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- PDB-7mte: Structure of SARS-CoV-2 S2P spike at pH 7.4 refolded by low-pH tr... -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 7mte
TitleStructure of SARS-CoV-2 S2P spike at pH 7.4 refolded by low-pH treatment
ComponentsSpike glycoproteinSpike protein
KeywordsVIRAL PROTEIN / COVID-19 / SARS-CoV-2 spike / S2P
Function / homology
Function and homology information


Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / viral translation / host cell surface receptor binding ...Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / viral translation / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / endocytic vesicle membrane / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / viral protein processing / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral entry into host cell / viral envelope / : / endoplasmic reticulum lumen / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Similarity search - Function
Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / : ...Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / : / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / Betacoronavirus-like spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S2 / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.2 Å
AuthorsTsybovsky, Y. / Olia, A.S. / Kwong, P.D.
CitationJournal: J Biol Chem / Year: 2021
Title: SARS-CoV-2 S2P spike ages through distinct states with altered immunogenicity.
Authors: Adam S Olia / Yaroslav Tsybovsky / Steven J Chen / Cuiping Liu / Alexandra F Nazzari / Li Ou / Lingshu Wang / Wing-Pui Kong / Kwan Leung / Tracy Liu / Tyler Stephens / I-Ting Teng / Shuishu ...Authors: Adam S Olia / Yaroslav Tsybovsky / Steven J Chen / Cuiping Liu / Alexandra F Nazzari / Li Ou / Lingshu Wang / Wing-Pui Kong / Kwan Leung / Tracy Liu / Tyler Stephens / I-Ting Teng / Shuishu Wang / Eun Sung Yang / Baoshan Zhang / Yi Zhang / Tongqing Zhou / John R Mascola / Peter D Kwong /
Abstract: The SARS-CoV-2 spike is the primary target of virus-neutralizing antibodies and critical to the development of effective vaccines against COVID-19. Here, we demonstrate that the prefusion-stabilized ...The SARS-CoV-2 spike is the primary target of virus-neutralizing antibodies and critical to the development of effective vaccines against COVID-19. Here, we demonstrate that the prefusion-stabilized two-proline "S2P" spike-widely employed for laboratory work and clinical studies-unfolds when stored at 4 °C, physiological pH, as observed by electron microscopy (EM) and differential scanning calorimetry, but that its trimeric, native-like conformation can be reacquired by low pH treatment. When stored for approximately 1 week, this unfolding does not significantly alter antigenic characteristics; however, longer storage diminishes antibody binding, and month-old spike elicits virtually no neutralization in mice despite inducing high ELISA-binding titers. Cryo-EM structures reveal the folded fraction of spike to decrease with aging; however, its structure remains largely similar, although with varying mobility of the receptor-binding domain. Thus, the SARS-CoV-2 spike is susceptible to unfolding, which affects immunogenicity, highlighting the need to monitor its integrity.
History
DepositionMay 13, 2021Deposition site: RCSB / Processing site: RCSB
Revision 1.0Sep 15, 2021Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Oct 13, 2021Group: Database references / Category: citation / Item: _citation.journal_volume

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Spike glycoprotein
B: Spike glycoprotein
C: Spike glycoprotein
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)433,76331
Polymers424,7253
Non-polymers9,03928
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area32290 Å2
ΔGint-14 kcal/mol
Surface area127940 Å2

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Components

#1: Protein Spike glycoprotein / Spike protein / S glycoprotein / E2 / Peplomer protein


Mass: 141574.875 Da / Num. of mol.: 3
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Gene: S, 2 / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P0DTC2
#2: Polysaccharide
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 424.401 Da / Num. of mol.: 14
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/1,2,1/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O]/1-1/a4-b1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#3: Sugar
ChemComp-NAG / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose / N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE / N-Acetylglucosamine


Type: D-saccharide, beta linking / Mass: 221.208 Da / Num. of mol.: 14 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C8H15NO6
IdentifierTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcbCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
N-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranosamineCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
b-D-GlcpNAcIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
GlcNAcSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
Has ligand of interestN

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: SARS-CoV-2 S2P spike trimer / Type: COMPLEX / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightValue: 0.42 MDa / Experimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human) / Strain: 293-F
Buffer solutionpH: 7.4
Buffer component
IDFormulaBuffer-ID
1PBS1
2acetate1
3trizma1
SpecimenConc.: 0.5 mg/ml / Embedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Specimen supportGrid material: GOLD / Grid type: Quantifoil R2/2
VitrificationInstrument: FEI VITROBOT MARK IV / Cryogen name: ETHANE / Humidity: 90 % / Chamber temperature: 277 K

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 40 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 BIOQUANTUM (6k x 4k)

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Processing

SoftwareName: PHENIX / Version: 1.12_2829: / Classification: refinement
EM software
IDNameVersionCategory
2RELION3.1image acquisition
13RELION3.13D reconstruction
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
SymmetryPoint symmetry: C1 (asymmetric)
3D reconstructionResolution: 3.2 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 252067 / Symmetry type: POINT
Atomic model buildingProtocol: BACKBONE TRACE
Refine LS restraints
Refine-IDTypeDev idealNumber
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_bond_d0.00421102
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_angle_d0.80428769
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_dihedral_angle_d6.85312352
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_chiral_restr0.0553437
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_plane_restr0.0073629

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