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- EMDB-31988: Cryo-EM structure of the hexameric plasma membrane H+-ATPase in t... -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: EMDB / ID: EMD-31988
TitleCryo-EM structure of the hexameric plasma membrane H+-ATPase in the active state (pH 6.0, BeF3-, conformation 1, C1 symmetry)
Map data
SamplePlasma membrane ATPase 1:
(ligand) x 2
Function / homology
Function and homology information


P-type H+-exporting transporter / proton export across plasma membrane / proteasome storage granule assembly / P-type proton-exporting transporter activity / positive regulation of TORC1 signaling / proton transmembrane transport / regulation of intracellular pH / transmembrane transport / membrane raft / mitochondrion ...P-type H+-exporting transporter / proton export across plasma membrane / proteasome storage granule assembly / P-type proton-exporting transporter activity / positive regulation of TORC1 signaling / proton transmembrane transport / regulation of intracellular pH / transmembrane transport / membrane raft / mitochondrion / integral component of membrane / ATP binding / plasma membrane / metal ion binding / cytosol
Similarity search - Function
P-type ATPase, subfamily IIIA / Cation transporter/ATPase, N-terminus / Cation-transporting P-type ATPase, N-terminal / Cation transporter/ATPase, N-terminus / P-type ATPase, haloacid dehalogenase domain / P-type ATPase, phosphorylation site / P-type ATPase, cytoplasmic domain N / E1-E2 ATPases phosphorylation site. / P-type ATPase, A domain superfamily / P-type ATPase ...P-type ATPase, subfamily IIIA / Cation transporter/ATPase, N-terminus / Cation-transporting P-type ATPase, N-terminal / Cation transporter/ATPase, N-terminus / P-type ATPase, haloacid dehalogenase domain / P-type ATPase, phosphorylation site / P-type ATPase, cytoplasmic domain N / E1-E2 ATPases phosphorylation site. / P-type ATPase, A domain superfamily / P-type ATPase / P-type ATPase, transmembrane domain superfamily / HAD superfamily / HAD-like superfamily
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Plasma membrane ATPase 1
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast) / Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (yeast)
Methodsingle particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.8 Å
AuthorsZhao P / Zhao C / Chen D / Yun C / Li H / Bai L
Funding support China, 1 items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)32171212 China
CitationJournal: Nat Commun / Year: 2021
Title: Structure and activation mechanism of the hexameric plasma membrane H-ATPase.
Authors: Peng Zhao / Chaoran Zhao / Dandan Chen / Caihong Yun / Huilin Li / Lin Bai /
Abstract: The S. cerevisiae plasma membrane H-ATPase, Pma1, is a P3A-type ATPase and the primary protein component of the membrane compartment of Pma1 (MCP). Like other plasma membrane H-ATPases, Pma1 ...The S. cerevisiae plasma membrane H-ATPase, Pma1, is a P3A-type ATPase and the primary protein component of the membrane compartment of Pma1 (MCP). Like other plasma membrane H-ATPases, Pma1 assembles and functions as a hexamer, a property unique to this subfamily among the larger family of P-type ATPases. It has been unclear how Pma1 organizes the yeast membrane into MCP microdomains, or why it is that Pma1 needs to assemble into a hexamer to establish the membrane electrochemical proton gradient. Here we report a high-resolution cryo-EM study of native Pma1 hexamers embedded in endogenous lipids. Remarkably, we found that the Pma1 hexamer encircles a liquid-crystalline membrane domain composed of 57 ordered lipid molecules. The Pma1-encircled lipid patch structure likely serves as the building block of the MCP. At pH 7.4, the carboxyl-terminal regulatory α-helix binds to the phosphorylation domains of two neighboring Pma1 subunits, locking the hexamer in the autoinhibited state. The regulatory helix becomes disordered at lower pH, leading to activation of the Pma1 hexamer. The activation process is accompanied by a 6.7 Å downward shift and a 40° rotation of transmembrane helices 1 and 2 that line the proton translocation path. The conformational changes have enabled us to propose a detailed mechanism for ATP-hydrolysis-driven proton pumping across the plasma membrane. Our structures will facilitate the development of antifungal drugs that target this essential protein.
History
DepositionSep 21, 2021-
Header (metadata) releaseNov 24, 2021-
Map releaseNov 24, 2021-
UpdateNov 24, 2021-
Current statusNov 24, 2021Processing site: PDBj / Status: Released

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Structure visualization

Movie
  • Surface view with section colored by density value
  • Surface level: 0.014
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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  • Surface view colored by cylindrical radius
  • Surface level: 0.014
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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  • Surface view with fitted model
  • Atomic models: PDB-7vh6
  • Surface level: 0.014
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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Movie viewer
Structure viewerEM map:
SurfViewMolmilJmol/JSmol
Supplemental images

Downloads & links

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Map

FileDownload / File: emd_31988.map.gz / Format: CCP4 / Size: 103 MB / Type: IMAGE STORED AS FLOATING POINT NUMBER (4 BYTES)
Projections & slices

Image control

Size
Brightness
Contrast
Others
AxesZ (Sec.)Y (Row.)X (Col.)
1.04 Å/pix.
x 300 pix.
= 312. Å
1.04 Å/pix.
x 300 pix.
= 312. Å
1.04 Å/pix.
x 300 pix.
= 312. Å

Surface

Projections

Slices (1/3)

Slices (1/2)

Slices (2/3)

Images are generated by Spider.

Voxel sizeX=Y=Z: 1.04 Å
Density
Contour LevelBy AUTHOR: 0.012 / Movie #1: 0.014
Minimum - Maximum-0.035267442 - 0.060373202
Average (Standard dev.)0.00037118077 (±0.0022598607)
SymmetrySpace group: 1
Details

EMDB XML:

Map geometry
Axis orderXYZ
Origin000
Dimensions300300300
Spacing300300300
CellA=B=C: 312.0 Å
α=β=γ: 90.0 °

CCP4 map header:

modeImage stored as Reals
Å/pix. X/Y/Z1.041.041.04
M x/y/z300300300
origin x/y/z0.0000.0000.000
length x/y/z312.000312.000312.000
α/β/γ90.00090.00090.000
start NX/NY/NZ000
NX/NY/NZ200200200
MAP C/R/S123
start NC/NR/NS000
NC/NR/NS300300300
D min/max/mean-0.0350.0600.000

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Supplemental data

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Sample components

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Entire Plasma membrane ATPase 1

EntireName: Plasma membrane ATPase 1 / Number of Components: 4

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Component #1: protein, Plasma membrane ATPase 1

ProteinName: Plasma membrane ATPase 1 / Recombinant expression: No
MassExperimental: 99.6 MDa
SourceSpecies: Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast)

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Component #2: protein, Plasma membrane ATPase 1

ProteinName: Plasma membrane ATPase 1 / Number of Copies: 6 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 99.714023 kDa
SourceSpecies: Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (yeast)
Strain: ATCC 204508 / S288c
Source (engineered)Expression System: Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast)

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Component #3: ligand, BERYLLIUM TRIFLUORIDE ION

LigandName: BERYLLIUM TRIFLUORIDE ION / Number of Copies: 6 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 6.60070000000000105 MDa

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Component #4: ligand, (2S)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)-2-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propy...

LigandName: (2S)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)-2-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate
Number of Copies: 57 / Recombinant expression: No
MassTheoretical: 0.760076 kDa

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Experimental details

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Sample preparation

SpecimenSpecimen State: Particle / Method: cryo EM
Sample solutionpH: 7.4
VitrificationCryogen Name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
ImagingMicroscope: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron Source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating Voltage: 300 kV / Electron Dose: 1.6 e/Å2 / Illumination Mode: FLOOD BEAM
LensImaging Mode: BRIGHT FIELD
Specimen HolderModel: OTHER
CameraDetector: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k)

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Image processing

ProcessingMethod: single particle reconstruction / Number of Projections: 63661
3D reconstructionResolution: 3.8 Å / Resolution Method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF

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Atomic model buiding

Output model

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