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- EMDB-1032: A new look at the microtubule binding patterns of dimeric kinesins. -

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Basic information

Database: EMDB / ID: 1032
TitleA new look at the microtubule binding patterns of dimeric kinesins.
Map datarat kinesin dimer, modified at position 339 (A-C) which allowed to crosslink the dimer at the beginning of the neck helix
Samplerat kinesin dimer:
rat kinesin / tubulin
SourceRattus norvegicus (Norway rat)
Methodhelical reconstruction / cryo EM / negative staining / 25 Å resolution
AuthorsHoenger A
CitationJournal: J. Mol. Biol. / Year: 2000
Title: A new look at the microtubule binding patterns of dimeric kinesins.
Authors: A Hoenger / M Thormählen / R Diaz-Avalos / M Doerhoefer / K N Goldie / J Müller / E Mandelkow
Abstract: The interactions of monomeric and dimeric kinesin and ncd constructs with microtubules have been investigated using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and several biochemical methods. There is a good ...The interactions of monomeric and dimeric kinesin and ncd constructs with microtubules have been investigated using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and several biochemical methods. There is a good consensus on the structure of dimeric ncd when bound to a tubulin dimer showing one head attached directly to tubulin, and the second head tethered to the first. However, the 3D maps of dimeric kinesin motor domains are still quite controversial and leave room for different interpretations. Here we reinvestigated the microtubule binding patterns of dimeric kinesins by cryo-EM and digital 3D reconstruction under different nucleotide conditions and different motor:tubulin ratios, and determined the molecular mass of motor-tubulin complexes by STEM. Both methods revealed complementary results. We found that the ratio of bound kinesin motor-heads to alphabeta-tubulin dimers was never reaching above 1.5 irrespective of the initial mixing ratios. It appears that each kinesin dimer occupies two microtubule-binding sites, provided that there is a free one nearby. Thus the appearances of different image reconstructions can be explained by non-specific excess binding of motor heads. Consequently, the use of different apparent density distributions for docking the X-ray structures onto the microtubule surface leads to different and mutually exclusive models. We propose that in conditions of stoichiometric binding the two heads of a kinesin dimer separate and bind to different tubulin subunits. This is in contrast to ncd where the two heads remain tightly attached on the microtubule surface. Using dimeric kinesin molecules crosslinked in their neck domain we also found that they stabilize protofilaments axially, but not laterally, which is a strong indication that the two heads of the dimers bind along one protofilament, rather than laterally bridging two protofilaments. A molecular walking model based on these results summarizes our conclusions and illustrates the implications of symmetry for such models.
DateDeposition: Feb 27, 2003 / Header (metadata) release: Feb 27, 2003 / Map release: Feb 27, 2003 / Last update: Apr 13, 2016

Structure visualization

  • Surface view with section colored by density value
  • Surface level: 54.470584561
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
  • Download
  • Surface view colored by cylindrical radius
  • Surface level: 54.470584561
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
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Movie viewer
Structure viewerEM map:
Supplemental images

Downloads & links


Fileemd_1032.map.gz (map file in CCP4 format, 3908 KB)
Projections & slices

Image control

AxesZ (Sec.)Y (Row.)X (Col.)
100 pix
5.68 Å/pix.
= 567.6 Å
100 pix
5.68 Å/pix.
= 567.6 Å
100 pix
5.68 Å/pix.
= 567.6 Å



Slices (1/3)

Slices (1/2)

Slices (2/3)

Images are generated by Spider.

Voxel sizeX=Y=Z: 5.676 Å
Contour Level:60.6, 54.4705846 (movie #1):
Minimum - Maximum0 - 100
Average (Standard dev.)39.9767 (8.8628)


Space Group Number1
Map Geometry
Axis orderXYZ
CellA=B=C: 567.6 Å
α=β=γ: 90 deg.

CCP4 map header:

modeImage stored as Reals
Å/pix. X/Y/Z5.6765.6765.676
M x/y/z100100100
origin x/y/z0.0000.0000.000
length x/y/z567.600567.600567.600
start NX/NY/NZ
MAP C/R/S123
start NC/NR/NS000
D min/max/mean0.000100.00039.977

Supplemental data

Sample components

Entire rat kinesin dimer

EntireName: rat kinesin dimer / Oligomeric State: dimer / Number of components: 2

Component #1: protein, rat kinesin

ProteinName: rat kinesin / a.k.a: molecular motor / Oligomeric Details: dimer / Number of Copies: 1 / Recombinant expression: Yes
SourceSpecies: Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)

Component #2: protein, tubulin

ProteinName: tubulin / a.k.a: microtubulesMicrotubule / Oligomeric Details: hetero dimer / Recombinant expression: No / Number of Copies: 1
SourceSpecies: Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)
Source (natural)Location in cell: cytoplasm / Cell: neuronal cells / Organ or tissue: brain

Experimental details

Sample preparation

SpecimenSpecimen state: filament / Method: negative staining, cryo EM
Helical parametersAxial symmetry: C1 (asymmetric) / Hand: LEFT HANDED
Sample solutionSpecimen conc.: 0.5 mg/ml
Buffer solution: Pipes 20mM, 50 mM NaCl, 5mM mgcl,1mM Mg-ATP, 20microl taxol.
pH: 6.9
Support filmholey grids
VitrificationInstrument: HOMEMADE PLUNGER / Cryogen name: ETHANE / Temperature: 93 K / Details: Vitrification instrument: self made

Electron microscopy imaging

ImagingMicroscope: FEI/PHILIPS CM120T
Electron gunElectron source: LAB6 / Accelerating voltage: 100 kV / Electron dose: 5 e/Å2 / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
LensMagnification: 37000 X (nominal) / Imaging mode: BRIGHT FIELD / Defocus: 1500 - 2000 nm
Specimen HolderHolder: side-entry / Model: GATAN LIQUID NITROGEN
CameraDetector: KODAK SO-163 FILM

Image acquisition

Image acquisitionNumber of digital images: 14 / Scanner: ZEISS SCAI / Sampling size: 21 microns / Bit depth: 16

Image processing

ProcessingMethod: helical reconstruction
3D reconstructionAlgorithm: helical / Software: Phoelix, Suprim / Resolution: 25 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.5
Details: Final maps from 28 averaged datasets = 14 helical tubes

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