|Entry||Database: PDB / ID: 7bp8|
|Title||Human AAA+ ATPase VCP mutant - T76A, ADP-bound form|
|Components||Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase|
|Keywords||CELL CYCLE / Complex / ATPase / Unfoldase / Protein Transportation|
|Function / homology|
Function and homology information
flavin adenine dinucleotide catabolic process / positive regulation of Lys63-specific deubiquitinase activity / positive regulation of protein K63-linked deubiquitination / protein-DNA covalent cross-linking repair / VCP-NSFL1C complex / deubiquitinase activator activity / endosome to lysosome transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway / cellular response to arsenite ion / endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced pre-emptive quality control / positive regulation of oxidative phosphorylation ...flavin adenine dinucleotide catabolic process / positive regulation of Lys63-specific deubiquitinase activity / positive regulation of protein K63-linked deubiquitination / protein-DNA covalent cross-linking repair / VCP-NSFL1C complex / deubiquitinase activator activity / endosome to lysosome transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway / cellular response to arsenite ion / endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced pre-emptive quality control / positive regulation of oxidative phosphorylation / BAT3 complex binding / Derlin-1 retrotranslocation complex / ERAD pathway / mitotic spindle disassembly / VCP-NPL4-UFD1 AAA ATPase complex / NADH metabolic process / aggresome assembly / vesicle-fusing ATPase / regulation of protein localization to chromatin / ER-associated misfolded protein catabolic process / stress granule disassembly / K48-linked polyubiquitin modification-dependent protein binding / retrograde protein transport, ER to cytosol / regulation of aerobic respiration / positive regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential / ATPase complex / regulation of synapse organization / positive regulation of ATP biosynthetic process / ubiquitin-like protein ligase binding / ubiquitin-specific protease binding / negative regulation of smoothened signaling pathway / autophagosome maturation / ATP metabolic process / RHOH GTPase cycle / polyubiquitin modification-dependent protein binding / Attachment and Entry / endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport / Protein methylation / MHC class I protein binding / HSF1 activation / translesion synthesis / interstrand cross-link repair / endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response / lipid droplet / viral genome replication / ubiquitin-dependent ERAD pathway / Josephin domain DUBs / proteasome complex / N-glycan trimming in the ER and Calnexin/Calreticulin cycle / macroautophagy / proteasomal protein catabolic process / ADP binding / Hh mutants are degraded by ERAD / Defective CFTR causes cystic fibrosis / Hedgehog ligand biogenesis / Translesion Synthesis by POLH / positive regulation of protein-containing complex assembly / ABC-family proteins mediated transport / positive regulation of protein catabolic process / double-strand break repair / establishment of protein localization / Aggrephagy / cytoplasmic stress granule / autophagy / azurophil granule lumen / positive regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process / activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process / positive regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway / site of double-strand break / Ovarian tumor domain proteases / E3 ubiquitin ligases ubiquitinate target proteins / proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process / cellular response to heat / Attachment and Entry / secretory granule lumen / protein phosphatase binding / protein ubiquitination / ficolin-1-rich granule lumen / regulation of apoptotic process / lipid binding / glutamatergic synapse / DNA repair / intracellular membrane-bounded organelle / protein domain specific binding / cellular response to DNA damage stimulus / ubiquitin protein ligase binding / endoplasmic reticulum membrane / Neutrophil degranulation / ATP hydrolysis activity / perinuclear region of cytoplasm / endoplasmic reticulum / protein-containing complex / RNA binding / extracellular exosome / extracellular region / nucleoplasm / ATP binding / identical protein binding / nucleus / cytosol
Similarity search - Function
AAA ATPase, CDC48 family / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48), N-terminal domain / CDC48, N-terminal subdomain / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48) N-terminal domain / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48) domain 2 / CDC48, domain 2 / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48), domain 2 / CDC48 domain 2-like superfamily / Vps4 oligomerisation, C-terminal / Vps4 C terminal oligomerisation domain ...AAA ATPase, CDC48 family / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48), N-terminal domain / CDC48, N-terminal subdomain / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48) N-terminal domain / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48) domain 2 / CDC48, domain 2 / Cell division protein 48 (CDC48), domain 2 / CDC48 domain 2-like superfamily / Vps4 oligomerisation, C-terminal / Vps4 C terminal oligomerisation domain / Aspartate decarboxylase-like domain superfamily / AAA ATPase, AAA+ lid domain / AAA+ lid domain / ATPase, AAA-type, conserved site / AAA-protein family signature. / ATPase family associated with various cellular activities (AAA) / ATPase, AAA-type, core / ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities / AAA+ ATPase domain / P-loop containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase
Similarity search - Domain/homology
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE / Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
Similarity search - Component
|Biological species||Homo sapiens (human)|
|Method||ELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.9 Å|
|Authors||Yang, C. / Zhang, H.|
|Citation||Journal: Cell Death Differ / Year: 2022|
Title: The phosphorylation and dephosphorylation switch of VCP/p97 regulates the architecture of centrosome and spindle.
Authors: Kaiyuan Zhu / Yang Cai / Xiaotong Si / Zuodong Ye / Yuanzhu Gao / Chuang Liu / Rui Wang / Zhibin Ma / Huazhang Zhu / Liang Zhang / Shengjin Li / Hongmin Zhang / Jianbo Yue /
Abstract: The proper orientation of centrosome and spindle is essential for genome stability; however, the mechanism that governs these processes remains elusive. Here, we demonstrated that polo-like kinase 1 ...The proper orientation of centrosome and spindle is essential for genome stability; however, the mechanism that governs these processes remains elusive. Here, we demonstrated that polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1), a key mitotic kinase, phosphorylates residue Thr76 in VCP/p97 (an AAA-ATPase), at the centrosome from prophase to anaphase. This phosphorylation process recruits VCP to the centrosome and in this way, it regulates centrosome orientation. VCP exhibits strong co-localization with Eg5 (a mitotic kinesin motor), at the mitotic spindle, and the dephosphorylation of Thr76 in VCP is required for the enrichment of both VCP and Eg5 at the spindle, thus ensuring proper spindle architecture and chromosome segregation. We also showed that the phosphatase, PTEN, is responsible for the dephosphorylation of Thr76 in VCP; when PTEN was knocked down, the normal spread of VCP from the centrosome to the spindle was abolished. Cryo-EM structures of VCP and VCP, which represent dephosphorylated and phosphorylated states of VCP, respectively, revealed that the Thr76 phosphorylation modulates VCP by altering the inter-domain and inter-subunit interactions, and ultimately the nucleotide-binding pocket conformation. Interestingly, the tumor growth in nude mice implanted with VCP-reconstituted cancer cells was significantly slower when compared with those implanted with VCP-reconstituted cancer cells. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation switch of VCP regulates the architecture of centrosome and spindle for faithful chromosome segregation.
|Structure viewer||Molecule: |
Downloads & links
A: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
B: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
C: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
D: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
E: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
F: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
Mass: 89406.789 Da / Num. of mol.: 6 / Mutation: T76A
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: VCP / Plasmid: pET / Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / Variant (production host): T7 SHuffle / References: UniProt: P55072, vesicle-fusing ATPase
Mass: 427.201 Da / Num. of mol.: 12 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C10H15N5O10P2 / Feature type: SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION / Comment: ADP, energy-carrying molecule*YM
|Has ligand of interest||Y|
|Experiment||Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY|
|EM experiment||Aggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction|
|Component||Name: Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase, VCP. / Type: COMPLEX / Details: T76A mutant of VCP of ADP-bound form / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT|
|Molecular weight||Value: 97 kDa/nm / Experimental value: YES|
|Source (natural)||Organism: Homo sapiens (human) / Cellular location: cytoplasm nucleus ER|
|Source (recombinant)||Organism: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / Strain: T7 SHuffle (NEB C3026) / Plasmid: pET|
|Buffer solution||pH: 7.5|
|Specimen||Conc.: 2 mg/ml / Embedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES|
|Specimen support||Grid material: COPPER|
|Vitrification||Cryogen name: ETHANE|
-Electron microscopy imaging
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
|Microscopy||Model: FEI TITAN KRIOS|
|Electron gun||Electron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: OTHER|
|Electron lens||Mode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy|
|Image recording||Electron dose: 50 e/Å2 / Detector mode: COUNTING / Film or detector model: FEI FALCON III (4k x 4k)|
|Software||Name: PHENIX / Version: 1.16_3549: / Classification: refinement|
|CTF correction||Type: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION|
|Symmetry||Point symmetry: C6 (6 fold cyclic)|
|3D reconstruction||Resolution: 3.9 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 53858 / Symmetry type: POINT|
|Atomic model building||Protocol: RIGID BODY FIT|
|Refinement||Highest resolution: 3.9 Å|
|Refine LS restraints|
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