|Entry||Database: EMDB / ID: 8916|
|Title||Single-particle reconstruction of reovirus T1L|
|Map data||Surface rendering of Reovirus T1L|
|Method||single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / 8.2 Å resolution|
|Authors||Snyder AJ / Wang JCY / Danthi P|
|Citation||Journal: J. Virol. / Year: 2019|
Title: Components of the Reovirus Capsid Differentially Contribute to Stability.
Authors: Anthony J Snyder / Joseph Che-Yen Wang / Pranav Danthi
Abstract: The mammalian orthoreovirus (reovirus) outer capsid is composed of 200 μ1-σ3 heterohexamers and a maximum of 12 σ1 trimers. During cell entry, σ3 is degraded by luminal or intracellular proteases ...The mammalian orthoreovirus (reovirus) outer capsid is composed of 200 μ1-σ3 heterohexamers and a maximum of 12 σ1 trimers. During cell entry, σ3 is degraded by luminal or intracellular proteases to generate the infectious subviral particle (ISVP). When ISVP formation is prevented, reovirus fails to establish a productive infection, suggesting proteolytic priming is required for entry. ISVPs are then converted to ISVP*s, which is accompanied by μ1 rearrangements. The μ1 and σ3 proteins confer resistance to inactivating agents; however, neither the impact on capsid properties nor the mechanism (or basis) of inactivation is fully understood. Here, we utilized T1L/T3D M2 and T3D/T1L S4 to investigate the determinants of reovirus stability. Both reassortants encode mismatched subunits. When μ1-σ3 were derived from different strains, virions resembled wild-type particles in structure and protease sensitivity. T1L/T3D M2 and T3D/T1L S4 ISVPs were less thermostable than wild-type ISVPs. In contrast, virions were equally susceptible to heating. Virion associated μ1 adopted an ISVP*-like conformation concurrent with inactivation; σ3 preserves infectivity by preventing μ1 rearrangements. Moreover, thermostability was enhanced by a hyperstable variant of μ1. Unlike the outer capsid, the inner capsid (core) was highly resistant to elevated temperatures. The dual layered architecture allowed for differential sensitivity to inactivating agents. Nonenveloped and enveloped viruses are exposed to the environment during transmission to a new host. Protein-protein and/or protein-lipid interactions stabilize the particle and protect the viral genome. Mammalian orthoreovirus (reovirus) is composed of two concentric, protein shells. The μ1 and σ3 proteins form the outer capsid; contacts between neighboring subunits are thought to confer resistance to inactivating agents. We further investigated the determinants of reovirus stability. The outer capsid was disrupted concurrent with the loss of infectivity; virion associated μ1 rearranged into an altered conformation. Heat sensitivity was controlled by σ3; however, particle integrity was enhanced by a single μ1 mutation. In contrast, the inner capsid (core) displayed superior resistance to heating. These findings reveal structural components that differentially contribute to reovirus stability.
|Date||Deposition: Jun 25, 2018 / Header (metadata) release: Jul 4, 2018 / Map release: Jul 4, 2018 / Last update: Jan 16, 2019|
|Structure viewer||EM map: |
Downloads & links
|File||emd_8916.map.gz (map file in CCP4 format, 256001 KB)|
|Projections & slices|
Images are generated by Spider.
|Voxel size||X=Y=Z: 2.5 Å|
CCP4 map header:
|Entire||Name: Reovirus / Number of components: 1|
-Component #1: virus, Reovirus sp.
|Virus||Name: Reovirus sp. / Class: VIRION / Empty: No / Enveloped: No / Isolate: STRAIN|
|Species||Species: Reovirus sp.|
|Source (engineered)||Expression System: Mus musculus (house mouse)|
|Specimen||Specimen state: particle / Method: cryo EM|
|Sample solution||pH: 7.4|
|Vitrification||Cryogen name: ETHANE|
-Electron microscopy imaging
|Imaging||Microscope: JEOL 3200FS|
|Electron gun||Electron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Electron dose: 2 e/Å2 / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM|
|Lens||Imaging mode: BRIGHT FIELD|
|Specimen Holder||Model: OTHER|
|Camera||Detector: DIRECT ELECTRON DE-20 (5k x 3k)|
|Processing||Method: single particle reconstruction / Number of projections: 10568|
|3D reconstruction||Resolution: 8.2 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF|
-Jan 31, 2019. EMDB accession codes are about to change! (news from PDBe EMDB page)
EMDB accession codes are about to change! (news from PDBe EMDB page)
- The allocation of 4 digits for EMDB accession codes will soon come to an end. Whilst these codes will remain in use, new EMDB accession codes will include an additional digit and will expand incrementally as the available range of codes is exhausted. The current 4-digit format prefixed with “EMD-” (i.e. EMD-XXXX) will advance to a 5-digit format (i.e. EMD-XXXXX), and so on. It is currently estimated that the 4-digit codes will be depleted around Spring 2019, at which point the 5-digit format will come into force. (see PDBe EMDB page)
- The EM Navigator/Yorodumi systems omit the EMD- prefix.
Related info.: Q: What is "EMD"? / ID/Accession-code notation in Yorodumi/EM Navigator
-Jul 12, 2017. Major update of PDB
Major update of PDB
- wwPDB released updated PDB data conforming to the new PDBx/mmCIF dictionary. This is a major update changing the version number from 4 to 5, and with Remediation, in which all the entries are updated. See below links for details.
- In this update, many items about electron microscopy experimental information are reorganized (e.g. em_software). Now, EM Navigator and Yorodumi are based on the updated data.
+Jun 16, 2017. Omokage search with filter
Omokage search with filter
- Result of Omokage search can be filtered by keywords and the database types
Related info.: Omokage search
+Sep 15, 2016. EM Navigator & Yorodumi renewed
EM Navigator & Yorodumi renewed
- New versions of EM Navigator and Yorodumi started
Related info.: Changes in new EM Navigator and Yorodumi
+Aug 31, 2016. New EM Navigator & Yorodumi
New EM Navigator & Yorodumi
- In 15th Sep 2016, the development versions of EM Navigator and Yorodumi will replace the official versions.
- Current version will continue as 'legacy version' for some time.
Related info.: Changes in new EM Navigator and Yorodumi / EM Navigator / Yorodumi
Thousand views of thousand structures
- Yorodumi is a browser for structure data from EMDB, PDB, SASBDB, etc.
- This page is also the successor to EM Navigator detail page, and also detail information page/front-end page for Omokage search.
Related info.: EMDB / PDB / SASBDB / Comparison of 3 databanks / Yorodumi Search / Aug 31, 2016. New EM Navigator & Yorodumi / Yorodumi Papers / Jmol/JSmol / Function and homology information / Changes in new EM Navigator and Yorodumi