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- PDB-7dpa: Cryo-EM structure of the human ELMO1-DOCK5-Rac1 complex -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 7dpa
TitleCryo-EM structure of the human ELMO1-DOCK5-Rac1 complex
Components
  • Dedicator of cytokinesis protein 5
  • Engulfment and cell motility protein 1ELMO1
  • Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1
KeywordsSIGNALING PROTEIN / ELMO / DOCK / GEF / GTPASE / RHO / RAC
Function / homology
Function and homology information


negative regulation of vascular associated smooth muscle contraction / regulation of respiratory burst / regulation of neutrophil migration / negative regulation of interleukin-23 production / localization within membrane / Activated NTRK2 signals through CDK5 / NADPH oxidase complex / negative regulation of receptor-mediated endocytosis / engulfment of apoptotic cell / regulation of hydrogen peroxide metabolic process ...negative regulation of vascular associated smooth muscle contraction / regulation of respiratory burst / regulation of neutrophil migration / negative regulation of interleukin-23 production / localization within membrane / Activated NTRK2 signals through CDK5 / NADPH oxidase complex / negative regulation of receptor-mediated endocytosis / engulfment of apoptotic cell / regulation of hydrogen peroxide metabolic process / ruffle assembly / NTRK2 activates RAC1 / Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor binding / positive regulation of vascular associated smooth muscle cell migration / Inactivation of CDC42 and RAC1 / WNT5:FZD7-mediated leishmania damping / guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor complex / respiratory burst / SEMA3A-Plexin repulsion signaling by inhibiting Integrin adhesion / PCP/CE pathway / cell projection assembly / RHO GTPases activate CIT / RHO GTPases activate KTN1 / cortical cytoskeleton organization / ruffle organization / hepatocyte growth factor receptor signaling pathway / positive regulation of neutrophil chemotaxis / regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process / Azathioprine ADME / regulation of stress fiber assembly / negative regulation of fibroblast migration / sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor signaling pathway / thioesterase binding / Wnt signaling pathway, planar cell polarity pathway / regulation of lamellipodium assembly / Nef and signal transduction / motor neuron axon guidance / Sema4D mediated inhibition of cell attachment and migration / Activation of RAC1 / positive regulation of Rho protein signal transduction / positive regulation of cell-substrate adhesion / Ephrin signaling / MET activates RAP1 and RAC1 / DCC mediated attractive signaling / CD28 dependent Vav1 pathway / lamellipodium assembly / Activation of RAC1 downstream of NMDARs / semaphorin-plexin signaling pathway / NRAGE signals death through JNK / regulation of cell size / Rac protein signal transduction / DSCAM interactions / positive regulation of lamellipodium assembly / establishment or maintenance of cell polarity / positive regulation of epithelial cell migration / small GTPase mediated signal transduction / RHO GTPases activate PAKs / ficolin-1-rich granule membrane / regulation of catalytic activity / positive regulation of focal adhesion assembly / Sema3A PAK dependent Axon repulsion / EPH-ephrin mediated repulsion of cells / RHO GTPases activate IQGAPs / anatomical structure morphogenesis / PTK6 Regulates RHO GTPases, RAS GTPase and MAP kinases / RHO GTPases Activate WASPs and WAVEs / RHO GTPases Activate NADPH Oxidases / RHO GTPases activate PKNs / localization / regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization / GPVI-mediated activation cascade / EPHB-mediated forward signaling / positive regulation of microtubule polymerization / G protein activity / positive regulation of stress fiber assembly / positive regulation of substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading / regulation of cell migration / RAC1 GTPase cycle / neuron migration / actin filament polymerization / GTPase activator activity / small monomeric GTPase / guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity / cell-matrix adhesion / substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading / cell motility / actin filament organization / phagocytosis, engulfment / secretory granule membrane / RHO GTPases Activate Formins / VEGFR2 mediated vascular permeability / Translocation of SLC2A4 (GLUT4) to the plasma membrane / positive regulation of endothelial cell migration / Signal transduction by L1 / cell projection / FCERI mediated MAPK activation / MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling / FCGR3A-mediated phagocytosis / Signaling by SCF-KIT / trans-Golgi network
Similarity search - Function
: / Dedicator of cytokinesis protein 5 / Engulfment and cell motility protein 1 / Dedicator of cytokinesis, N-terminal domain / Dedicator of cytokinesis, N-terminal, subdomain 1 / DOCK N-terminus / ELMO domain / ELMO/CED-12 family / ELMO domain profile. / ELMO, armadillo-like helical domain ...: / Dedicator of cytokinesis protein 5 / Engulfment and cell motility protein 1 / Dedicator of cytokinesis, N-terminal domain / Dedicator of cytokinesis, N-terminal, subdomain 1 / DOCK N-terminus / ELMO domain / ELMO/CED-12 family / ELMO domain profile. / ELMO, armadillo-like helical domain / ELMO, armadillo-like helical domain / Dedicator of cytokinesis / C2 DOCK-type domain / DOCKER domain / Dedicator of cytokinesis, C-terminal, lobe A / Dedicator of cytokinesis, C-terminal, lobe C / DHR-2, Lobe A / C2 domain in Dock180 and Zizimin proteins / C2 DOCK-type domain profile. / DOCKER domain profile. / Pleckstrin homology domain / small GTPase Rho family profile. / Small GTPase Rho / C2 domain superfamily / Rho (Ras homology) subfamily of Ras-like small GTPases / Pleckstrin homology domain / Small GTPase / Ras family / SH3 domain / Src homology 3 domains / Armadillo-like helical / SH3-like domain superfamily / Src homology 3 (SH3) domain profile. / SH3 domain / Small GTP-binding protein domain / PH-like domain superfamily / Armadillo-type fold / P-loop containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 / Engulfment and cell motility protein 1 / Dedicator of cytokinesis protein 5
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.8 Å
AuthorsKukimoto-Niino, M. / Katsura, K. / Kaushik, R. / Ehara, H. / Yokoyama, T. / Uchikubo-Kamo, T. / Mishima-Tsumagari, C. / Yonemochi, M. / Ikeda, M. / Hanada, K. ...Kukimoto-Niino, M. / Katsura, K. / Kaushik, R. / Ehara, H. / Yokoyama, T. / Uchikubo-Kamo, T. / Mishima-Tsumagari, C. / Yonemochi, M. / Ikeda, M. / Hanada, K. / Zhang, K.Y.J. / Shirouzu, M.
CitationJournal: Sci Adv / Year: 2021
Title: Cryo-EM structure of the human ELMO1-DOCK5-Rac1 complex.
Authors: Mutsuko Kukimoto-Niino / Kazushige Katsura / Rahul Kaushik / Haruhiko Ehara / Takeshi Yokoyama / Tomomi Uchikubo-Kamo / Reiko Nakagawa / Chiemi Mishima-Tsumagari / Mayumi Yonemochi / Mariko ...Authors: Mutsuko Kukimoto-Niino / Kazushige Katsura / Rahul Kaushik / Haruhiko Ehara / Takeshi Yokoyama / Tomomi Uchikubo-Kamo / Reiko Nakagawa / Chiemi Mishima-Tsumagari / Mayumi Yonemochi / Mariko Ikeda / Kazuharu Hanada / Kam Y J Zhang / Mikako Shirouzu /
Abstract: The dedicator of cytokinesis (DOCK) family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) promotes cell motility, phagocytosis, and cancer metastasis through activation of Rho guanosine ...The dedicator of cytokinesis (DOCK) family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) promotes cell motility, phagocytosis, and cancer metastasis through activation of Rho guanosine triphosphatases. Engulfment and cell motility (ELMO) proteins are binding partners of DOCK and regulate Rac activation. Here, we report the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the active ELMO1-DOCK5 complex bound to Rac1 at 3.8-Å resolution. The C-terminal region of ELMO1, including the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, aids in the binding of the catalytic DOCK homology region 2 (DHR-2) domain of DOCK5 to Rac1 in its nucleotide-free state. A complex α-helical scaffold between ELMO1 and DOCK5 stabilizes the binding of Rac1. Mutagenesis studies revealed that the PH domain of ELMO1 enhances the GEF activity of DOCK5 through specific interactions with Rac1. The structure provides insights into how ELMO modulates the biochemical activity of DOCK and how Rac selectivity is achieved by ELMO.
History
DepositionDec 18, 2020Deposition site: PDBJ / Processing site: PDBJ
Revision 1.0Aug 4, 2021Provider: repository / Type: Initial release

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Dedicator of cytokinesis protein 5
B: Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1
C: Engulfment and cell motility protein 1
D: Dedicator of cytokinesis protein 5
E: Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1
F: Engulfment and cell motility protein 1


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)592,1486
Polymers592,1486
Non-polymers00
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
  • Evidence: gel filtration
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area19280 Å2
ΔGint-114 kcal/mol
Surface area205930 Å2

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Components

#1: Protein Dedicator of cytokinesis protein 5


Mass: 191492.125 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: DOCK5 / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: Q9H7D0
#2: Protein Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 / Cell migration-inducing gene 5 protein / Ras-like protein TC25 / p21-Rac1


Mass: 20244.258 Da / Num. of mol.: 2 / Mutation: G15A
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: RAC1, TC25, MIG5 / Production host: Escherichia coli (E. coli) / References: UniProt: P63000, small monomeric GTPase
#3: Protein Engulfment and cell motility protein 1 / ELMO1 / Protein ced-12 homolog


Mass: 84337.719 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Gene: ELMO1, KIAA0281 / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: Q92556

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: ELMO1-DOCK5-Rac1 / Type: COMPLEX / Entity ID: all / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightExperimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Buffer solutionpH: 8
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Specimen supportGrid material: COPPER / Grid mesh size: 300 divisions/in. / Grid type: Quantifoil R1.2/1.3
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE / Humidity: 100 %

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: OTHER
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy / Calibrated magnification: 105000 X / Calibrated defocus min: 0.5 nm / Calibrated defocus max: 3 nm
Image recordingElectron dose: 60 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 (6k x 4k)

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Processing

EM software
IDNameVersionCategory
1RELION3particle selection
4CTFFIND4CTF correction
7Cootmodel fitting
9RELION3initial Euler assignment
10RELION3final Euler assignment
11RELION3classification
12RELION3.13D reconstruction
13PHENIX1.18.2model refinement
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
Particle selectionNum. of particles selected: 2145777
SymmetryPoint symmetry: C2 (2 fold cyclic)
3D reconstructionResolution: 3.8 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 149846 / Num. of class averages: 1 / Symmetry type: POINT

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