[English] 日本語
Yorodumi
- PDB-4ex1: Human Insulin -

+
Open data


ID or keywords:

Loading...

-
Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 4ex1
TitleHuman Insulin
Components
  • Insulin A chain
  • Insulin B chain
KeywordsHORMONE
Function / homology
Function and homology information


Signaling by Insulin receptor / negative regulation of glycogen catabolic process / alpha-beta T cell activation / Insulin processing / IRS activation / Insulin receptor recycling / negative regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase activity / nitric oxide-cGMP-mediated signaling pathway / negative regulation of feeding behavior / negative regulation of fatty acid metabolic process ...Signaling by Insulin receptor / negative regulation of glycogen catabolic process / alpha-beta T cell activation / Insulin processing / IRS activation / Insulin receptor recycling / negative regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase activity / nitric oxide-cGMP-mediated signaling pathway / negative regulation of feeding behavior / negative regulation of fatty acid metabolic process / regulation of protein secretion / Regulation of gene expression in beta cells / positive regulation of peptide hormone secretion / positive regulation of respiratory burst / negative regulation of respiratory burst involved in inflammatory response / negative regulation of gluconeogenesis / negative regulation of reactive oxygen species biosynthetic process / positive regulation of cellular protein metabolic process / regulation of protein localization to plasma membrane / COPI-mediated anterograde transport / Regulation of insulin secretion / positive regulation of dendritic spine maintenance / Synthesis, secretion, and deacylation of Ghrelin / positive regulation of glycogen biosynthetic process / regulation of cellular amino acid metabolic process / negative regulation of oxidative stress-induced intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway / positive regulation of nitric oxide mediated signal transduction / FOXO-mediated transcription of oxidative stress, metabolic and neuronal genes / Signal attenuation / negative regulation of lipid catabolic process / negative regulation of protein secretion / positive regulation of lipid biosynthetic process / fatty acid homeostasis / endosome lumen / transport vesicle / positive regulation of insulin receptor signaling pathway / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / neuron projection maintenance / insulin-like growth factor receptor binding / positive regulation of protein autophosphorylation / positive regulation of glycolytic process / negative regulation of acute inflammatory response / regulation of transmembrane transporter activity / positive regulation of cell differentiation / Insulin receptor signalling cascade / positive regulation of mitotic nuclear division / regulation of synaptic plasticity / positive regulation of brown fat cell differentiation / cognition / regulation of protein localization / positive regulation of long-term synaptic potentiation / positive regulation of cytokine production / acute-phase response / activation of protein kinase B activity / positive regulation of glucose import / vasodilation / hormone activity / negative regulation of proteolysis / negative regulation of protein catabolic process / insulin receptor binding / positive regulation of protein localization to nucleus / insulin receptor signaling pathway / glucose metabolic process / Golgi lumen / positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity / cell-cell signaling / glucose homeostasis / wound healing / endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport / positive regulation of MAPK cascade / PI5P, PP2A and IER3 Regulate PI3K/AKT Signaling / positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling / positive regulation of cell growth / secretory granule lumen / protease binding / positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity / positive regulation of cell migration / positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling / Amyloid fiber formation / Golgi membrane / G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway / amyloid fibril formation / endoplasmic reticulum lumen / regulation of transcription, DNA-templated / positive regulation of gene expression / positive regulation of cell population proliferation / extracellular space / extracellular region / identical protein binding
Similarity search - Function
Insulin / Insulin family / Insulin-like / Insulin / insulin-like growth factor / relaxin family. / Insulin/IGF/Relaxin family / Insulin, conserved site / Insulin-like superfamily / Insulin family signature.
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
MethodX-RAY DIFFRACTION / SYNCHROTRON / MOLECULAR REPLACEMENT / molecular replacement / Resolution: 1.657 Å
AuthorsFavero-Retto, M.P. / Palmieri, L.C. / Lima, L.M.T.R.
CitationJournal: Eur J Pharm Biopharm / Year: 2013
Title: Structural meta-analysis of regular human insulin in pharmaceutical formulations.
Authors: Favero-Retto, M.P. / Palmieri, L.C. / Souza, T.A. / Almeida, F.C. / Lima, L.M.
History
DepositionApr 29, 2012Deposition site: RCSB / Processing site: RCSB
Revision 1.0May 1, 2013Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Jun 12, 2013Group: Database references
Revision 1.2Dec 18, 2013Group: Database references
Revision 1.3Nov 15, 2017Group: Refinement description / Category: software / Item: _software.name

-
Structure visualization

Structure viewerMolecule:
MolmilJmol/JSmol

Downloads & links

-
Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Insulin A chain
B: Insulin B chain
C: Insulin A chain
D: Insulin B chain
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)11,8378
Polymers11,6354
Non-polymers2024
Water2,054114
1
A: Insulin A chain
B: Insulin B chain
C: Insulin A chain
D: Insulin B chain
hetero molecules

A: Insulin A chain
B: Insulin B chain
C: Insulin A chain
D: Insulin B chain
hetero molecules

A: Insulin A chain
B: Insulin B chain
C: Insulin A chain
D: Insulin B chain
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)35,51124
Polymers34,90612
Non-polymers60512
Water21612
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_555x,y,z1
crystal symmetry operation2_555-y,x-y,z1
crystal symmetry operation3_555-x+y,-x,z1
Buried area21730 Å2
ΔGint-578 kcal/mol
Surface area10370 Å2
MethodPISA
Unit cell
γ
α
β
Length a, b, c (Å)80.670, 80.670, 33.210
Angle α, β, γ (deg.)90.000, 90.000, 120.000
Int Tables number146
Space group name H-MH3
Components on special symmetry positions
IDModelComponents
11B-101-

ZN

21B-102-

CL

31D-102-

CL

41D-223-

HOH

-
Components

#1: Protein/peptide Insulin A chain


Mass: 2383.698 Da / Num. of mol.: 2 / Fragment: UNP residues 90-110 / Source method: isolated from a natural source / Source: (natural) Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P01308
#2: Protein/peptide Insulin B chain


Mass: 3433.953 Da / Num. of mol.: 2 / Fragment: UNP residues 25-54 / Source method: isolated from a natural source / Source: (natural) Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P01308
#3: Chemical ChemComp-ZN / ZINC ION / Zinc


Mass: 65.409 Da / Num. of mol.: 2 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: Zn
#4: Chemical ChemComp-CL / CHLORIDE ION / Chloride


Mass: 35.453 Da / Num. of mol.: 2 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: Cl
#5: Water ChemComp-HOH / water / Water


Mass: 18.015 Da / Num. of mol.: 114 / Source method: isolated from a natural source / Formula: H2O

-
Experimental details

-
Experiment

ExperimentMethod: X-RAY DIFFRACTION / Number of used crystals: 1

-
Sample preparation

CrystalDensity Matthews: 1.79 Å3/Da / Density % sol: 31.18 %
Crystal growTemperature: 293 K / Method: vapor diffusion, hanging drop / pH: 5.5
Details: 2 uL 0.1 M sodium phosphate, pH 5.5, 10% w/v PEG6000 + 2 uL 100 U/mL human insulin (Betalin H, lot # 310996-1), cryoprotectant: mother liquor + 10% glycerol, VAPOR DIFFUSION, HANGING DROP, temperature 293K

-
Data collection

Diffraction sourceSource: SYNCHROTRON / Site: LNLS / Beamline: D03B-MX1
DetectorType: MAR CCD 165 mm / Detector: CCD
RadiationMonochromator: Si(111) / Protocol: SINGLE WAVELENGTH / Monochromatic (M) / Laue (L): M / Scattering type: x-ray
Radiation wavelengthRelative weight: 1
ReflectionResolution: 1.657→40.335 Å / Num. all: 9570 / Num. obs: 9570 / % possible obs: 99.9 % / Redundancy: 5.4 % / Rsym value: 0.06 / Net I/σ(I): 17.3
Reflection shell

Diffraction-ID: 1

Resolution (Å)Redundancy (%)Rmerge(I) obsMean I/σ(I) obsNum. measured allNum. unique allRsym value% possible all
1.657-1.755.20.183.8734014090.18100
1.75-1.855.20.1265.3695113270.126100
1.85-1.985.30.115.7653712330.11100
1.98-2.145.40.0827.5630711710.082100
2.14-2.345.40.096.2571210570.09100
2.34-2.625.50.0599.852289500.059100
2.62-3.035.50.04911.447968660.049100
3.03-3.715.60.05310.939947140.053100
3.71-5.245.60.04413.431065520.044100
5.24-16.7365.50.04214.216042910.04296

-
Phasing

PhasingMethod: molecular replacement
Phasing MRRfactor: 30.67 / Model details: Phaser MODE: MR_AUTO
Highest resolutionLowest resolution
Rotation2.5 Å16.74 Å
Translation2.5 Å16.74 Å

-
Processing

Software
NameVersionClassificationNB
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALA3.3.15data scaling
PHASER2.1.4phasing
REFMAC5.6.0117refinement
PDB_EXTRACT3.11data extraction
MAR345data collection
RefinementMethod to determine structure: MOLECULAR REPLACEMENT / Resolution: 1.657→40.33 Å / Cor.coef. Fo:Fc: 0.963 / Cor.coef. Fo:Fc free: 0.92 / Occupancy max: 1 / Occupancy min: 0.25 / SU B: 2.621 / SU ML: 0.09 / Cross valid method: THROUGHOUT / σ(F): 0 / ESU R: 0.125 / ESU R Free: 0.135 / Stereochemistry target values: MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD
Details: HYDROGENS HAVE BEEN USED IF PRESENT IN THE INPUT U VALUES : REFINED INDIVIDUALLY
RfactorNum. reflection% reflectionSelection details
Rfree0.2391 459 4.8 %RANDOM
Rwork0.1641 ---
obs0.1676 9564 99.83 %-
Solvent computationIon probe radii: 0.8 Å / Shrinkage radii: 0.8 Å / VDW probe radii: 1.2 Å / Solvent model: BABINET MODEL WITH MASK
Displacement parametersBiso max: 62.1 Å2 / Biso mean: 24.018 Å2 / Biso min: 13.29 Å2
Baniso -1Baniso -2Baniso -3
1-0.16 Å20.08 Å20 Å2
2--0.16 Å20 Å2
3----0.24 Å2
Refinement stepCycle: LAST / Resolution: 1.657→40.33 Å
ProteinNucleic acidLigandSolventTotal
Num. atoms804 0 4 114 922
Refine LS restraints
Refine-IDTypeDev idealDev ideal targetNumber
X-RAY DIFFRACTIONr_bond_refined_d0.0150.02919
X-RAY DIFFRACTIONr_angle_refined_deg1.9051.951258
X-RAY DIFFRACTIONr_dihedral_angle_1_deg6.7915115
X-RAY DIFFRACTIONr_dihedral_angle_2_deg32.38124.18643
X-RAY DIFFRACTIONr_dihedral_angle_3_deg13.08615146
X-RAY DIFFRACTIONr_dihedral_angle_4_deg11.166153
X-RAY DIFFRACTIONr_chiral_restr0.130.2139
X-RAY DIFFRACTIONr_gen_planes_refined0.0090.02712
LS refinement shellResolution: 1.657→1.7 Å / Total num. of bins used: 20
RfactorNum. reflection% reflection
Rfree0.243 45 -
Rwork0.174 663 -
all-708 -
obs--100 %

+
About Yorodumi

-
News

-
Aug 12, 2020. Covid-19 info

Covid-19 info

URL: https://pdbj.org/emnavi/covid19.php

New page: Covid-19 featured information page in EM Navigator.

Related info.:Covid-19 info / Mar 5, 2020. Novel coronavirus structure data

-
Mar 5, 2020. Novel coronavirus structure data

Novel coronavirus structure data

Related info.:Yorodumi Speices / Aug 12, 2020. Covid-19 info

External links:COVID-19 featured content - PDBj / Molecule of the Month (242):Coronavirus Proteases

+
Jan 31, 2019. EMDB accession codes are about to change! (news from PDBe EMDB page)

EMDB accession codes are about to change! (news from PDBe EMDB page)

  • The allocation of 4 digits for EMDB accession codes will soon come to an end. Whilst these codes will remain in use, new EMDB accession codes will include an additional digit and will expand incrementally as the available range of codes is exhausted. The current 4-digit format prefixed with “EMD-” (i.e. EMD-XXXX) will advance to a 5-digit format (i.e. EMD-XXXXX), and so on. It is currently estimated that the 4-digit codes will be depleted around Spring 2019, at which point the 5-digit format will come into force.
  • The EM Navigator/Yorodumi systems omit the EMD- prefix.

Related info.:Q: What is EMD? / ID/Accession-code notation in Yorodumi/EM Navigator

External links:EMDB Accession Codes are Changing Soon! / Contact to PDBj

+
Jul 12, 2017. Major update of PDB

Major update of PDB

  • wwPDB released updated PDB data conforming to the new PDBx/mmCIF dictionary.
  • This is a major update changing the version number from 4 to 5, and with Remediation, in which all the entries are updated.
  • In this update, many items about electron microscopy experimental information are reorganized (e.g. em_software).
  • Now, EM Navigator and Yorodumi are based on the updated data.

External links:wwPDB Remediation / Enriched Model Files Conforming to OneDep Data Standards Now Available in the PDB FTP Archive

+
Jun 16, 2017. Omokage search with filter

Omokage search with filter

Result of Omokage search can be filtered by keywords and the database types

Related info.:Omokage search

-
Yorodumi

Thousand views of thousand structures

  • Yorodumi is a browser for structure data from EMDB, PDB, SASBDB, etc.
  • This page is also the successor to EM Navigator detail page, and also detail information page/front-end page for Omokage search.
  • The word "yorodu" (or yorozu) is an old Japanese word meaning "ten thousand". "mi" (miru) is to see.

Related info.:EMDB / PDB / SASBDB / Comparison of 3 databanks / Yorodumi Search / Aug 31, 2016. New EM Navigator & Yorodumi / Yorodumi Papers / Jmol/JSmol / Function and homology information / Changes in new EM Navigator and Yorodumi

Read more