|Entry||Database: EMDB / ID: EMD-0475|
|Title||cryoEM map of NKCC1|
|Function / homology|
Function and homology information
swim bladder inflation / cation:chloride symporter activity / sodium:chloride symporter activity / sodium:potassium:chloride symporter activity / sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity / sodium ion homeostasis / potassium:chloride symporter activity / ammonium transport / potassium ion homeostasis / chloride ion homeostasis ...swim bladder inflation / cation:chloride symporter activity / sodium:chloride symporter activity / sodium:potassium:chloride symporter activity / sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity / sodium ion homeostasis / potassium:chloride symporter activity / ammonium transport / potassium ion homeostasis / chloride ion homeostasis / cell volume homeostasis / ammonium transmembrane transporter activity / ear development / potassium ion import across plasma membrane / sodium ion transmembrane transport / chloride transmembrane transport / inner ear morphogenesis / basolateral plasma membrane / apical plasma membrane / integral component of membrane
Amino acid permease, N-terminal / SLC12A transporter, C-terminal / SLC12A transporter family / Amino acid permease/ SLC12A domain / Solute carrier family 12 member 2 / Solute carrier family 12 member 1/2
Solute carrier family 12 member 2 / Solute carrier family 12 member 2
|Biological species||Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)|
|Method||single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 4.2 Å|
|Citation||Journal: Nature / Year: 2019|
Title: Structure and mechanism of the cation-chloride cotransporter NKCC1.
Authors: Thomas A Chew / Benjamin J Orlando / Jinru Zhang / Naomi R Latorraca / Amy Wang / Scott A Hollingsworth / Dong-Hua Chen / Ron O Dror / Maofu Liao / Liang Feng /
Abstract: Cation-chloride cotransporters (CCCs) mediate the electroneutral transport of chloride, potassium and/or sodium across the membrane. They have critical roles in regulating cell volume, controlling ...Cation-chloride cotransporters (CCCs) mediate the electroneutral transport of chloride, potassium and/or sodium across the membrane. They have critical roles in regulating cell volume, controlling ion absorption and secretion across epithelia, and maintaining intracellular chloride homeostasis. These transporters are primary targets for some of the most commonly prescribed drugs. Here we determined the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the Na-K-Cl cotransporter NKCC1, an extensively studied member of the CCC family, from Danio rerio. The structure defines the architecture of this protein family and reveals how cytosolic and transmembrane domains are strategically positioned for communication. Structural analyses, functional characterizations and computational studies reveal the ion-translocation pathway, ion-binding sites and key residues for transport activity. These results provide insights into ion selectivity, coupling and translocation, and establish a framework for understanding the physiological functions of CCCs and interpreting disease-related mutations.
|Structure viewer||EM map: |
Downloads & links
|File||Download / File: emd_0475.map.gz / Format: CCP4 / Size: 40.6 MB / Type: IMAGE STORED AS FLOATING POINT NUMBER (4 BYTES)|
|Projections & slices|
Images are generated by Spider.
|Voxel size||X=Y=Z: 1.055 Å|
|Symmetry||Space group: 1|
CCP4 map header:
-Entire protein sample
|Entire||Name: protein sample / Number of components: 1|
-Component #1: cellular-component, protein sample
|Cellular-component||Name: protein sample / Recombinant expression: No|
|Source||Species: Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)|
|Source (engineered)||Expression System: Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)|
|Specimen||Specimen state: Particle / Method: cryo EM|
|Sample solution||Specimen conc.: 7.9 mg/mL / pH: 8|
|Vitrification||Instrument: LEICA EM GP / Cryogen name: ETHANE / Temperature: 293 K / Humidity: 96 %|
-Electron microscopy imaging
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
|Imaging||Microscope: FEI TITAN KRIOS|
|Electron gun||Electron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Electron dose: 53 e/Å2 / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM|
|Lens||Cs: 2.7 mm / Imaging mode: BRIGHT FIELD|
|Specimen Holder||Model: OTHER|
|Camera||Detector: GATAN K2 QUANTUM (4k x 4k)|
|Processing||Method: single particle reconstruction / Number of projections: 63659|
|3D reconstruction||Resolution: 4.2 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF|
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