|Title||CENP-C unwraps the human CENP-A nucleosome through the H2A C-terminal tail.|
|Journal, issue, pages||EMBO Rep., Vol. 20, Issue 10, Page e48913, Year 2019|
|Publish date||Oct 4, 2019|
|Authors||Ahmad Ali-Ahmad / Silvija Bilokapić / Ingmar B Schäfer / Mario Halić / Nikolina Sekulić /|
|PubMed Abstract||Centromeres are defined epigenetically by nucleosomes containing the histone H3 variant CENP-A, upon which the constitutive centromere-associated network of proteins (CCAN) is built. CENP-C is ...Centromeres are defined epigenetically by nucleosomes containing the histone H3 variant CENP-A, upon which the constitutive centromere-associated network of proteins (CCAN) is built. CENP-C is considered to be a central organizer of the CCAN. We provide new molecular insights into the structure of human CENP-A nucleosomes, in isolation and in complex with the CENP-C central region (CENP-C ), the main CENP-A binding module of human CENP-C. We establish that the short αN helix of CENP-A promotes DNA flexibility at the nucleosome ends, independently of the sequence it wraps. Furthermore, we show that, in vitro, two regions of human CENP-C (CENP-C and CENP-C ) both bind exclusively to the CENP-A nucleosome. We find CENP-C to bind with high affinity due to an extended hydrophobic area made up of CENP-A and CENP-A . Importantly, we identify two key conformational changes within the CENP-A nucleosome upon CENP-C binding. First, the loose DNA wrapping of CENP-A nucleosomes is further exacerbated, through destabilization of the H2A C-terminal tail. Second, CENP-C rigidifies the N-terminal tail of H4 in the conformation favoring H4 monomethylation, essential for a functional centromere.|
|External links||PubMed:31475439 / Publisher's page|
|Keywords||Amino Acid Sequence / Base Sequence / Centromere Protein A / Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / DNA / Histones / Humans / Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions / Models, Molecular / Nucleosomes / Protein Binding / Protein Conformation / Protein Stability / centromere protein C / NUCLEAR PROTEIN / CENP-A / nucleosome / centromere / centromeric chromatin / CCAN / CENP-C|
|Methods||EM (single particle)|
|Resolution||3.1 - 4.4 A|
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