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- PDB-6x59: The mouse cGAS catalytic domain binding to human assembled nucleosome -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 6x59
TitleThe mouse cGAS catalytic domain binding to human assembled nucleosome
Components
  • (DNA) x 2
  • Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase
  • Histone H2A type 1
  • Histone H2B type 1-C/E/F/G/I
  • Histone H3.2
  • Histone H4
KeywordsDNA BINDING PROTEIN/DNA/TRANSFERASE / Immunity / DNA BINDING PROTEIN-DNA-TRANSFERASE complex
Function / homology
Function and homology information


cyclic GMP-AMP synthase / positive regulation of cGMP-mediated signaling / 2',3'-cyclic GMP-AMP synthase activity / regulation of type I interferon production / paracrine signaling / regulation of immunoglobulin production / negative regulation of double-strand break repair via homologous recombination / regulation of T cell activation / cellular response to exogenous dsRNA / positive regulation of cAMP-mediated signaling ...cyclic GMP-AMP synthase / positive regulation of cGMP-mediated signaling / 2',3'-cyclic GMP-AMP synthase activity / regulation of type I interferon production / paracrine signaling / regulation of immunoglobulin production / negative regulation of double-strand break repair via homologous recombination / regulation of T cell activation / cellular response to exogenous dsRNA / positive regulation of cAMP-mediated signaling / positive regulation of type I interferon production / negative regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation / Packaging Of Telomere Ends / Chromatin modifying enzymes / Cleavage of the damaged purine / Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected purine / Deposition of new CENPA-containing nucleosomes at the centromere / regulation of immune response / DNA replication-independent chromatin assembly / Cleavage of the damaged pyrimidine / Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected pyrimidine / Inhibition of DNA recombination at telomere / Meiotic synapsis / heterochromatin assembly => GO:0031507 / telomere organization / RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening / SUMOylation of chromatin organization proteins / Interleukin-7 signaling / determination of adult lifespan / DNA replication-dependent chromatin assembly / DNA methylation / positive regulation of defense response to virus by host / innate immune response in mucosa / HCMV Late Events / SIRT1 negatively regulates rRNA expression / ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression / Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes / PRC2 methylates histones and DNA / activation of innate immune response / Defective pyroptosis / RNA Polymerase I Promoter Escape / HDACs deacetylate histones / nuclear chromosome / Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs / NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression / Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ) / phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate binding / Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex / RUNX1 regulates genes involved in megakaryocyte differentiation and platelet function / B-WICH complex positively regulates rRNA expression / DNA-templated transcription, initiation / Metalloprotease DUBs / Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3 / DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence / G2/M DNA damage checkpoint / RMTs methylate histone arginines / nucleosome assembly / HCMV Early Events / HDMs demethylate histones / Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation / Meiotic recombination / PKMTs methylate histone lysines / nucleosome / Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis / UCH proteinases / Transcriptional regulation of granulopoiesis / site of double-strand break / positive regulation of cellular senescence / E3 ubiquitin ligases ubiquitinate target proteins / RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs / Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks / Processing of DNA double-strand break ends / Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production / HATs acetylate histones / double-stranded DNA binding / Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP) / defense response to virus / chromosome, telomeric region / Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence / antibacterial humoral response / Estrogen-dependent gene expression / antimicrobial humoral immune response mediated by antimicrobial peptide / Ub-specific processing proteases / defense response to Gram-positive bacterium / protein heterodimerization activity / Amyloid fiber formation / DNA repair / protein domain specific binding / cellular response to DNA damage stimulus / GTP binding / chromatin binding / innate immune response / enzyme binding / protein-containing complex / RNA binding / DNA binding / extracellular space / extracellular exosome / membrane / extracellular region
Similarity search - Function
Mab-21 domain / Mab-21 protein nucleotidyltransferase domain / Mab-21 / Histone H2B signature. / Histone H2B / Histone H2B / Histone H2A conserved site / Histone H2A signature. / Histone H2A, C-terminal domain / C-terminus of histone H2A ...Mab-21 domain / Mab-21 protein nucleotidyltransferase domain / Mab-21 / Histone H2B signature. / Histone H2B / Histone H2B / Histone H2A conserved site / Histone H2A signature. / Histone H2A, C-terminal domain / C-terminus of histone H2A / Histone 2A / Histone H2A / Histone H4, conserved site / Histone H4 signature. / Histone H4 / Histone H4 / Centromere kinetochore component CENP-T histone fold / CENP-T/Histone H4, histone fold / TATA box binding protein associated factor / TATA box binding protein associated factor (TAF) / Histone H3 signature 1. / Histone H3 signature 2. / Histone H3 / Histone H3/CENP-A / Core histone H2A/H2B/H3/H4 / Histone H2A/H2B/H3 / Histone-fold
Similarity search - Domain/homology
DNA (> 100) / DNA (> 10) / DNA / Histone H2A type 1 / Histone H4 / Histone H2B type 1-C/E/F/G/I / Histone H3.2 / Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
Mus musculus (house mouse)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 2.98 Å
AuthorsPengbiao, X. / Pingwei, L. / Baoyu, Z.
Funding support United States, 2items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Welch FoundationGrant A-1931-20170325 United States
NIaGrant R01 AI145287 United States
CitationJournal: Nature / Year: 2020
Title: The molecular basis of tight nuclear tethering and inactivation of cGAS.
Authors: Baoyu Zhao / Pengbiao Xu / Chesley M Rowlett / Tao Jing / Omkar Shinde / Yuanjiu Lei / A Phillip West / Wenshe Ray Liu / Pingwei Li /
Abstract: Nucleic acids derived from pathogens induce potent innate immune responses. Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) is a double-stranded DNA sensor that catalyses the synthesis of the cyclic dinucleotide ...Nucleic acids derived from pathogens induce potent innate immune responses. Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) is a double-stranded DNA sensor that catalyses the synthesis of the cyclic dinucleotide cyclic GMP-AMP, which mediates the induction of type I interferons through the STING-TBK1-IRF3 signalling axis. cGAS was previously thought to not react with self DNA owing to its cytosolic localization; however, recent studies have shown that cGAS is localized mostly in the nucleus and has low activity as a result of tight nuclear tethering. Here we show that cGAS binds to nucleosomes with nanomolar affinity and that nucleosome binding potently inhibits its catalytic activity. To elucidate the molecular basis of cGAS inactivation by nuclear tethering, we determined the structure of mouse cGAS bound to human nucleosome by cryo-electron microscopy. The structure shows that cGAS binds to a negatively charged acidic patch formed by histones H2A and H2B via its second DNA-binding site. High-affinity nucleosome binding blocks double-stranded DNA binding and maintains cGAS in an inactive conformation. Mutations of cGAS that disrupt nucleosome binding alter cGAS-mediated signalling in cells.
History
DepositionMay 25, 2020Deposition site: RCSB / Processing site: RCSB
Revision 1.0Sep 16, 2020Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Sep 23, 2020Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.country / _citation.journal_abbrev ..._citation.country / _citation.journal_abbrev / _citation.journal_id_ASTM / _citation.journal_id_CSD / _citation.journal_id_ISSN / _citation.pdbx_database_id_DOI / _citation.pdbx_database_id_PubMed / _citation.title / _citation.year
Revision 1.2Dec 9, 2020Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first ..._citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first / _citation.page_last / _citation.title / _citation_author.identifier_ORCID

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Histone H3.2
B: Histone H4
C: Histone H2A type 1
D: Histone H2B type 1-C/E/F/G/I
E: Histone H3.2
F: Histone H4
G: Histone H2A type 1
H: Histone H2B type 1-C/E/F/G/I
I: DNA
J: DNA
K: Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)243,07712
Polymers243,01211
Non-polymers651
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
  • Evidence: gel filtration, surface plasmon resonance
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551

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Components

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Protein , 5 types, 9 molecules AEBFCGDHK

#1: Protein Histone H3.2 / H3-clustered histone 13 / H3-clustered histone 14 / H3-clustered histone 15 / Histone H3/m / Histone H3/o


Mass: 15257.838 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human)
Gene: H3C15, HIST2H3A, H3C14, H3F2, H3FM, HIST2H3C, H3C13, HIST2H3D
Production host: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria) / References: UniProt: Q71DI3
#2: Protein Histone H4 /


Mass: 11263.231 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human)
Gene: HIST1H4A, H4/A, H4FA, HIST1H4B, H4/I, H4FI, HIST1H4C, H4/G, H4FG, HIST1H4D, H4/B, H4FB, HIST1H4E, H4/J, H4FJ, HIST1H4F, H4/C, H4FC, HIST1H4H, H4/H, H4FH, HIST1H4I, H4/M, H4FM, HIST1H4J, H4/E, ...Gene: HIST1H4A, H4/A, H4FA, HIST1H4B, H4/I, H4FI, HIST1H4C, H4/G, H4FG, HIST1H4D, H4/B, H4FB, HIST1H4E, H4/J, H4FJ, HIST1H4F, H4/C, H4FC, HIST1H4H, H4/H, H4FH, HIST1H4I, H4/M, H4FM, HIST1H4J, H4/E, H4FE, HIST1H4K, H4/D, H4FD, HIST1H4L, H4/K, H4FK, HIST2H4A, H4/N, H4F2, H4FN, HIST2H4, HIST2H4B, H4/O, H4FO, HIST4H4
Production host: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria) / References: UniProt: P62805
#3: Protein Histone H2A type 1 / H2A.1 / Histone H2A/ptl


Mass: 13990.342 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human)
Gene: H2AC11, H2AFP, HIST1H2AG, H2AC13, H2AFC, HIST1H2AI, H2AC15, H2AFD, HIST1H2AK, H2AC16, H2AFI, HIST1H2AL, H2AC17, H2AFN, HIST1H2AM
Production host: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria) / References: UniProt: P0C0S8
#4: Protein Histone H2B type 1-C/E/F/G/I / Histone H2B.1 A / Histone H2B.a / H2B/a / Histone H2B.g / H2B/g / Histone H2B.h / H2B/h / Histone ...Histone H2B.1 A / Histone H2B.a / H2B/a / Histone H2B.g / H2B/g / Histone H2B.h / H2B/h / Histone H2B.k / H2B/k / Histone H2B.l / H2B/l


Mass: 13795.980 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human)
Gene: H2BC4, H2BFL, HIST1H2BC, H2BC6, H2BFH, HIST1H2BE, H2BC7, H2BFG, HIST1H2BF, H2BC8, H2BFA, HIST1H2BG, H2BC10, H2BFK, HIST1H2BI
Production host: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria) / References: UniProt: P62807
#7: Protein Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase / / m-cGAS / 2'3'-cGAMP synthase / Mab-21 domain-containing protein 1


Mass: 43647.352 Da / Num. of mol.: 1
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Mus musculus (house mouse) / Gene: Cgas, Mb21d1 / Production host: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) (bacteria) / References: UniProt: Q8C6L5, cyclic GMP-AMP synthase

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DNA chain , 2 types, 2 molecules IJ

#5: DNA chain DNA /


Mass: 45145.754 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Source: (synth.) Homo sapiens (human)
#6: DNA chain DNA /


Mass: 45604.047 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Source: (synth.) Homo sapiens (human)

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Non-polymers , 1 types, 1 molecules

#8: Chemical ChemComp-ZN / ZINC ION


Mass: 65.409 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: Zn / Feature type: SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION

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Details

Has ligand of interestY

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: cGAS-nucleosome complex / Type: COMPLEX
Details: The mouse cGAS catalytic domain binding to assembled human nucleosome
Entity ID: #1-#7 / Source: MULTIPLE SOURCES
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Buffer solutionpH: 7.4
SpecimenConc.: 0.4 mg/ml / Embedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE / Humidity: 100 % / Chamber temperature: 298 K

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy / Nominal defocus max: 1800 nm / Nominal defocus min: 700 nm / Cs: 2.7 mm
Image recordingElectron dose: 48 e/Å2 / Detector mode: COUNTING / Film or detector model: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k)

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Processing

SoftwareName: PHENIX / Version: 1.17_3644: / Classification: refinement
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
3D reconstructionResolution: 2.98 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 182358 / Symmetry type: POINT
Refine LS restraints
Refine-IDTypeDev idealNumber
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_bond_d0.00615829
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_angle_d0.83222591
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_dihedral_angle_d32.3614153
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_chiral_restr0.0452540
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_plane_restr0.0061858

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