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- PDB-6xra: Distinct conformational states of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 6xra
TitleDistinct conformational states of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein
ComponentsSpike glycoprotein
KeywordsVIRAL PROTEIN
Function / homology
Function and homology information


host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / host cell surface receptor binding / viral entry into host cell / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral envelope / pathogenesis / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane
Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus / Spike receptor binding domain, betacoronavirus / Spike glycoprotein, heptad repeat 2, coronavirus
Spike glycoprotein / polysac:dglcpnacb1-4dglcpnacb1-: / polysac:dmanpa1-3dmanpa1-4dglcpnacb1-4dglcpnacb1-roh: / polysac:dmanpa1-4dglcpnacb1-4dglcpnacb1-:
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3 Å
AuthorsZhang, J. / Cai, Y.F. / Xiao, T.S. / Peng, H.Q. / Sterling, S.M. / Walsh Jr, R.M. / Rawson, S. / Rits-Volloch, S. / Chen, B.
Funding support United States, 2items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)AI147884 United States
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)AI147884 01A1S1 United States
CitationJournal: Science (New York, N.Y.) / Year: 2020
Title: Distinct conformational states of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.
Authors: Yongfei Cai / Jun Zhang / Tianshu Xiao / Hanqin Peng / Sarah M Sterling / Richard M Walsh / Shaun Rawson / Sophia Rits-Volloch / Bing Chen /
Abstract: Intervention strategies are urgently needed to control the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. The trimeric viral spike (S) protein catalyzes fusion between viral ...Intervention strategies are urgently needed to control the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. The trimeric viral spike (S) protein catalyzes fusion between viral and target cell membranes to initiate infection. Here, we report two cryo-electron microscopy structures derived from a preparation of the full-length S protein, representing its prefusion (2.9-angstrom resolution) and postfusion (3.0-angstrom resolution) conformations, respectively. The spontaneous transition to the postfusion state is independent of target cells. The prefusion trimer has three receptor-binding domains clamped down by a segment adjacent to the fusion peptide. The postfusion structure is strategically decorated by N-linked glycans, suggesting possible protective roles against host immune responses and harsh external conditions. These findings advance our understanding of SARS-CoV-2 entry and may guide the development of vaccines and therapeutics.
Validation Report
SummaryFull reportAbout validation report
History
DepositionJul 11, 2020Deposition site: RCSB / Processing site: RCSB
Revision 1.0Jul 22, 2020Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 2.0Jul 29, 2020Group: Advisory / Atomic model ...Advisory / Atomic model / Data collection / Derived calculations / Structure summary
Category: atom_site / chem_comp ...atom_site / chem_comp / entity / pdbx_branch_scheme / pdbx_chem_comp_identifier / pdbx_entity_branch / pdbx_entity_branch_descriptor / pdbx_entity_branch_link / pdbx_entity_branch_list / pdbx_entity_nonpoly / pdbx_nonpoly_scheme / pdbx_struct_assembly_gen / pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_atoms / struct_asym / struct_conn / struct_site / struct_site_gen
Item: _atom_site.B_iso_or_equiv / _atom_site.Cartn_x ..._atom_site.B_iso_or_equiv / _atom_site.Cartn_x / _atom_site.Cartn_y / _atom_site.Cartn_z / _atom_site.auth_asym_id / _atom_site.auth_atom_id / _atom_site.auth_comp_id / _atom_site.auth_seq_id / _atom_site.label_asym_id / _atom_site.label_atom_id / _atom_site.label_comp_id / _atom_site.label_entity_id / _atom_site.type_symbol / _chem_comp.name / _pdbx_entity_nonpoly.entity_id / _pdbx_entity_nonpoly.name / _pdbx_struct_assembly_gen.asym_id_list / _pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_atoms.auth_asym_id / _pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_atoms.auth_comp_id / _pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_atoms.auth_seq_id / _pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_atoms.label_asym_id / _pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_atoms.label_comp_id / _struct_conn.pdbx_role / _struct_conn.ptnr1_auth_asym_id / _struct_conn.ptnr1_auth_seq_id / _struct_conn.ptnr1_label_asym_id / _struct_conn.ptnr2_auth_asym_id / _struct_conn.ptnr2_auth_seq_id / _struct_conn.ptnr2_label_asym_id
Description: Carbohydrate remediation / Provider: repository / Type: Remediation
Revision 2.1Aug 5, 2020Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.pdbx_database_id_PubMed / _citation.title ..._citation.pdbx_database_id_PubMed / _citation.title / _citation_author.identifier_ORCID / _citation_author.name
Revision 2.2Oct 7, 2020Group: Database references / Structure summary / Category: chem_comp / citation
Item: _chem_comp.pdbx_synonyms / _citation.journal_volume ..._chem_comp.pdbx_synonyms / _citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first / _citation.page_last

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
C: Spike glycoprotein
A: Spike glycoprotein
B: Spike glycoprotein
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)446,07830
Polymers434,7483
Non-polymers11,32927
Water0
1


TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area47660 Å2
ΔGint-102 kcal/mol
Surface area54470 Å2

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Components

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Protein , 1 types, 3 molecules CAB

#1: Protein Spike glycoprotein / S glycoprotein / E2 / Peplomer protein


Mass: 144916.062 Da / Num. of mol.: 3
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Gene: S, 2 / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P0DTC2

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Sugars , 5 types, 27 molecules

#2: Polysaccharide
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 424.401 Da / Num. of mol.: 6
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/1,2,1/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O]/1-1/a4-b1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#3: Polysaccharide
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1- ...alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 748.682 Da / Num. of mol.: 6
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DManpa1-3DManpa1-4DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-ROHGlycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/2,4,3/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O][a1122h-1a_1-5]/1-1-2-2/a4-b1_b4-c1_c3-d1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[][D-1-deoxy-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][a-D-Manp]{[(3+1)][a-D-Manp]{}}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#4: Polysaccharide alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta- ...alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 586.542 Da / Num. of mol.: 3
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DManpa1-4DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/2,3,2/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O][a1122h-1a_1-5]/1-1-2/a4-b1_b4-c1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][a-D-Manp]{}}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#5: Sugar
ChemComp-NAG / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose / N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE / N-Acetylglucosamine


Type: D-saccharide, beta linking / Mass: 221.208 Da / Num. of mol.: 9
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Formula: C8H15NO6 / Feature type: SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION
IdentifierTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcbCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
N-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranosamineCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
b-D-GlcpNAcIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
GlcNAcSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
#6: Sugar ChemComp-MAN / alpha-D-mannopyranose / alpha-D-mannose / D-mannose / mannose / Mannose


Type: D-saccharide, alpha linking / Mass: 180.156 Da / Num. of mol.: 3
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Formula: C6H12O6 / Feature type: SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION
IdentifierTypeProgram
DManpaCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
a-D-mannopyranoseCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
a-D-ManpIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
ManSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0

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Details

Has ligand of interestY

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: post-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein / Type: COMPLEX
Details: overall map of post-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein
Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightValue: 210 kDa/nm / Experimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Buffer solutionpH: 7.5
Buffer component
IDConc.NameFormulaBuffer-ID
10.15 mol/lsodium chlorideNaClSodium chloride1
20.025 mol/lTris hydrochlorideTris-HClTris1
30.02 %Nonidet P40NP-401
SpecimenConc.: 0.3 mg/ml / Embedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Specimen supportGrid material: GOLD / Grid type: Quantifoil
VitrificationInstrument: FEI VITROBOT MARK IV / Cryogen name: ETHANE / Humidity: 100 % / Chamber temperature: 277.15 K

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 54.3 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 BIOQUANTUM (6k x 4k)

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Processing

SoftwareName: PHENIX / Version: 1.18.2_3874: / Classification: refinement
EM software
IDNameCategory
7Cootmodel fitting
11RELIONclassification
12RELION3D reconstruction
13PHENIXmodel refinement
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
Particle selectionNum. of particles selected: 1007156
SymmetryPoint symmetry: C3 (3 fold cyclic)
3D reconstructionResolution: 3 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 196506 / Symmetry type: POINT
Atomic model buildingProtocol: AB INITIO MODEL
Atomic model buildingPDB-ID: 6B3O
Pdb chain-ID: A / Pdb chain residue range: 714-1252
Refine LS restraints
Refinement-IDTypeDev idealNumber
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_bond_d0.0128937
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_angle_d1.88212138
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_dihedral_angle_d21.923387
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_chiral_restr0.111596
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_plane_restr0.0121488

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