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- EMDB-22292: Distinct conformational states of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: EMDB / ID: EMD-22292
TitleDistinct conformational states of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein
Map data
Sampleclosed state of pre-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein:
Spike glycoproteinSpike protein / ligand
Function / homology
Function and homology information


Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / viral translation / host cell surface receptor binding ...Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / viral translation / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / endocytic vesicle membrane / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / viral protein processing / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral entry into host cell / viral envelope / : / endoplasmic reticulum lumen / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Similarity search - Function
Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / : ...Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / : / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / Betacoronavirus-like spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S2 / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Methodsingle particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 2.9 Å
AuthorsZhang J / Cai YF / Xiao TS / Peng HQ / Sterling SM / Walsh Jr RM / Rawson S / Volloch SR / Chen B
Funding support United States, 2 items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)AI147884 United States
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)AI147884 01A1S1 United States
CitationJournal: Science / Year: 2020
Title: Distinct conformational states of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.
Authors: Yongfei Cai / Jun Zhang / Tianshu Xiao / Hanqin Peng / Sarah M Sterling / Richard M Walsh / Shaun Rawson / Sophia Rits-Volloch / Bing Chen /
Abstract: Intervention strategies are urgently needed to control the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. The trimeric viral spike (S) protein catalyzes fusion between viral ...Intervention strategies are urgently needed to control the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. The trimeric viral spike (S) protein catalyzes fusion between viral and target cell membranes to initiate infection. Here, we report two cryo-electron microscopy structures derived from a preparation of the full-length S protein, representing its prefusion (2.9-angstrom resolution) and postfusion (3.0-angstrom resolution) conformations, respectively. The spontaneous transition to the postfusion state is independent of target cells. The prefusion trimer has three receptor-binding domains clamped down by a segment adjacent to the fusion peptide. The postfusion structure is strategically decorated by N-linked glycans, suggesting possible protective roles against host immune responses and harsh external conditions. These findings advance our understanding of SARS-CoV-2 entry and may guide the development of vaccines and therapeutics.
History
DepositionJul 11, 2020-
Header (metadata) releaseJul 22, 2020-
Map releaseJul 22, 2020-
UpdateDec 2, 2020-
Current statusDec 2, 2020Processing site: RCSB / Status: Released

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Structure visualization

Movie
  • Surface view with section colored by density value
  • Surface level: 0.015
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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  • Surface view colored by cylindrical radius
  • Surface level: 0.015
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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  • Surface view with fitted model
  • Atomic models: PDB-6xr8
  • Surface level: 0.015
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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Movie viewer
Structure viewerEM map:
SurfViewMolmilJmol/JSmol
Supplemental images

Downloads & links

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Map

FileDownload / File: emd_22292.map.gz / Format: CCP4 / Size: 421.9 MB / Type: IMAGE STORED AS FLOATING POINT NUMBER (4 BYTES)
Projections & slices

Image control

Size
Brightness
Contrast
Others
AxesZ (Sec.)Y (Row.)X (Col.)
0.83 Å/pix.
x 480 pix.
= 396. Å
0.83 Å/pix.
x 480 pix.
= 396. Å
0.83 Å/pix.
x 480 pix.
= 396. Å

Surface

Projections

Slices (1/3)

Slices (1/2)

Slices (2/3)

Images are generated by Spider.

Voxel sizeX=Y=Z: 0.825 Å
Density
Contour LevelBy AUTHOR: 0.01 / Movie #1: 0.015
Minimum - Maximum-0.09779838 - 0.12964505
Average (Standard dev.)0.00010056396 (±0.002411511)
SymmetrySpace group: 1
Details

EMDB XML:

Map geometry
Axis orderXYZ
Origin000
Dimensions480480480
Spacing480480480
CellA=B=C: 396.0 Å
α=β=γ: 90.0 °

CCP4 map header:

modeImage stored as Reals
Å/pix. X/Y/Z0.8250.8250.825
M x/y/z480480480
origin x/y/z0.0000.0000.000
length x/y/z396.000396.000396.000
α/β/γ90.00090.00090.000
start NX/NY/NZ000
NX/NY/NZ256256256
MAP C/R/S123
start NC/NR/NS000
NC/NR/NS480480480
D min/max/mean-0.0980.1300.000

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Supplemental data

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Sample components

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Entire closed state of pre-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein

EntireName: closed state of pre-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein
Details: closed state of pre-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein
Number of Components: 3

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Component #1: protein, closed state of pre-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein

ProteinName: closed state of pre-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein
Details: closed state of pre-fusion SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein
Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 440 MDa
SourceSpecies: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (engineered)Expression System: Homo sapiens (human)

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Component #2: protein, Spike glycoprotein

ProteinName: Spike glycoproteinSpike protein / Number of Copies: 3 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 144.916062 kDa
SourceSpecies: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (engineered)Expression System: Homo sapiens (human)

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Component #3: ligand, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose

LigandName: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / Number of Copies: 21 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 0.221208 kDa

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Experimental details

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Sample preparation

SpecimenSpecimen State: Particle / Method: cryo EM
Sample solutionSpecimen conc.: 0.3 mg/mL / pH: 7.5
VitrificationInstrument: FEI VITROBOT MARK IV / Cryogen Name: ETHANE / Temperature: 277.15 K / Humidity: 100 %

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
ImagingMicroscope: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron Source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating Voltage: 300 kV / Electron Dose: 54.3 e/Å2 / Illumination Mode: FLOOD BEAM
LensImaging Mode: BRIGHT FIELD
Specimen HolderModel: OTHER
CameraDetector: OTHER

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Image processing

ProcessingMethod: single particle reconstruction / Applied Symmetry: C3 (3 fold cyclic) / Number of Projections: 71339
3D reconstructionSoftware: RELION / Resolution: 2.9 Å / Resolution Method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF

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Atomic model buiding

Modeling #1Input PDB model: 6VXX
Chain ID: A
Output model

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