
12RELION23D reconstruction
13REFMAC5.8.0238model refinementDNA only
14PHENIXdev-3318model refinement
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
3D reconstructionResolution: 4 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 98378 / Symmetry type: POINT
Atomic model buildingProtocol: FLEXIBLE FIT / Space: REAL / Target criteria: Cross-correlation coefficient
Atomic model building
IDPDB-IDPdb chain-ID 3D fitting-ID
14ZUXI1
24ZUXJ1
35Y0CA1
45Y0CB1
55Y0CC1
65Y0CD1
75Y0CE1
85Y0CF1
95Y0CG1
105Y0CH1
114.0E+54B1
123EI4A1

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