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- PDB-6zp7: SARS-CoV-2 spike in prefusion state (flexibility analysis, 1-up o... -

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Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 6zp7
TitleSARS-CoV-2 spike in prefusion state (flexibility analysis, 1-up open conformation)
ComponentsSpike glycoproteinPeplomer
KeywordsVIRAL PROTEIN / Spike / Prefusion / Flexibility / Open
Function / homology
Function and homology information


Translation of structural proteins / Maturation of spike protein / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / Attachment and Entry / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / viral translation / host cell surface receptor binding ...Translation of structural proteins / Maturation of spike protein / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / Attachment and Entry / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / viral translation / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / endocytic vesicle membrane / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / viral protein processing / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / viral envelope / viral entry into host cell / : / endoplasmic reticulum lumen / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Similarity search - Function
Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / : ...Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / : / Betacoronavirus-like spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S2 / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus
Similarity search - Domain/homology
alpha-D-mannopyranose / Spike glycoprotein
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.3 Å
AuthorsMartinez, M. / Marabini, R. / Carazo, J.M.
Funding support Spain, European Union, United States, 5items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Spanish National Research CouncilPIE/COVID-19 202020E079 Spain
Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation, and UniversitiesSEV 2017-0712 Spain
European Research Council (ERC)ERC - 2018 - SyG, Proposal: 810057European Union
National Institutes of Health/National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM)GM125769 United States
National Institutes of Health/National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM)R01-AI127521 United States
Citation
Journal: IUCrJ / Year: 2020
Title: Continuous flexibility analysis of SARS-CoV-2 spike prefusion structures.
Authors: Roberto Melero / Carlos Oscar S Sorzano / Brent Foster / José-Luis Vilas / Marta Martínez / Roberto Marabini / Erney Ramírez-Aportela / Ruben Sanchez-Garcia / David Herreros / Laura Del ...Authors: Roberto Melero / Carlos Oscar S Sorzano / Brent Foster / José-Luis Vilas / Marta Martínez / Roberto Marabini / Erney Ramírez-Aportela / Ruben Sanchez-Garcia / David Herreros / Laura Del Caño / Patricia Losana / Yunior C Fonseca-Reyna / Pablo Conesa / Daniel Wrapp / Pablo Chacon / Jason S McLellan / Hemant D Tagare / Jose-Maria Carazo /
Abstract: Using a new consensus-based image-processing approach together with principal component analysis, the flexibility and conformational dynamics of the SARS-CoV-2 spike in the prefusion state have been ...Using a new consensus-based image-processing approach together with principal component analysis, the flexibility and conformational dynamics of the SARS-CoV-2 spike in the prefusion state have been analysed. These studies revealed concerted motions involving the receptor-binding domain (RBD), N-terminal domain, and subdomains 1 and 2 around the previously characterized 1-RBD-up state, which have been modeled as elastic deformations. It is shown that in this data set there are not well defined, stable spike conformations, but virtually a continuum of states. An ensemble map was obtained with minimum bias, from which the extremes of the change along the direction of maximal variance were modeled by flexible fitting. The results provide a warning of the potential image-processing classification instability of these complicated data sets, which has a direct impact on the interpretability of the results.
#1: Journal: bioRxiv / Year: 2020
Title: Continuous flexibility analysis of SARS-CoV-2 Spike prefusion structures.
Authors: Roberto Melero / Carlos Oscar S Sorzano / Brent Foster / José-Luis Vilas / Marta Martínez / Roberto Marabini / Erney Ramírez-Aportela / Ruben Sanchez-Garcia / David Herreros / Laura Del ...Authors: Roberto Melero / Carlos Oscar S Sorzano / Brent Foster / José-Luis Vilas / Marta Martínez / Roberto Marabini / Erney Ramírez-Aportela / Ruben Sanchez-Garcia / David Herreros / Laura Del Caño / Patricia Losana / Yunior C Fonseca-Reyna / Pablo Conesa / Daniel Wrapp / Pablo Chacon / Jason S McLellan / Hemant D Tagare / Jose-Maria Carazo /
Abstract: With the help of novel processing workflows and algorithms, we have obtained a better understanding of the flexibility and conformational dynamics of the SARS-CoV-2 spike in the prefusion state. We ...With the help of novel processing workflows and algorithms, we have obtained a better understanding of the flexibility and conformational dynamics of the SARS-CoV-2 spike in the prefusion state. We have re-analyzed previous cryo-EM data combining 3D clustering approaches with ways to explore a continuous flexibility space based on 3D Principal Component Analysis. These advanced analyses revealed a concerted motion involving the receptor-binding domain (RBD), N-terminal domain (NTD), and subdomain 1 and 2 (SD1 & SD2) around the previously characterized 1-RBD-up state, which have been modeled as elastic deformations. We show that in this dataset there are not well-defined, stable, spike conformations, but virtually a continuum of states moving in a concerted fashion. We obtained an improved resolution ensemble map with minimum bias, from which we model by flexible fitting the extremes of the change along the direction of maximal variance. Moreover, a high-resolution structure of a recently described biochemically stabilized form of the spike is shown to greatly reduce the dynamics observed for the wild-type spike. Our results provide new detailed avenues to potentially restrain the spike dynamics for structure-based drug and vaccine design and at the same time give a warning of the potential image processing classification instability of these complicated datasets, having a direct impact on the interpretability of the results.
History
DepositionJul 8, 2020Deposition site: PDBE / Processing site: PDBE
Revision 1.0Jul 29, 2020Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 2.0Feb 3, 2021Group: Advisory / Atomic model ...Advisory / Atomic model / Data collection / Database references / Derived calculations / Polymer sequence / Source and taxonomy / Structure summary
Category: atom_site / citation ...atom_site / citation / citation_author / database_PDB_caveat / entity / entity_poly / entity_poly_seq / entity_src_gen / pdbx_nonpoly_scheme / pdbx_poly_seq_scheme / pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_residues / pdbx_validate_chiral / pdbx_validate_close_contact / struct_conn / struct_ref / struct_ref_seq / struct_ref_seq_dif
Item: _atom_site.auth_seq_id / _database_PDB_caveat.text ..._atom_site.auth_seq_id / _database_PDB_caveat.text / _entity.formula_weight / _entity_poly.pdbx_seq_one_letter_code / _entity_poly.pdbx_seq_one_letter_code_can / _entity_src_gen.pdbx_end_seq_num / _pdbx_nonpoly_scheme.pdb_seq_num / _pdbx_validate_chiral.auth_seq_id / _struct_ref.pdbx_seq_one_letter_code / _struct_ref_seq.db_align_end / _struct_ref_seq.pdbx_auth_seq_align_end / _struct_ref_seq.seq_align_end
Revision 3.0May 19, 2021Group: Advisory / Atomic model ...Advisory / Atomic model / Data collection / Database references / Derived calculations / Polymer sequence / Structure summary
Category: atom_site / entity_poly ...atom_site / entity_poly / pdbx_nonpoly_scheme / pdbx_poly_seq_scheme / pdbx_struct_sheet_hbond / pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_residues / pdbx_validate_chiral / pdbx_validate_close_contact / pdbx_validate_polymer_linkage / pdbx_validate_rmsd_angle / pdbx_validate_torsion / struct_conf / struct_conn / struct_ref_seq / struct_ref_seq_dif / struct_sheet_range
Item: _atom_site.auth_asym_id / _atom_site.auth_seq_id ..._atom_site.auth_asym_id / _atom_site.auth_seq_id / _entity_poly.pdbx_strand_id / _pdbx_nonpoly_scheme.pdb_seq_num / _pdbx_nonpoly_scheme.pdb_strand_id / _pdbx_poly_seq_scheme.pdb_ins_code / _pdbx_poly_seq_scheme.pdb_seq_num / _pdbx_poly_seq_scheme.pdb_strand_id / _pdbx_struct_sheet_hbond.range_1_auth_asym_id / _pdbx_struct_sheet_hbond.range_1_auth_seq_id / _pdbx_struct_sheet_hbond.range_2_auth_asym_id / _pdbx_struct_sheet_hbond.range_2_auth_seq_id / _pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_residues.PDB_ins_code / _pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_residues.auth_asym_id / _pdbx_unobs_or_zero_occ_residues.auth_seq_id / _pdbx_validate_chiral.auth_asym_id / _pdbx_validate_close_contact.auth_asym_id_1 / _pdbx_validate_close_contact.auth_asym_id_2 / _pdbx_validate_close_contact.auth_seq_id_1 / _pdbx_validate_close_contact.auth_seq_id_2 / _pdbx_validate_polymer_linkage.auth_seq_id_1 / _pdbx_validate_polymer_linkage.auth_seq_id_2 / _pdbx_validate_rmsd_angle.auth_asym_id_1 / _pdbx_validate_rmsd_angle.auth_asym_id_2 / _pdbx_validate_rmsd_angle.auth_asym_id_3 / _pdbx_validate_rmsd_angle.auth_seq_id_1 / _pdbx_validate_rmsd_angle.auth_seq_id_2 / _pdbx_validate_rmsd_angle.auth_seq_id_3 / _pdbx_validate_torsion.auth_asym_id / _pdbx_validate_torsion.auth_seq_id / _struct_conf.beg_auth_asym_id / _struct_conf.beg_auth_seq_id / _struct_conf.end_auth_asym_id / _struct_conf.end_auth_seq_id / _struct_conn.ptnr1_auth_asym_id / _struct_conn.ptnr1_auth_seq_id / _struct_conn.ptnr2_auth_asym_id / _struct_conn.ptnr2_auth_seq_id / _struct_ref_seq.pdbx_auth_seq_align_beg / _struct_ref_seq.pdbx_auth_seq_align_end / _struct_ref_seq.pdbx_strand_id / _struct_ref_seq_dif.pdbx_auth_seq_num / _struct_ref_seq_dif.pdbx_pdb_ins_code / _struct_ref_seq_dif.pdbx_pdb_strand_id / _struct_sheet_range.beg_auth_asym_id / _struct_sheet_range.beg_auth_seq_id / _struct_sheet_range.end_auth_asym_id / _struct_sheet_range.end_auth_seq_id

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Spike glycoprotein
C: Spike glycoprotein
B: Spike glycoprotein
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)445,66653
Polymers427,1983
Non-polymers18,46750
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author&software
  • Evidence: microscopy
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area45250 Å2
ΔGint52 kcal/mol
Surface area138200 Å2
MethodPISA

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Components

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Protein / Non-polymers , 2 types, 6 molecules ACB

#1: Protein Spike glycoprotein / Peplomer / S glycoprotein / E2 / Peplomer protein


Mass: 142399.375 Da / Num. of mol.: 3 / Mutation: K986P, V987P
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Gene: S, 2 / Plasmid: palphaH / Cell line (production host): FreeStyle293F / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P0DTC2
#8: Chemical ChemComp-DMS / DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE / Dimethyl sulfoxide


Mass: 78.133 Da / Num. of mol.: 3 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C2H6OS / Comment: DMSO, precipitant*YM

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Sugars , 6 types, 47 molecules

#2: Polysaccharide
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 424.401 Da / Num. of mol.: 16
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/1,2,1/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O]/1-1/a4-b1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(1+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#3: Polysaccharide
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1- ...alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 748.682 Da / Num. of mol.: 4
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DManpa1-3DManpb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/3,4,3/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O][a1122h-1b_1-5][a1122h-1a_1-5]/1-1-2-3/a4-b1_b4-c1_c3-d1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(1+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-Manp]{[(3+1)][a-D-Manp]{}}}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#4: Polysaccharide
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta- ...beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 586.542 Da / Num. of mol.: 6
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DManpb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/2,3,2/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O][a1122h-1b_1-5]/1-1-2/a4-b1_b4-c1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(1+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-Manp]{}}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#5: Polysaccharide beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-6)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta- ...beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-6)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 586.542 Da / Num. of mol.: 1
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DManpb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-6DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/2,3,2/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O][a1122h-1b_1-5]/1-1-2/a6-b1_b4-c1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(1+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(6+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-Manp]{}}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#6: Sugar
ChemComp-NAG / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose / N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE / N-Acetylglucosamine


Type: D-saccharide, beta linking / Mass: 221.208 Da / Num. of mol.: 18
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Formula: C8H15NO6
IdentifierTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcbCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
N-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranosamineCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
b-D-GlcpNAcIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
GlcNAcSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
#7: Sugar ChemComp-MAN / alpha-D-mannopyranose / alpha-D-mannose / D-mannose / mannose / Mannose


Type: D-saccharide, alpha linking / Mass: 180.156 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Formula: C6H12O6
IdentifierTypeProgram
DManpaCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
a-D-mannopyranoseCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
a-D-ManpIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
ManSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0

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Details

Has ligand of interestN

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: SARS-CoV-2 spike in prefusion state (flexibility analysis, 1-up open conformation)
Type: COMPLEX / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Source (natural)Organism: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human) / Cell: FreeStyle293F / Plasmid: palphaH
Buffer solutionpH: 8
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 36 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 (6k x 4k)

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Processing

EM software
IDNameCategoryDetails
2Leginonimage acquisition
7iMODFITmodel fittingFlexible fitting
11RELIONclassification
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
3D reconstructionResolution: 3.3 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 21000 / Num. of class averages: 1 / Symmetry type: POINT
Atomic model buildingProtocol: FLEXIBLE FIT
Details: Atomic structure 6ZOW was flexibly fitted to the map.
Atomic model buildingPDB-ID: 6ZOW

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