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- EMDB-21457: SARS-CoV-2 spike ectodomain structure (open state) -

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Open data


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Basic information

Entry
Database: EMDB / ID: EMD-21457
TitleSARS-CoV-2 spike ectodomain structure (open state)
Map data
SampleSARS-CoV-2 prefusion spike ectodomain:
Spike glycoproteinSpike protein / ligand
Function / homology
Function and homology information


Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell ...Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / endocytic vesicle membrane / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral entry into host cell / viral envelope / endoplasmic reticulum lumen / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Similarity search - Function
Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Spike glycoprotein, N-terminal domain superfamily / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus, heptad repeat 2 / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus, heptad repeat 1 / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus ...Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Spike glycoprotein, N-terminal domain superfamily / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus, heptad repeat 2 / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus, heptad repeat 1 / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / Betacoronavirus-like spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S2 / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Methodsingle particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.2 Å
AuthorsWalls AC / Park YJ / Tortorici MA / Wall A / Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease (SSGCID) / McGuire AT / Veesler D
Funding support United States, 1 items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)R01GM120553 United States
CitationJournal: Cell / Year: 2020
Title: Structure, Function, and Antigenicity of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein.
Authors: Alexandra C Walls / Young-Jun Park / M Alejandra Tortorici / Abigail Wall / Andrew T McGuire / David Veesler /
Abstract: The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 has resulted in >90,000 infections and >3,000 deaths. Coronavirus spike (S) glycoproteins promote entry into cells and are the main target of antibodies. We show that SARS- ...The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 has resulted in >90,000 infections and >3,000 deaths. Coronavirus spike (S) glycoproteins promote entry into cells and are the main target of antibodies. We show that SARS-CoV-2 S uses ACE2 to enter cells and that the receptor-binding domains of SARS-CoV-2 S and SARS-CoV S bind with similar affinities to human ACE2, correlating with the efficient spread of SARS-CoV-2 among humans. We found that the SARS-CoV-2 S glycoprotein harbors a furin cleavage site at the boundary between the S/S subunits, which is processed during biogenesis and sets this virus apart from SARS-CoV and SARS-related CoVs. We determined cryo-EM structures of the SARS-CoV-2 S ectodomain trimer, providing a blueprint for the design of vaccines and inhibitors of viral entry. Finally, we demonstrate that SARS-CoV S murine polyclonal antibodies potently inhibited SARS-CoV-2 S mediated entry into cells, indicating that cross-neutralizing antibodies targeting conserved S epitopes can be elicited upon vaccination.
History
DepositionFeb 25, 2020-
Header (metadata) releaseMar 11, 2020-
Map releaseMar 11, 2020-
UpdateJul 29, 2020-
Current statusJul 29, 2020Processing site: RCSB / Status: Released

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Structure visualization

Movie
  • Surface view with section colored by density value
  • Surface level: 0.4
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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  • Surface view colored by cylindrical radius
  • Surface level: 0.4
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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  • Surface view with fitted model
  • Atomic models: PDB-6vyb
  • Surface level: 0.4
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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Movie viewer
Structure viewerEM map:
SurfViewMolmilJmol/JSmol
Supplemental images

Downloads & links

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Map

FileDownload / File: emd_21457.map.gz / Format: CCP4 / Size: 244.1 MB / Type: IMAGE STORED AS FLOATING POINT NUMBER (4 BYTES)
Projections & slices

Image control

Size
Brightness
Contrast
Others
AxesZ (Sec.)Y (Row.)X (Col.)
1.05 Å/pix.
x 400 pix.
= 420. Å
1.05 Å/pix.
x 400 pix.
= 420. Å
1.05 Å/pix.
x 400 pix.
= 420. Å

Surface

Projections

Slices (1/3)

Slices (1/2)

Slices (2/3)

Images are generated by Spider.

Voxel sizeX=Y=Z: 1.05 Å
Density
Contour LevelBy AUTHOR: 0.4 / Movie #1: 0.4
Minimum - Maximum-1.5941395 - 3.233317
Average (Standard dev.)-0.00082008366 (±0.06033662)
SymmetrySpace group: 1
Details

EMDB XML:

Map geometry
Axis orderXYZ
Origin000
Dimensions400400400
Spacing400400400
CellA=B=C: 419.99997 Å
α=β=γ: 90.0 °

CCP4 map header:

modeImage stored as Reals
Å/pix. X/Y/Z1.051.051.05
M x/y/z400400400
origin x/y/z0.0000.0000.000
length x/y/z420.000420.000420.000
α/β/γ90.00090.00090.000
MAP C/R/S123
start NC/NR/NS000
NC/NR/NS400400400
D min/max/mean-1.5943.233-0.001

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Supplemental data

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Additional map: Unsharpened map

Fileemd_21457_additional.map
AnnotationUnsharpened map
Projections & Slices
AxesZYX

Projections

Slices (1/2)
Density Histograms

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Sample components

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Entire SARS-CoV-2 prefusion spike ectodomain

EntireName: SARS-CoV-2 prefusion spike ectodomain / Number of Components: 3

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Component #1: protein, SARS-CoV-2 prefusion spike ectodomain

ProteinName: SARS-CoV-2 prefusion spike ectodomain / Recombinant expression: No
SourceSpecies: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (engineered)Expression System: Homo sapiens (human)

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Component #2: protein, Spike glycoprotein

ProteinName: Spike glycoproteinSpike protein / Number of Copies: 3 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 141.533797 kDa
SourceSpecies: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (engineered)Expression System: Homo sapiens (human)

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Component #3: ligand, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose

LigandName: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / Number of Copies: 35 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 0.221208 kDa

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Experimental details

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Sample preparation

SpecimenSpecimen State: Particle / Method: cryo EM
Sample solutionpH: 8
Support filmunspecified
VitrificationCryogen Name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
ImagingMicroscope: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron Source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating Voltage: 300 kV / Electron Dose: 70 e/Å2 / Illumination Mode: FLOOD BEAM
LensImaging Mode: BRIGHT FIELD
Specimen HolderModel: OTHER
CameraDetector: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k)

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Image processing

ProcessingMethod: single particle reconstruction / Applied Symmetry: C1 (asymmetric) / Number of Projections: 197005
3D reconstructionSoftware: RELION / Resolution: 3.2 Å / Resolution Method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF

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Atomic model buiding

Output model

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