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- PDB-7jy5: Structure of human p97 in complex with ATPgammaS and Npl4/Ufd1 (m... -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 7jy5
TitleStructure of human p97 in complex with ATPgammaS and Npl4/Ufd1 (masked around p97)
ComponentsTransitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
KeywordsTRANSLOCASE / AAA+ ATPase Chaperon Protein homeostasis
Function / homology
Function and homology information


flavin adenine dinucleotide catabolic process / positive regulation of Lys63-specific deubiquitinase activity / positive regulation of protein K63-linked deubiquitination / protein-DNA covalent cross-linking repair / VCP-NSFL1C complex / deubiquitinase activator activity / endosome to lysosome transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway / cellular response to arsenite ion / endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced pre-emptive quality control / positive regulation of oxidative phosphorylation ...flavin adenine dinucleotide catabolic process / positive regulation of Lys63-specific deubiquitinase activity / positive regulation of protein K63-linked deubiquitination / protein-DNA covalent cross-linking repair / VCP-NSFL1C complex / deubiquitinase activator activity / endosome to lysosome transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway / cellular response to arsenite ion / endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced pre-emptive quality control / positive regulation of oxidative phosphorylation / BAT3 complex binding / Derlin-1 retrotranslocation complex / ERAD pathway / mitotic spindle disassembly / VCP-NPL4-UFD1 AAA ATPase complex / NADH metabolic process / aggresome assembly / vesicle-fusing ATPase / regulation of protein localization to chromatin / ER-associated misfolded protein catabolic process / stress granule disassembly / K48-linked polyubiquitin modification-dependent protein binding / retrograde protein transport, ER to cytosol / regulation of aerobic respiration / positive regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential / ATPase complex / regulation of synapse organization / positive regulation of ATP biosynthetic process / ubiquitin-like protein ligase binding / ubiquitin-specific protease binding / negative regulation of smoothened signaling pathway / autophagosome maturation / ATP metabolic process / RHOH GTPase cycle / polyubiquitin modification-dependent protein binding / Attachment and Entry / endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport / Protein methylation / MHC class I protein binding / HSF1 activation / translesion synthesis / interstrand cross-link repair / endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response / lipid droplet / viral genome replication / ubiquitin-dependent ERAD pathway / Josephin domain DUBs / proteasome complex / N-glycan trimming in the ER and Calnexin/Calreticulin cycle / macroautophagy / proteasomal protein catabolic process / ADP binding / Hh mutants are degraded by ERAD / Defective CFTR causes cystic fibrosis / Hedgehog ligand biogenesis / Translesion Synthesis by POLH / positive regulation of protein-containing complex assembly / ABC-family proteins mediated transport / positive regulation of protein catabolic process / double-strand break repair / establishment of protein localization / Aggrephagy / cytoplasmic stress granule / autophagy / azurophil granule lumen / positive regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process / activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process / positive regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway / site of double-strand break / Ovarian tumor domain proteases / E3 ubiquitin ligases ubiquitinate target proteins / proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process / cellular response to heat / Attachment and Entry / secretory granule lumen / protein phosphatase binding / protein ubiquitination / ficolin-1-rich granule lumen / regulation of apoptotic process / lipid binding / glutamatergic synapse / DNA repair / intracellular membrane-bounded organelle / protein domain specific binding / cellular response to DNA damage stimulus / ubiquitin protein ligase binding / endoplasmic reticulum membrane / Neutrophil degranulation / ATP hydrolysis activity / perinuclear region of cytoplasm / endoplasmic reticulum / protein-containing complex / RNA binding / extracellular exosome / extracellular region / nucleoplasm / ATP binding / identical protein binding / nucleus / cytosol
Similarity search - Function
AAA ATPase, CDC48 family / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48), N-terminal domain / CDC48, N-terminal subdomain / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48) N-terminal domain / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48) domain 2 / CDC48, domain 2 / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48), domain 2 / CDC48 domain 2-like superfamily / Vps4 oligomerisation, C-terminal / Vps4 C terminal oligomerisation domain ...AAA ATPase, CDC48 family / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48), N-terminal domain / CDC48, N-terminal subdomain / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48) N-terminal domain / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48) domain 2 / CDC48, domain 2 / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48), domain 2 / CDC48 domain 2-like superfamily / Vps4 oligomerisation, C-terminal / Vps4 C terminal oligomerisation domain / Aspartate decarboxylase-like domain superfamily / AAA ATPase, AAA+ lid domain / AAA+ lid domain / ATPase, AAA-type, conserved site / AAA-protein family signature. / ATPase family associated with various cellular activities (AAA) / ATPase, AAA-type, core / ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities / AAA+ ATPase domain / P-loop containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase
Similarity search - Domain/homology
PHOSPHOTHIOPHOSPHORIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER / Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 2.89 Å
AuthorsPan, M. / Yu, Y. / Liu, L. / Zhao, M.
CitationJournal: Nat Commun / Year: 2021
Title: Seesaw conformations of Npl4 in the human p97 complex and the inhibitory mechanism of a disulfiram derivative.
Authors: Man Pan / Qingyun Zheng / Yuanyuan Yu / Huasong Ai / Yuan Xie / Xin Zeng / Chu Wang / Lei Liu / Minglei Zhao /
Abstract: p97, also known as valosin-containing protein (VCP) or Cdc48, plays a central role in cellular protein homeostasis. Human p97 mutations are associated with several neurodegenerative diseases. ...p97, also known as valosin-containing protein (VCP) or Cdc48, plays a central role in cellular protein homeostasis. Human p97 mutations are associated with several neurodegenerative diseases. Targeting p97 and its cofactors is a strategy for cancer drug development. Despite significant structural insights into the fungal homolog Cdc48, little is known about how human p97 interacts with its cofactors. Recently, the anti-alcohol abuse drug disulfiram was found to target cancer through Npl4, a cofactor of p97, but the molecular mechanism remains elusive. Here, using single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), we uncovered three Npl4 conformational states in complex with human p97 before ATP hydrolysis. The motion of Npl4 results from its zinc finger motifs interacting with the N domain of p97, which is essential for the unfolding activity of p97. In vitro and cell-based assays showed that the disulfiram derivative bis-(diethyldithiocarbamate)-copper (CuET) can bypass the copper transporter system and inhibit the function of p97 in the cytoplasm by releasing cupric ions under oxidative conditions, which disrupt the zinc finger motifs of Npl4, locking the essential conformational switch of the complex.
History
DepositionAug 28, 2020Deposition site: RCSB / Processing site: RCSB
Revision 1.0Jan 20, 2021Provider: repository / Type: Initial release

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
B: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
C: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
D: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
E: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
F: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)543,19230
Polymers536,6216
Non-polymers6,57124
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
  • Evidence: gel filtration
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area55430 Å2
ΔGint-341 kcal/mol
Surface area180550 Å2
Noncrystallographic symmetry (NCS)NCS domain:
IDEns-IDDetails
d_1ens_1chain "D"
d_2ens_1chain "B"
d_3ens_1chain "C"
d_4ens_1chain "A"
d_5ens_1chain "E"
d_6ens_1chain "F"

NCS domain segments:
Dom-IDComponent-IDEns-IDBeg label comp-IDEnd label comp-IDLabel asym-IDLabel seq-ID
d_11ens_1LEUPHEA1 - 731
d_21ens_1LEUPHEB1 - 731
d_31ens_1LEUPHEC1 - 731
d_41ens_1LEUPHED1 - 731
d_51ens_1LEUPHEE1 - 731
d_61ens_1LEUPHEF1 - 731

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Components

#1: Protein
Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase / TER ATPase / 15S Mg(2+)-ATPase p97 subunit / Valosin-containing protein / VCP


Mass: 89436.820 Da / Num. of mol.: 6
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: VCP / Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / References: UniProt: P55072, vesicle-fusing ATPase
#2: Chemical
ChemComp-MG / MAGNESIUM ION


Mass: 24.305 Da / Num. of mol.: 12 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: Mg / Feature type: SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION
#3: Chemical
ChemComp-AGS / PHOSPHOTHIOPHOSPHORIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER / ATP-GAMMA-S / ADENOSINE 5'-(3-THIOTRIPHOSPHATE) / ADENOSINE 5'-(GAMMA-THIOTRIPHOSPHATE) / ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE MONOTHIOPHOSPHATE


Mass: 523.247 Da / Num. of mol.: 12 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C10H16N5O12P3S / Feature type: SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION / Comment: ATP-gamma-S, energy-carrying molecule analogue*YM
Has ligand of interestY

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: Human p97 in complex with ATPgammaS and Npl4/Ufd1 / Type: COMPLEX / Details: Mask around p97 / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightExperimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Source (recombinant)Organism: Escherichia coli (E. coli)
Buffer solutionpH: 7.5
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 56 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k)

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Processing

Software
NameVersionClassification
phenix.real_space_refine1.18.2_3874refinement
PHENIX1.18.2_3874refinement
EM software
IDNameVersionCategory
4CTFFIND1.4.1CTF correction
10RELION1.2final Euler assignment
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING ONLY
3D reconstructionResolution: 2.89 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 175755 / Symmetry type: POINT
Atomic model buildingProtocol: FLEXIBLE FIT / Space: REAL
RefinementCross valid method: NONE
Stereochemistry target values: GeoStd + Monomer Library + CDL v1.2
Displacement parametersBiso mean: 41.71 Å2
Refine LS restraints
Refine-IDTypeDev idealNumber
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_bond_d0.008635274
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_angle_d0.644647700
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_chiral_restr0.0525436
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_plane_restr0.00416222
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_dihedral_angle_d25.41724872
Refine LS restraints NCS
Ens-IDDom-IDAuth asym-IDRefine-IDTypeRms dev position (Å)
ens_1d_2BELECTRON MICROSCOPYNCS constraints0.000701708816875
ens_1d_3CELECTRON MICROSCOPYNCS constraints0.000701129985038
ens_1d_4AELECTRON MICROSCOPYNCS constraints0.000704196150384
ens_1d_5EELECTRON MICROSCOPYNCS constraints0.00070523801739
ens_1d_6FELECTRON MICROSCOPYNCS constraints0.000707810592861

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