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- PDB-8gh1: Locally refined cryoEM structure of receptor from beta-2-adrenerg... -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 8gh1
TitleLocally refined cryoEM structure of receptor from beta-2-adrenergic receptor in complex with GTP-bound Gs heterotrimer (transition intermediate #20 of 20)
ComponentsBeta-2 adrenergic receptor
KeywordsSIGNALING PROTEIN / GPCR / Adrenergic / Receptor / G protein
Function / homology
Function and homology information


: / beta2-adrenergic receptor activity / norepinephrine-epinephrine-mediated vasodilation involved in regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure / positive regulation of mini excitatory postsynaptic potential / positive regulation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity / norepinephrine binding / Adrenoceptors / heat generation / positive regulation of autophagosome maturation / positive regulation of AMPA receptor activity ...: / beta2-adrenergic receptor activity / norepinephrine-epinephrine-mediated vasodilation involved in regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure / positive regulation of mini excitatory postsynaptic potential / positive regulation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity / norepinephrine binding / Adrenoceptors / heat generation / positive regulation of autophagosome maturation / positive regulation of AMPA receptor activity / activation of transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity / negative regulation of smooth muscle contraction / positive regulation of lipophagy / response to psychosocial stress / negative regulation of multicellular organism growth / adrenergic receptor signaling pathway / endosome to lysosome transport / diet induced thermogenesis / neuronal dense core vesicle / positive regulation of protein kinase A signaling / adenylate cyclase binding / smooth muscle contraction / potassium channel regulator activity / positive regulation of bone mineralization / brown fat cell differentiation / adenylate cyclase-activating adrenergic receptor signaling pathway / regulation of sodium ion transport / bone resorption / activation of adenylate cyclase activity / response to cold / receptor-mediated endocytosis / clathrin-coated endocytic vesicle membrane / adenylate cyclase-modulating G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway / positive regulation of protein serine/threonine kinase activity / cellular response to amyloid-beta / Cargo recognition for clathrin-mediated endocytosis / Clathrin-mediated endocytosis / positive regulation of cold-induced thermogenesis / amyloid-beta binding / G alpha (s) signalling events / transcription by RNA polymerase II / positive regulation of MAPK cascade / lysosome / early endosome / cell surface receptor signaling pathway / receptor complex / endosome membrane / Ub-specific processing proteases / endosome / apical plasma membrane / protein-containing complex binding / Golgi apparatus / protein homodimerization activity / positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II / membrane / identical protein binding / nucleus / plasma membrane
Similarity search - Function
Beta 2 adrenoceptor / Adrenoceptor family / Serpentine type 7TM GPCR chemoreceptor Srsx / G-protein coupled receptors family 1 signature. / G protein-coupled receptor, rhodopsin-like / GPCR, rhodopsin-like, 7TM / G-protein coupled receptors family 1 profile. / 7 transmembrane receptor (rhodopsin family)
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Chem-G1I / Beta-2 adrenergic receptor
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 4.1 Å
AuthorsPapasergi-Scott, M.M. / Skiniotis, G.
Funding support United States, 2items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Other government
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH/NINDS) United States
CitationJournal: Nature / Year: 2024
Title: Time-resolved cryo-EM of G-protein activation by a GPCR.
Authors: Makaía M Papasergi-Scott / Guillermo Pérez-Hernández / Hossein Batebi / Yang Gao / Gözde Eskici / Alpay B Seven / Ouliana Panova / Daniel Hilger / Marina Casiraghi / Feng He / Luis Maul ...Authors: Makaía M Papasergi-Scott / Guillermo Pérez-Hernández / Hossein Batebi / Yang Gao / Gözde Eskici / Alpay B Seven / Ouliana Panova / Daniel Hilger / Marina Casiraghi / Feng He / Luis Maul / Peter Gmeiner / Brian K Kobilka / Peter W Hildebrand / Georgios Skiniotis /
Abstract: G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) activate heterotrimeric G proteins by stimulating guanine nucleotide exchange in the Gα subunit. To visualize this mechanism, we developed a time-resolved cryo-EM ...G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) activate heterotrimeric G proteins by stimulating guanine nucleotide exchange in the Gα subunit. To visualize this mechanism, we developed a time-resolved cryo-EM approach that examines the progression of ensembles of pre-steady-state intermediates of a GPCR-G-protein complex. By monitoring the transitions of the stimulatory G protein in complex with the β-adrenergic receptor at short sequential time points after GTP addition, we identified the conformational trajectory underlying G-protein activation and functional dissociation from the receptor. Twenty structures generated from sequential overlapping particle subsets along this trajectory, compared to control structures, provide a high-resolution description of the order of main events driving G-protein activation in response to GTP binding. Structural changes propagate from the nucleotide-binding pocket and extend through the GTPase domain, enacting alterations to Gα switch regions and the α5 helix that weaken the G-protein-receptor interface. Molecular dynamics simulations with late structures in the cryo-EM trajectory support that enhanced ordering of GTP on closure of the α-helical domain against the nucleotide-bound Ras-homology domain correlates with α5 helix destabilization and eventual dissociation of the G protein from the GPCR. These findings also highlight the potential of time-resolved cryo-EM as a tool for mechanistic dissection of GPCR signalling events.
History
DepositionMar 8, 2023Deposition site: RCSB / Processing site: RCSB
Revision 1.0Mar 6, 2024Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Mar 13, 2024Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.country / _citation.journal_abbrev ..._citation.country / _citation.journal_abbrev / _citation.journal_id_ASTM / _citation.journal_id_CSD / _citation.journal_id_ISSN / _citation.pdbx_database_id_DOI / _citation.year
Revision 1.2Mar 27, 2024Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.pdbx_database_id_PubMed / _citation.title / _citation_author.identifier_ORCID
Revision 1.3Jun 5, 2024Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first ..._citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first / _citation.page_last / _citation_author.identifier_ORCID

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Structure visualization

Structure viewerMolecule:
MolmilJmol/JSmol

Downloads & links

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Assembly

Deposited unit
R: Beta-2 adrenergic receptor
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)51,9762
Polymers51,7671
Non-polymers2091
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
  • Evidence: electron microscopy
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551

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Components

#1: Protein Beta-2 adrenergic receptor / / Beta-2 adrenoreceptor / Beta-2 adrenoceptor


Mass: 51767.242 Da / Num. of mol.: 1
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: ADRB2, ADRB2R, B2AR / Production host: Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) / References: UniProt: P07550
#2: Chemical ChemComp-G1I / (5R,6R)-6-(methylamino)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalene-1,2,5-triol


Mass: 209.242 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C11H15NO3
Has ligand of interestN

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: Complex of beta-2 adrenergic receptor and Gs heterotrimer with GTP
Type: COMPLEX
Details: Combined datasets of the protein complex from samples plunge frozen at 5 sec, 10 sec, or 17 sec after GTP addition to the sample.
Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightExperimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Source (recombinant)Organism: Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)
Buffer solutionpH: 7.5
Details: GTP was added just prior to freezing at 5 sec, 10 sec, or 17 sec before plunging.
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Specimen supportGrid type: UltrAuFoil R1.2/1.3
VitrificationInstrument: FEI VITROBOT MARK IV / Cryogen name: ETHANE / Humidity: 100 % / Chamber temperature: 277.15 K
Details: GTP was added just prior to freezing at 5 sec, 10 sec, or 17 sec before plunging.

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy / Nominal defocus max: 2000 nm / Nominal defocus min: 400 nm
Specimen holderCryogen: NITROGEN / Specimen holder model: FEI TITAN KRIOS AUTOGRID HOLDER
Image recordingElectron dose: 50 e/Å2 / Detector mode: COUNTING / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 (6k x 4k)
Details: The map is the result of combining multiple datasets: cryo-EM imaging of the beta-2AR-Gs + GTP (5 sec) complex was performed on a Titan Krios electron microscope equipped with a K3 Summit ...Details: The map is the result of combining multiple datasets: cryo-EM imaging of the beta-2AR-Gs + GTP (5 sec) complex was performed on a Titan Krios electron microscope equipped with a K3 Summit direct electron detector (Gatan). The microscope was operated at 300 kV accelerating voltage, with a nominal magnification of 105,000x in counting mode resulting in a magnified pixel size of 0.8677 Angstrom. A total exposure of 60.48 electrons/ Angstrom^2 over 63 frames with defocus ranging from -1.0 - -2.0 micrometers was used. Cryo-EM imaging of beta-2AR-Gs + GTP (10 sec) complex was performed on four separate grids over three collection sessions. The microscope was operated at 300 kV accelerating voltage, with a magnification at the camera of 58,679x in counting mode resulting in a magnified pixel size of 0.8521 Angstrom. For the first and second grids, movies were obtained at an exposure rate of 21.13 electrons/Angstrum^2/sec with defocus ranging from -0.4 - -2.0 micrometers. The total exposure time was 2.717 sec over 77 frames per movie stack. For an additional collection of the first grid, movies were obtained at an exposure rate of 20.95 electrons/ Angstrum^2/sec with defocus ranging from -0.4 -2.0 micrometers. The total exposure time was 2.717 sec over 77 frames per movie stack. For the third and fourth grids, movies were obtained at an exposure rate of 30.71 electrons/ Angstrum^2/sec with defocus ranging from -0.5 - -1.6 micrometers. The total exposure time was 2.008 sec over 79 frames per movie stack. Cryo-EM imaging of beta-2AR-Gs + GTP (17 sec) was performed on a Titan Krios equipped with a post-column energy filter, with a magnification of 105,000x in counting mode resulting in a magnified pixel size of 0.8677 Angstrom. Movies were obtained at an exposure rate of 32.46 electrons/Angstrum^2/sec with defocus ranging from -0.4 - -0.9 micrometers. The total exposure time was 1.999 sec over 79 frames per movie stack.

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Processing

EM software
IDNameCategoryDetails
2SerialEMimage acquisition
9PHENIXmodel refinement
10Cootmodel refinement
12cryoSPARCfinal Euler assignment
13cryoSPARCclassification3DVA
14cryoSPARC3D reconstructionLocal refinement of receptor
CTF correctionType: NONE
Particle selectionNum. of particles selected: 19918625
3D reconstructionResolution: 4.1 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 47951 / Symmetry type: POINT
Refine LS restraints
Refine-IDTypeDev idealNumber
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_bond_d0.0022030
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_angle_d0.5132794
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_dihedral_angle_d4.477297
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_chiral_restr0.038331
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_plane_restr0.003351

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