|Entry||Database: EMDB / ID: EMD-8990|
|Title||CasX-gRNA-DNA (45T-20NT) State II|
|Sample||CasX-gRNA-DNA (45T-20NT) State II|
|Biological species||Deltaproteobacteria (bacteria)|
|Method||single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 4.4 Å|
|Authors||Liu JJ / Orlova N|
|Citation||Journal: Nature / Year: 2019|
Title: CasX enzymes comprise a distinct family of RNA-guided genome editors.
Authors: Jun-Jie Liu / Natalia Orlova / Benjamin L Oakes / Enbo Ma / Hannah B Spinner / Katherine L M Baney / Jonathan Chuck / Dan Tan / Gavin J Knott / Lucas B Harrington / Basem Al-Shayeb / ...Authors: Jun-Jie Liu / Natalia Orlova / Benjamin L Oakes / Enbo Ma / Hannah B Spinner / Katherine L M Baney / Jonathan Chuck / Dan Tan / Gavin J Knott / Lucas B Harrington / Basem Al-Shayeb / Alexander Wagner / Julian Brötzmann / Brett T Staahl / Kian L Taylor / John Desmarais / Eva Nogales / Jennifer A Doudna /
Abstract: The RNA-guided CRISPR-associated (Cas) proteins Cas9 and Cas12a provide adaptive immunity against invading nucleic acids, and function as powerful tools for genome editing in a wide range of ...The RNA-guided CRISPR-associated (Cas) proteins Cas9 and Cas12a provide adaptive immunity against invading nucleic acids, and function as powerful tools for genome editing in a wide range of organisms. Here we reveal the underlying mechanisms of a third, fundamentally distinct RNA-guided genome-editing platform named CRISPR-CasX, which uses unique structures for programmable double-stranded DNA binding and cleavage. Biochemical and in vivo data demonstrate that CasX is active for Escherichia coli and human genome modification. Eight cryo-electron microscopy structures of CasX in different states of assembly with its guide RNA and double-stranded DNA substrates reveal an extensive RNA scaffold and a domain required for DNA unwinding. These data demonstrate how CasX activity arose through convergent evolution to establish an enzyme family that is functionally separate from both Cas9 and Cas12a.
|Structure viewer||EM map: |
Downloads & links
|File||Download / File: emd_8990.map.gz / Format: CCP4 / Size: 64 MB / Type: IMAGE STORED AS FLOATING POINT NUMBER (4 BYTES)|
|Projections & slices|
Images are generated by Spider.
|Voxel size||X=Y=Z: 0.9 Å|
|Symmetry||Space group: 1|
CCP4 map header:
-Entire CasX-gRNA-DNA (45T-20NT) State II
|Entire||Name: CasX-gRNA-DNA (45T-20NT) State II / Number of Components: 1|
-Component #1: protein, CasX-gRNA-DNA (45T-20NT) State II
|Protein||Name: CasX-gRNA-DNA (45T-20NT) State II / Recombinant expression: No|
|Source||Species: Deltaproteobacteria (bacteria)|
|Source (engineered)||Expression System: Escherichia coli (E. coli)|
|Specimen||Specimen State: Particle / Method: cryo EM|
|Sample solution||pH: 7.5|
|Vitrification||Cryogen Name: ETHANE|
-Electron microscopy imaging
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
|Imaging||Microscope: FEI TITAN KRIOS|
|Electron gun||Electron Source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating Voltage: 300 kV / Electron Dose: 46 e/Å2 / Illumination Mode: SPOT SCAN|
|Lens||Imaging Mode: BRIGHT FIELD|
|Specimen Holder||Model: OTHER|
|Camera||Detector: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k)|
|Processing||Method: single particle reconstruction / Number of Projections: 120190|
|3D reconstruction||Resolution: 4.4 Å / Resolution Method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF|
-Aug 12, 2020. Covid-19 info
New page: Covid-19 featured information page in EM Navigator.
Related info.:Covid-19 info / Mar 5, 2020. Novel coronavirus structure data
-Mar 5, 2020. Novel coronavirus structure data
Novel coronavirus structure data
- International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) defined the short name of the 2019 coronavirus as "SARS-CoV-2".
- The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2 - nature microbiology
- In the structure databanks used in Yorodumi, some data are registered as the other names, "COVID-19 virus" and "2019-nCoV". Here are the details of the virus and the list of structure data.
Related info.:Yorodumi Speices / Aug 12, 2020. Covid-19 info
+Jan 31, 2019. EMDB accession codes are about to change! (news from PDBe EMDB page)
EMDB accession codes are about to change! (news from PDBe EMDB page)
- The allocation of 4 digits for EMDB accession codes will soon come to an end. Whilst these codes will remain in use, new EMDB accession codes will include an additional digit and will expand incrementally as the available range of codes is exhausted. The current 4-digit format prefixed with “EMD-” (i.e. EMD-XXXX) will advance to a 5-digit format (i.e. EMD-XXXXX), and so on. It is currently estimated that the 4-digit codes will be depleted around Spring 2019, at which point the 5-digit format will come into force.
- The EM Navigator/Yorodumi systems omit the EMD- prefix.
Related info.:Q: What is EMD? / ID/Accession-code notation in Yorodumi/EM Navigator
+Jul 12, 2017. Major update of PDB
Major update of PDB
- wwPDB released updated PDB data conforming to the new PDBx/mmCIF dictionary.
- This is a major update changing the version number from 4 to 5, and with Remediation, in which all the entries are updated.
- In this update, many items about electron microscopy experimental information are reorganized (e.g. em_software).
- Now, EM Navigator and Yorodumi are based on the updated data.
+Jun 16, 2017. Omokage search with filter
Omokage search with filter
Result of Omokage search can be filtered by keywords and the database types
Related info.:Omokage search
Thousand views of thousand structures
- Yorodumi is a browser for structure data from EMDB, PDB, SASBDB, etc.
- This page is also the successor to EM Navigator detail page, and also detail information page/front-end page for Omokage search.
- The word "yorodu" (or yorozu) is an old Japanese word meaning "ten thousand". "mi" (miru) is to see.
Related info.:EMDB / PDB / SASBDB / Comparison of 3 databanks / Yorodumi Search / Aug 31, 2016. New EM Navigator & Yorodumi / Yorodumi Papers / Jmol/JSmol / Function and homology information / Changes in new EM Navigator and Yorodumi