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- PDB-5oyi: FMDV A10 dissociated pentamer -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 5oyi
TitleFMDV A10 dissociated pentamer
Components(Genome polyprotein) x 3
KeywordsVIRAL PROTEIN / A10 / FMDV / Pentamer / CryoEM / virus
Function / homology
Function and homology information


L-peptidase / modulation by virus of host chromatin organization / suppression by virus of host translation initiation factor activity / picornain 3C / T=pseudo3 icosahedral viral capsid / host cell cytoplasmic vesicle membrane / RNA-protein covalent cross-linking / nucleoside-triphosphatase activity / integral to membrane of host cell / pore formation by virus in membrane of host cell ...L-peptidase / modulation by virus of host chromatin organization / suppression by virus of host translation initiation factor activity / picornain 3C / T=pseudo3 icosahedral viral capsid / host cell cytoplasmic vesicle membrane / RNA-protein covalent cross-linking / nucleoside-triphosphatase activity / integral to membrane of host cell / pore formation by virus in membrane of host cell / nucleoside-triphosphate phosphatase / protein complex oligomerization / regulation of translation / positive stranded viral RNA replication / ion channel activity / viral protein processing / clathrin-dependent endocytosis of virus by host cell / RNA helicase activity / induction by virus of host autophagy / RNA-directed RNA polymerase / cysteine-type endopeptidase activity / viral RNA genome replication / RNA-directed 5'-3' RNA polymerase activity / virion attachment to host cell / transcription, DNA-templated / structural molecule activity / RNA binding / membrane / ATP binding
Similarity search - Function
Aphthovirus leader protease (L(pro)) domain profile. / Foot-and-mouth virus L-proteinase / Peptidase C28, foot-and-mouth virus L-proteinase / Foot-and-mouth disease virus VP1 coat / Viral protein VP4 subunit / Capsid protein VP4, Picornavirus / Capsid protein VP4 superfamily, Picornavirus / Helicase/polymerase/peptidase polyprotein, Calicivirus-type / Picornavirales 3C/3C-like protease domain / Picornavirales 3C/3C-like protease domain profile. ...Aphthovirus leader protease (L(pro)) domain profile. / Foot-and-mouth virus L-proteinase / Peptidase C28, foot-and-mouth virus L-proteinase / Foot-and-mouth disease virus VP1 coat / Viral protein VP4 subunit / Capsid protein VP4, Picornavirus / Capsid protein VP4 superfamily, Picornavirus / Helicase/polymerase/peptidase polyprotein, Calicivirus-type / Picornavirales 3C/3C-like protease domain / Picornavirales 3C/3C-like protease domain profile. / 3C cysteine protease (picornain 3C) / Peptidase C3A/C3B, picornaviral / picornavirus capsid protein / Picornavirus capsid / Helicase, superfamily 3, single-stranded RNA virus / Superfamily 3 helicase of positive ssRNA viruses domain profile. / Helicase, superfamily 3, single-stranded DNA/RNA virus / RNA helicase / Picornavirus/Calicivirus coat protein / Papain-like cysteine peptidase superfamily / Viral coat protein subunit / RNA-directed RNA polymerase, C-terminal domain / Viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase / RNA-directed RNA polymerase, catalytic domain / RdRp of positive ssRNA viruses catalytic domain profile. / Reverse transcriptase/Diguanylate cyclase domain / Peptidase S1, PA clan, chymotrypsin-like fold / DNA/RNA polymerase superfamily / Peptidase S1, PA clan / P-loop containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Biological speciesFoot-and-mouth disease virus
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 8.2 Å
AuthorsKotecha, A. / Malik, N. / Stuart, D.I.
Funding support United Kingdom, 1items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Medical Research Council (United Kingdom)G1000099, G1100525/1 United Kingdom
CitationJournal: PLoS Pathog / Year: 2017
Title: Structures of foot and mouth disease virus pentamers: Insight into capsid dissociation and unexpected pentamer reassociation.
Authors: Nayab Malik / Abhay Kotecha / Sarah Gold / Amin Asfor / Jingshan Ren / Juha T Huiskonen / Tobias J Tuthill / Elizabeth E Fry / David I Stuart /
Abstract: Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) belongs to the Aphthovirus genus of the Picornaviridae, a family of small, icosahedral, non-enveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses. It is a highly infectious ...Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) belongs to the Aphthovirus genus of the Picornaviridae, a family of small, icosahedral, non-enveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses. It is a highly infectious pathogen and is one of the biggest hindrances to the international trade of animals and animal products. FMDV capsids (which are unstable below pH6.5) release their genome into the host cell from an acidic compartment, such as that of an endosome, and in the process dissociate into pentamers. Whilst other members of the family (enteroviruses) have been visualized to form an expanded intermediate capsid with holes from which inner capsid proteins (VP4), N-termini (VP1) and RNA can be released, there has been no visualization of any such state for an aphthovirus, instead the capsid appears to simply dissociate into pentamers. Here we present the 8-Å resolution structure of isolated dissociated pentamers of FMDV, lacking VP4. We also found these pentamers to re-associate into a rigid, icosahedrally symmetric assembly, which enabled their structure to be solved at higher resolution (5.2 Å). In this assembly, the pentamers unexpectedly associate 'inside out', but still with their exposed hydrophobic edges buried. Stabilizing interactions occur between the HI loop of VP2 and its symmetry related partners at the icosahedral 3-fold axes, and between the BC and EF loops of VP3 with the VP2 βB-strand and the CD loop at the 2-fold axes. A relatively extensive but subtle structural rearrangement towards the periphery of the dissociated pentamer compared to that in the mature virus provides insight into the mechanism of dissociation of FMDV and the marked difference in antigenicity.
History
DepositionSep 9, 2017Deposition site: PDBE / Processing site: PDBE
Revision 1.0Sep 20, 2017Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Oct 4, 2017Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author
Item: _citation.country / _citation.journal_abbrev ..._citation.country / _citation.journal_abbrev / _citation.journal_id_CSD / _citation.journal_id_ISSN / _citation.journal_volume / _citation.page_first / _citation.page_last / _citation.pdbx_database_id_DOI / _citation.pdbx_database_id_PubMed / _citation.title / _citation.year / _citation_author.name
Revision 1.2Jan 31, 2018Group: Author supporting evidence / Data processing / Refinement description
Category: em_3d_fitting / em_software / pdbx_audit_support
Item: _em_3d_fitting.target_criteria / _em_software.name / _pdbx_audit_support.funding_organization
Revision 1.3Oct 3, 2018Group: Advisory / Data collection / Derived calculations / Category: pdbx_validate_close_contact / struct_conn

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Structure visualization

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  • Deposited structure unit
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Structure viewerMolecule:
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Assembly

Deposited unit
1: Genome polyprotein
2: Genome polyprotein
3: Genome polyprotein
A: Genome polyprotein
B: Genome polyprotein
C: Genome polyprotein
D: Genome polyprotein
E: Genome polyprotein
F: Genome polyprotein
G: Genome polyprotein
H: Genome polyprotein
I: Genome polyprotein
J: Genome polyprotein
K: Genome polyprotein
L: Genome polyprotein


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)325,16715
Polymers325,16715
Non-polymers00
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by software
  • Evidence: microscopy
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551
Buried area74930 Å2
ΔGint-457 kcal/mol
Surface area125300 Å2
MethodPISA

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Components

#1: Protein
Genome polyprotein


Mass: 20097.980 Da / Num. of mol.: 5
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Foot-and-mouth disease virus (strain A10-61)
Cell line (production host): BHK21 / Production host: Cricetinae gen. sp. (mammal)
References: UniProt: P03306, L-peptidase, nucleoside-triphosphate phosphatase, picornain 3C, RNA-directed RNA polymerase
#2: Protein
Genome polyprotein


Mass: 20701.512 Da / Num. of mol.: 5
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Foot-and-mouth disease virus (strain A10-61)
Production host: Cricetinae gen. sp. (mammal)
References: UniProt: P03306, L-peptidase, nucleoside-triphosphate phosphatase, picornain 3C, RNA-directed RNA polymerase
#3: Protein
Genome polyprotein


Mass: 24233.992 Da / Num. of mol.: 5
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Foot-and-mouth disease virus (strain A10-61)
Production host: Cricetinae gen. sp. (mammal)
References: UniProt: P03306, L-peptidase, nucleoside-triphosphate phosphatase, picornain 3C, RNA-directed RNA polymerase

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: FMDV A10 dissociated pentamer / Type: VIRUS / Entity ID: all / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightValue: 455 kDa/nm / Experimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Foot-and-mouth disease virus (strain A10-61)
Source (recombinant)Organism: Cricetinae gen. sp. (mammal)
Details of virusEmpty: NO / Enveloped: NO / Isolate: SEROTYPE / Type: VIRION
Natural hostOrganism: Bos taurus
Virus shellName: Foot and Disease Virus A1061 / Diameter: 30 nm / Triangulation number (T number): 3
Buffer solutionpH: 8 / Details: 50mM Hepes, 200mM NaCl
SpecimenConc.: 2.5 mg/ml / Embedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Specimen supportGrid material: COPPER / Grid mesh size: 200 divisions/in. / Grid type: C-Flats R2/1
VitrificationInstrument: FEI VITROBOT MARK IV / Cryogen name: ETHANE / Humidity: 90 % / Chamber temperature: 298 K

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Tecnai Polara / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI POLARA 300
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy / Nominal magnification: 160000 X / Calibrated magnification: 37037 X / Nominal defocus max: 5000 nm / Nominal defocus min: 1200 nm / Cs: 2.7 mm / C2 aperture diameter: 50 µm / Alignment procedure: BASIC
Specimen holderCryogen: NITROGEN
Specimen holder model: GATAN 910 MULTI-SPECIMEN SINGLE TILT CRYO TRANSFER HOLDER
Temperature (max): 70 K / Temperature (min): 70 K
Image recordingAverage exposure time: 5 sec. / Electron dose: 20 e/Å2 / Detector mode: COUNTING / Film or detector model: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k) / Num. of grids imaged: 1 / Num. of real images: 1570
EM imaging opticsEnergyfilter name: GIF / Energyfilter upper: 20 eV / Energyfilter lower: 0 eV
Image scansSampling size: 5 µm / Width: 3838 / Height: 3710 / Movie frames/image: 25 / Used frames/image: 2-20

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Processing

EM software
IDNameVersionCategory
1EMAN2.1particle selection
2SerialEMimage acquisition
4CTFFIND4CTF correction
7UCSF Chimeramodel fitting
9RELION1.3initial Euler assignment
10RELION1.3final Euler assignment
11RELION1.3classification
12RELION1.33D reconstruction
13PHENIXmodel refinement
CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
SymmetryPoint symmetry: C5 (5 fold cyclic)
3D reconstructionResolution: 8.2 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 4260 / Algorithm: BACK PROJECTION / Num. of class averages: 1 / Symmetry type: POINT
Atomic model buildingB value: 200 / Protocol: RIGID BODY FIT / Space: REAL / Target criteria: Cross-correlation coefficient

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