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- PDB-7m1p: Human ABCA4 structure in the unbound state -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 7m1p
TitleHuman ABCA4 structure in the unbound state
ComponentsRetinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
KeywordsTRANSPORT PROTEIN / ABC transporter / importer / MEMBRANE PROTEIN
Function / homology
Function and homology information


rod photoreceptor disc membrane / flippase activity / N-retinylidene-phosphatidylethanolamine flippase activity / all-trans retinal binding / phospholipid transfer to membrane / phospholipid transporter activity / retinol transmembrane transporter activity / retinal metabolic process / 11-cis retinal binding / ATPase-coupled intramembrane lipid transporter activity ...rod photoreceptor disc membrane / flippase activity / N-retinylidene-phosphatidylethanolamine flippase activity / all-trans retinal binding / phospholipid transfer to membrane / phospholipid transporter activity / retinol transmembrane transporter activity / retinal metabolic process / 11-cis retinal binding / ATPase-coupled intramembrane lipid transporter activity / phototransduction, visible light / phosphatidylethanolamine flippase activity / lipid transporter activity / P-type phospholipid transporter / retinoid binding / photoreceptor cell maintenance / phospholipid translocation / retinoid metabolic process / lipid transport / Retinoid cycle disease events / The canonical retinoid cycle in rods (twilight vision) / ATPase-coupled transmembrane transporter activity / ABC-type transporter activity / photoreceptor outer segment / visual perception / photoreceptor disc membrane / ABC-family proteins mediated transport / transmembrane transport / cytoplasmic vesicle / GTPase activity / intracellular membrane-bounded organelle / ATP hydrolysis activity / endoplasmic reticulum / plasma membrane => GO:0005886 / membrane / ATP binding
Similarity search - Function
Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter / ABC transporter A / ABC transporter-like, conserved site / ABC transporters family signature. / ABC transporter / ABC transporter-like, ATP-binding domain / ATP-binding cassette, ABC transporter-type domain profile. / ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities / AAA+ ATPase domain / P-loop containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.6 Å
AuthorsScortecci, J.F. / Van Petegem, F. / Molday, R.S.
Funding support Canada, 1items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Canada
CitationJournal: Nat Commun / Year: 2021
Title: Cryo-EM structures of the ABCA4 importer reveal mechanisms underlying substrate binding and Stargardt disease.
Authors: Jessica Fernandes Scortecci / Laurie L Molday / Susan B Curtis / Fabian A Garces / Pankaj Panwar / Filip Van Petegem / Robert S Molday /
Abstract: ABCA4 is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that flips N-retinylidene-phosphatidylethanolamine (N-Ret-PE) from the lumen to the cytoplasmic leaflet of photoreceptor membranes. Loss-of-function ...ABCA4 is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that flips N-retinylidene-phosphatidylethanolamine (N-Ret-PE) from the lumen to the cytoplasmic leaflet of photoreceptor membranes. Loss-of-function mutations cause Stargardt disease (STGD1), a macular dystrophy associated with severe vision loss. To define the mechanisms underlying substrate binding and STGD1, we determine the cryo-EM structure of ABCA4 in its substrate-free and bound states. The two structures are similar and delineate an elongated protein with the two transmembrane domains (TMD) forming an outward facing conformation, extended and twisted exocytoplasmic domains (ECD), and closely opposed nucleotide binding domains. N-Ret-PE is wedged between the two TMDs and a loop from ECD1 within the lumen leaflet consistent with a lateral access mechanism and is stabilized through hydrophobic and ionic interactions with residues from the TMDs and ECDs. Our studies provide a framework for further elucidating the molecular mechanism associated with lipid transport and disease and developing promising disease interventions.
History
DepositionMar 14, 2021Deposition site: RCSB / Processing site: RCSB
Revision 1.0Sep 8, 2021Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Oct 20, 2021Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.country / _citation.journal_abbrev ..._citation.country / _citation.journal_abbrev / _citation.journal_id_CSD / _citation.journal_id_ISSN / _citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first / _citation.page_last / _citation.pdbx_database_id_DOI / _citation.pdbx_database_id_PubMed / _citation.title / _citation.year / _citation_author.identifier_ORCID / _citation_author.name

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)258,7887
Polymers256,2031
Non-polymers2,5856
Water181
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
  • Evidence: gel filtration
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551

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Components

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Protein / Non-polymers , 2 types, 2 molecules A

#1: Protein Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4 / ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 4 / RIM ABC transporter / RIM protein / RmP / Retinal- ...ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 4 / RIM ABC transporter / RIM protein / RmP / Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter / Stargardt disease protein


Mass: 256202.531 Da / Num. of mol.: 1
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: ABCA4, ABCR / Production host: Homo sapiens (human)
References: UniProt: P78363, P-type phospholipid transporter
#6: Water ChemComp-HOH / water / Water


Mass: 18.015 Da / Num. of mol.: 1 / Source method: isolated from a natural source / Formula: H2O

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Sugars , 4 types, 6 molecules

#2: Polysaccharide beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta- ...beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 586.542 Da / Num. of mol.: 1
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DManpb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/2,3,2/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O][a1122h-1b_1-5]/1-1-2/a4-b1_b4-c1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-Manp]{}}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#3: Polysaccharide alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2- ...alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 910.823 Da / Num. of mol.: 1
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DManpa1-3[DManpa1-6]DManpb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/3,5,4/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O][a1122h-1b_1-5][a1122h-1a_1-5]/1-1-2-3-3/a4-b1_b4-c1_c3-d1_c6-e1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-Manp]{[(3+1)][a-D-Manp]{}[(6+1)][a-D-Manp]{}}}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#4: Polysaccharide 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 424.401 Da / Num. of mol.: 1
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/1,2,1/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O]/1-1/a4-b1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#5: Sugar ChemComp-NAG / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose / N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE / N-Acetylglucosamine


Type: D-saccharide, beta linking / Mass: 221.208 Da / Num. of mol.: 3 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C8H15NO6
IdentifierTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcbCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
N-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranosamineCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
b-D-GlcpNAcIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
GlcNAcSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0

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Details

Has ligand of interestN

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: ABCA4 structure in the unbound state / Type: COMPLEX / Details: Recombinantly expressed human ABCA4 / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightValue: 0.25 MDa / Experimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Buffer solutionpH: 7.4
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Specimen supportGrid material: GOLD / Grid mesh size: 300 divisions/in. / Grid type: UltrAuFoil R1.2/1.3
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: OTHER
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 50 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 BIOQUANTUM (6k x 4k)

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Processing

Software
NameVersionClassificationNB
phenix.real_space_refine1.19_4092refinement
PHENIX1.19_4092refinement
EM software
IDNameVersionCategory
1cryoSPARCparticle selection
4cryoSPARC2.9CTF correction
12cryoSPARC2.9classification
13cryoSPARC3D reconstruction
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
Particle selectionNum. of particles selected: 739898
SymmetryPoint symmetry: C1 (asymmetric)
3D reconstructionResolution: 3.6 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 100459 / Symmetry type: POINT
RefinementCross valid method: NONE
Stereochemistry target values: GeoStd + Monomer Library + CDL v1.2
Displacement parametersBiso mean: 59.16 Å2
Refine LS restraints
Refine-IDTypeDev idealNumber
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_bond_d0.002413813
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_angle_d0.544218958
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_chiral_restr0.04132319
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_plane_restr0.00452438
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_dihedral_angle_d6.66022116

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