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- PDB-7vxe: SARS-CoV-2 Kappa variant spike protein in open state -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 7vxe
TitleSARS-CoV-2 Kappa variant spike protein in open state
ComponentsSpike glycoproteinSpike protein
KeywordsVIRAL PROTEIN / SARS-CoV-2 / coronavirus / Kappa variant / B.1.617.1 lineage / spike protein
Function / homology
Function and homology information


Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell ...Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / endocytic vesicle membrane / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral entry into host cell / viral envelope / endoplasmic reticulum lumen / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Similarity search - Function
Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Spike glycoprotein, N-terminal domain superfamily / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus, heptad repeat 2 / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus, heptad repeat 1 / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus ...Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Spike glycoprotein, N-terminal domain superfamily / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus, heptad repeat 2 / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus, heptad repeat 1 / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / Betacoronavirus-like spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S2 / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.2 Å
AuthorsXu, C. / Cong, Y.
Funding support China, 1items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Chinese Academy of Sciences China
CitationJournal: Nat Commun / Year: 2021
Title: Conformational dynamics of the Beta and Kappa SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins and their complexes with ACE2 receptor revealed by cryo-EM.
Authors: Yifan Wang / Cong Xu / Yanxing Wang / Qin Hong / Chao Zhang / Zuyang Li / Shiqi Xu / Qinyu Zuo / Caixuan Liu / Zhong Huang / Yao Cong /
Abstract: The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 Kappa and Beta variants with enhanced transmissibility and resistance to neutralizing antibodies has created new challenges for the control of the ongoing COVID-19 ...The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 Kappa and Beta variants with enhanced transmissibility and resistance to neutralizing antibodies has created new challenges for the control of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding the structural nature of Kappa and Beta spike (S) proteins and their association with ACE2 is of significant importance. Here we present two cryo-EM structures for each of the Kappa and Beta spikes in the open and open-prone transition states. Compared with wild-type (WT) or G614 spikes, the two variant spikes appear more untwisted/open especially for Beta, and display a considerable population shift towards the open state as well as more pronounced conformational dynamics. Moreover, we capture four conformational states of the S-trimer/ACE2 complex for each of the two variants, revealing an enlarged conformational landscape for the Kappa and Beta S-ACE2 complexes and pronounced population shift towards the three RBDs up conformation. These results implicate that the mutations in Kappa and Beta may modify the kinetics of receptor binding and viral fusion to improve virus fitness. Combined with biochemical analysis, our structural study shows that the two variants are enabled to efficiently interact with ACE2 receptor despite their sensitive ACE2 binding surface is modified to escape recognition by some potent neutralizing MAbs. Our findings shed new light on the pathogenicity and immune evasion mechanism of the Beta and Kappa variants.
History
DepositionNov 12, 2021Deposition site: PDBJ / Processing site: PDBJ
Revision 1.0Dec 1, 2021Provider: repository / Type: Initial release

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Spike glycoprotein
B: Spike glycoprotein
C: Spike glycoprotein


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)420,4773
Polymers420,4773
Non-polymers00
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551

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Components

#1: Protein Spike glycoprotein / Spike protein / S glycoprotein / E2 / Peplomer protein


Mass: 140159.109 Da / Num. of mol.: 3
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Gene: S, 2 / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P0DTC2

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, Kappa Variant,open state / Type: COMPLEX / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Source (natural)Organism: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Buffer solutionpH: 7.5
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 50 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 (6k x 4k)

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Processing

SoftwareName: PHENIX / Version: 1.10.1_2155: / Classification: refinement
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
3D reconstructionResolution: 3.2 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 70747 / Symmetry type: POINT
Refine LS restraints
Refine-IDTypeDev idealNumber
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_bond_d0.00149923
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_angle_d0.45989928
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_dihedral_angle_d11.06325770
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_chiral_restr0.0423921
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_plane_restr0.0027929

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