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- PDB-6l4a: H3-H3-H3 tri-nucleosome with the 22 base-pair linker DNA -

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Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 6l4a
TitleH3-H3-H3 tri-nucleosome with the 22 base-pair linker DNA
Components
  • (DNA (485-MER)) x 2
  • Histone H2A type 1-B/E
  • Histone H2B type 1-J
  • Histone H3.1Histone H3
  • Histone H4
KeywordsNUCLEAR PROTEIN / Chromatin / Nucleosome / Centromere
Function / homology
Function and homology information


negative regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation / Packaging Of Telomere Ends / depurination / positive regulation of histone exchange / CENP-A containing chromatin assembly / negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway / Chromatin modifying enzymes / Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected purine / Cleavage of the damaged purine / Deposition of new CENPA-containing nucleosomes at the centromere ...negative regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation / Packaging Of Telomere Ends / depurination / positive regulation of histone exchange / CENP-A containing chromatin assembly / negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway / Chromatin modifying enzymes / Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected purine / Cleavage of the damaged purine / Deposition of new CENPA-containing nucleosomes at the centromere / negative regulation of DNA recombination at telomere / DNA replication-independent chromatin assembly / telomere capping / Inhibition of DNA recombination at telomere / Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected pyrimidine / Cleavage of the damaged pyrimidine / interleukin-7-mediated signaling pathway / Meiotic synapsis / heterochromatin assembly => GO:0031507 / telomere organization / RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening / SUMOylation of chromatin organization proteins / Interleukin-7 signaling / DNA replication-dependent chromatin assembly / DNA methylation / HCMV Late Events / innate immune response in mucosa / rDNA heterochromatin assembly / SIRT1 negatively regulates rRNA expression / ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression / Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes / PRC2 methylates histones and DNA / negative regulation of gene expression, epigenetic / regulation of gene silencing / RNA Polymerase I Promoter Escape / mitotic chromosome condensation / regulation of gene silencing by miRNA / HDACs deacetylate histones / nuclear chromosome / Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs / Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ) / NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression / Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex / B-WICH complex positively regulates rRNA expression / RUNX1 regulates genes involved in megakaryocyte differentiation and platelet function / regulation of megakaryocyte differentiation / DNA-templated transcription, initiation / Metalloprotease DUBs / nucleosome assembly / Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3 / DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence / lipopolysaccharide binding / G2/M DNA damage checkpoint / RMTs methylate histone arginines / HCMV Early Events / regulation of androgen receptor signaling pathway / Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation / HDMs demethylate histones / PKMTs methylate histone lysines / Meiotic recombination / nucleosome / Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis / UCH proteinases / Transcriptional regulation of granulopoiesis / E3 ubiquitin ligases ubiquitinate target proteins / RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs / Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks / double-strand break repair / double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining / chromatin organization / Processing of DNA double-strand break ends / Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production / HATs acetylate histones / Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP) / chromosome, telomeric region / viral life cycle / killing of cells of other organism / Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence / antibacterial humoral response / Estrogen-dependent gene expression / antimicrobial humoral immune response mediated by antimicrobial peptide / Ub-specific processing proteases / blood coagulation / protein ubiquitination / cadherin binding / defense response to Gram-negative bacterium / defense response to Gram-positive bacterium / protein heterodimerization activity / Amyloid fiber formation / negative regulation of cell population proliferation / amyloid fibril formation / protein domain specific binding / protein-containing complex / RNA binding / DNA binding / extracellular space / extracellular exosome / membrane / extracellular region / nucleoplasm
Similarity search - Function
Histone H2B signature. / Histone H2B / Histone H2B / Histone H2A conserved site / Histone H2A signature. / Histone H2A, C-terminal domain / C-terminus of histone H2A / Histone H2A / Histone 2A / Histone H4 signature. ...Histone H2B signature. / Histone H2B / Histone H2B / Histone H2A conserved site / Histone H2A signature. / Histone H2A, C-terminal domain / C-terminus of histone H2A / Histone H2A / Histone 2A / Histone H4 signature. / Histone H4, conserved site / Histone H4 / Histone H4 / CENP-T/Histone H4, histone fold / Centromere kinetochore component CENP-T histone fold / TATA box binding protein associated factor / TATA box binding protein associated factor (TAF) / Histone H3 signature 1. / Histone H3 signature 2. / Histone H3 / Histone H3/CENP-A / Histone H2A/H2B/H3 / Core histone H2A/H2B/H3/H4 / Histone-fold
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Histone H4 / Histone H2B type 1-J / DNA / Histone H2A type 1-B/E / DNA (> 100) / DNA (> 10) / Histone H3.1
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
synthetic construct (others)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 12.3 Å
AuthorsTakizawa, Y. / Ho, C.-H. / Tachiwana, H. / Matsunami, H. / Ohi, M. / Wolf, M. / Kurumizaka, H.
Funding support Japan, 6items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJP18H05534 Japan
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJP17H01408 Japan
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJP17H05013 Japan
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science17H06167 Japan
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science15H05972 Japan
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJP19K06522 Japan
CitationJournal: Structure / Year: 2020
Title: Cryo-EM Structures of Centromeric Tri-nucleosomes Containing a Central CENP-A Nucleosome.
Authors: Yoshimasa Takizawa / Cheng-Han Ho / Hiroaki Tachiwana / Hideyuki Matsunami / Wataru Kobayashi / Midori Suzuki / Yasuhiro Arimura / Tetsuya Hori / Tatsuo Fukagawa / Melanie D Ohi / Matthias ...Authors: Yoshimasa Takizawa / Cheng-Han Ho / Hiroaki Tachiwana / Hideyuki Matsunami / Wataru Kobayashi / Midori Suzuki / Yasuhiro Arimura / Tetsuya Hori / Tatsuo Fukagawa / Melanie D Ohi / Matthias Wolf / Hitoshi Kurumizaka /
Abstract: The histone H3 variant CENP-A is a crucial epigenetic marker for centromere specification. CENP-A forms a characteristic nucleosome and dictates the higher-order configuration of centromeric ...The histone H3 variant CENP-A is a crucial epigenetic marker for centromere specification. CENP-A forms a characteristic nucleosome and dictates the higher-order configuration of centromeric chromatin. However, little is known about how the CENP-A nucleosome affects the architecture of centromeric chromatin. In this study, we reconstituted tri-nucleosomes mimicking a centromeric nucleosome arrangement containing the CENP-A nucleosome, and determined their 3D structures by cryoelectron microscopy. The H3-CENP-A-H3 tri-nucleosomes adopt an untwisted architecture, with an outward-facing linker DNA path between nucleosomes. This is distinct from the H3-H3-H3 tri-nucleosome architecture, with an inward-facing DNA path. Intriguingly, the untwisted architecture may allow the CENP-A nucleosome to be exposed to the solvent in the condensed chromatin model. These results provide a structural basis for understanding the 3D configuration of CENP-A-containing chromatin, and may explain how centromeric proteins can specifically target the CENP-A nucleosomes buried in robust amounts of H3 nucleosomes in centromeres.
History
DepositionOct 16, 2019Deposition site: PDBJ / Processing site: PDBJ
Revision 1.0Dec 4, 2019Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Jan 22, 2020Group: Database references / Category: citation
Item: _citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first / _citation.year

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Histone H3.1
B: Histone H4
C: Histone H2A type 1-B/E
D: Histone H2B type 1-J
E: Histone H3.1
F: Histone H4
G: Histone H2A type 1-B/E
H: Histone H2B type 1-J
I: DNA (485-MER)
J: DNA (485-MER)
K: Histone H3.1
L: Histone H4
M: Histone H2A type 1-B/E
N: Histone H2B type 1-J
O: Histone H3.1
P: Histone H4
Q: Histone H2A type 1-B/E
R: Histone H2B type 1-J
S: Histone H3.1
T: Histone H4
U: Histone H2A type 1-B/E
V: Histone H2B type 1-J
W: Histone H3.1
X: Histone H4
Y: Histone H2A type 1-B/E
Z: Histone H2B type 1-J


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)635,98526
Polymers635,98526
Non-polymers00
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
  • Evidence: assay for oligomerization
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551

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Components

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Protein , 4 types, 24 molecules AEKOSWBFLPTXCGMQUYDHNRVZ

#1: Protein
Histone H3.1 / Histone H3 / Histone H3/a / Histone H3/b / Histone H3/c / Histone H3/d / Histone H3/f / Histone H3/h / Histone ...Histone H3/a / Histone H3/b / Histone H3/c / Histone H3/d / Histone H3/f / Histone H3/h / Histone H3/i / Histone H3/j / Histone H3/k / Histone H3/l


Mass: 15719.445 Da / Num. of mol.: 6
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human)
Gene: HIST1H3A, H3FA, HIST1H3B, H3FL, HIST1H3C, H3FC, HIST1H3D, H3FB, HIST1H3E, H3FD, HIST1H3F, H3FI, HIST1H3G, H3FH, HIST1H3H, H3FK, HIST1H3I, H3FF, HIST1H3J, H3FJ
Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / References: UniProt: P68431
#2: Protein
Histone H4 /


Mass: 11676.703 Da / Num. of mol.: 6
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human)
Gene: HIST1H4A, H4/A, H4FA, HIST1H4B, H4/I, H4FI, HIST1H4C, H4/G, H4FG, HIST1H4D, H4/B, H4FB, HIST1H4E, H4/J, H4FJ, HIST1H4F, H4/C, H4FC, HIST1H4H, H4/H, H4FH, HIST1H4I, H4/M, H4FM, HIST1H4J, H4/E, ...Gene: HIST1H4A, H4/A, H4FA, HIST1H4B, H4/I, H4FI, HIST1H4C, H4/G, H4FG, HIST1H4D, H4/B, H4FB, HIST1H4E, H4/J, H4FJ, HIST1H4F, H4/C, H4FC, HIST1H4H, H4/H, H4FH, HIST1H4I, H4/M, H4FM, HIST1H4J, H4/E, H4FE, HIST1H4K, H4/D, H4FD, HIST1H4L, H4/K, H4FK, HIST2H4A, H4/N, H4F2, H4FN, HIST2H4, HIST2H4B, H4/O, H4FO, HIST4H4
Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / References: UniProt: P62805
#3: Protein
Histone H2A type 1-B/E / Histone H2A.2 / Histone H2A/a / Histone H2A/m


Mass: 14447.825 Da / Num. of mol.: 6
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: HIST1H2AB, H2AFM, HIST1H2AE, H2AFA / Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / References: UniProt: P04908
#4: Protein
Histone H2B type 1-J / Histone H2B.1 / Histone H2B.r / H2B/r


Mass: 14217.516 Da / Num. of mol.: 6
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: HIST1H2BJ, H2BFR / Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / References: UniProt: P06899

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DNA chain , 2 types, 2 molecules IJ

#5: DNA chain DNA (485-MER)


Mass: 149214.703 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Source: (synth.) synthetic construct (others)
#6: DNA chain DNA (485-MER)


Mass: 150401.328 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Source: (synth.) synthetic construct (others)

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: H3-H3-H3 tri-nucleosome with the 22 base-pair linker DNA
Type: COMPLEX / Entity ID: #1-#6 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightValue: 0.6 kDa/nm / Experimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Source (recombinant)Organism: Escherichia coli (E. coli)
Buffer solutionpH: 7.8
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Details: H3-H3-H3 tri-nucleosome with the 22 base-pair linker DNA
Specimen supportGrid material: COPPER
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Talos Arctica / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TALOS ARCTICA
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 200 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 80 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: FEI FALCON III (4k x 4k)

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Processing

SoftwareName: PHENIX / Version: (1.14_3260: phenix.real_space_refine) / Classification: refinement
EM software
IDNameVersionCategory
4CTFFIND4CTF correction
10RELION2.1initial Euler assignment
11RELION2.1final Euler assignment
12RELION2.1classification
13RELION2.13D reconstruction
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
SymmetryPoint symmetry: C2 (2 fold cyclic)
3D reconstructionResolution: 12.3 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 7312 / Symmetry type: POINT
Atomic model buildingProtocol: RIGID BODY FIT

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