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- PDB-7y6i: Cryo-EM structure of human sodium-chloride cotransporter -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 7y6i
TitleCryo-EM structure of human sodium-chloride cotransporter
ComponentsSolute carrier family 12 member 3
KeywordsMEMBRANE PROTEIN / transporter / cation-chloride cotransporter
Function / homology
Function and homology information


Defective SLC12A3 causes Gitelman syndrome (GS) / sodium:chloride symporter activity / sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity / sodium:potassium:chloride symporter activity / cellular response to inorganic substance / sodium ion homeostasis / Cation-coupled Chloride cotransporters / potassium:chloride symporter activity / chloride ion homeostasis / cell volume homeostasis ...Defective SLC12A3 causes Gitelman syndrome (GS) / sodium:chloride symporter activity / sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity / sodium:potassium:chloride symporter activity / cellular response to inorganic substance / sodium ion homeostasis / Cation-coupled Chloride cotransporters / potassium:chloride symporter activity / chloride ion homeostasis / cell volume homeostasis / potassium ion homeostasis / response to aldosterone / sodium ion transport / potassium ion import across plasma membrane / response to dietary excess / sodium ion transmembrane transport / chloride transmembrane transport / monoatomic ion transport / apical plasma membrane / protein phosphorylation / signal transduction / extracellular exosome / membrane / plasma membrane / cytosol
Similarity search - Function
Thiazide-sensitive Na-K-Cl co-transporter / Amino acid permease, N-terminal / Amino acid permease N-terminal / SLC12A transporter family / SLC12A transporter, C-terminal / Solute carrier family 12 / Amino acid permease/ SLC12A domain / Amino acid permease
Similarity search - Domain/homology
1-O-OCTADECYL-SN-GLYCERO-3-PHOSPHOCHOLINE / Chem-POV / CHOLESTEROL HEMISUCCINATE / Solute carrier family 12 member 3
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 2.85 Å
AuthorsNan, J. / Yang, X. / Shan, Z. / Yuan, Y. / Zhang, Y.Q.
Funding support China, 1items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) China
CitationJournal: Sci Adv / Year: 2022
Title: Cryo-EM structure of the human sodium-chloride cotransporter NCC.
Authors: Jing Nan / Yafei Yuan / Xuemei Yang / Ziyang Shan / Huihui Liu / Feiwen Wei / Wei Zhang / Yanqing Zhang /
Abstract: The sodium-chloride cotransporter NCC mediates the coupled import of sodium and chloride across the plasma membrane, playing vital roles in kidney extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure ...The sodium-chloride cotransporter NCC mediates the coupled import of sodium and chloride across the plasma membrane, playing vital roles in kidney extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure control. Here, we present the full-length structure of human NCC, with 2.9 Å for the transmembrane domain and 3.8 Å for the carboxyl-terminal domain. NCC adopts an inward-open conformation and a domain-swap dimeric assembly. Conserved ion binding sites among the cation-chloride cotransporters and the Na2 site are observed in our structure. A unique His residue in the substrate pocket in NCC potentially interacts with Na1 and Cl1 and might also mediate the coordination of Na2 through a Ser residue. Putative observed water molecules are indicated to participate in the coordination of ions and TM coupling. Together with transport activity assays, our structure provides the first glimpse of NCC and defines ion binding sites, promoting drug development for hypertension targeting on NCC.
History
DepositionJun 20, 2022Deposition site: PDBJ / Processing site: PDBJ
Revision 1.0Nov 23, 2022Provider: repository / Type: Initial release

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Structure visualization

Structure viewerMolecule:
MolmilJmol/JSmol

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Solute carrier family 12 member 3
B: Solute carrier family 12 member 3
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)249,21537
Polymers233,8432
Non-polymers15,37235
Water1086
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
  • Evidence: electron microscopy
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551

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Components

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Protein , 1 types, 2 molecules AB

#1: Protein Solute carrier family 12 member 3 / Na-Cl cotransporter / cation-chloride cotransporter


Mass: 116921.461 Da / Num. of mol.: 2 / Mutation: Q95deletion, A264G
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Homo sapiens (human) / Cell line (production host): HEK293 / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P55017

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Sugars , 2 types, 4 molecules

#2: Polysaccharide 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 424.401 Da / Num. of mol.: 2
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
DescriptorTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-ROHGlycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/1,2,1/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O]/1-1/a4-b1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[][D-1-deoxy-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#8: Sugar ChemComp-NAG / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose / N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE / N-Acetylglucosamine


Type: D-saccharide, beta linking / Mass: 221.208 Da / Num. of mol.: 2 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C8H15NO6
IdentifierTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcbCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
N-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranosamineCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
b-D-GlcpNAcIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
GlcNAcSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0

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Non-polymers , 6 types, 37 molecules

#3: Chemical
ChemComp-CL / CHLORIDE ION / Chloride


Mass: 35.453 Da / Num. of mol.: 4 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: Cl / Feature type: SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION
#4: Chemical
ChemComp-NA / SODIUM ION


Mass: 22.990 Da / Num. of mol.: 4 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: Na / Feature type: SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION
#5: Chemical
ChemComp-Y01 / CHOLESTEROL HEMISUCCINATE


Mass: 486.726 Da / Num. of mol.: 6 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C31H50O4
#6: Chemical
ChemComp-LPE / 1-O-OCTADECYL-SN-GLYCERO-3-PHOSPHOCHOLINE / LPC-ETHER


Mass: 510.708 Da / Num. of mol.: 8 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C26H57NO6P
#7: Chemical
ChemComp-POV / (2S)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)-2-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate / POPC / POPC


Mass: 760.076 Da / Num. of mol.: 9 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C42H82NO8P / Comment: phospholipid*YM
#9: Water ChemComp-HOH / water / Water


Mass: 18.015 Da / Num. of mol.: 6 / Source method: isolated from a natural source / Formula: H2O

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Details

Has ligand of interestY

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: Sodium-chloride cotransporter / Type: COMPLEX / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Molecular weightExperimental value: NO
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human) / Cell: HEK293
Buffer solutionpH: 8
SpecimenConc.: 9 mg/ml / Embedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
Specimen supportGrid material: GOLD / Grid mesh size: 300 divisions/in. / Grid type: Quantifoil R1.2/1.3
VitrificationInstrument: FEI VITROBOT MARK IV / Cryogen name: ETHANE / Humidity: 100 % / Chamber temperature: 281 K

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: FLOOD BEAM
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy / Nominal magnification: 81000 X / Nominal defocus max: 2300 nm / Nominal defocus min: 1500 nm / Cs: 2.7 mm
Specimen holderCryogen: NITROGEN / Specimen holder model: FEI TITAN KRIOS AUTOGRID HOLDER
Image recordingElectron dose: 52.8 e/Å2 / Detector mode: SUPER-RESOLUTION / Film or detector model: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k)
EM imaging opticsEnergyfilter name: GIF Quantum ER / Energyfilter slit width: 20 eV

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Processing

EM software
IDNameCategory
2SerialEMimage acquisition
13cryoSPARC3D reconstruction
CTF correctionType: NONE
SymmetryPoint symmetry: C2 (2 fold cyclic)
3D reconstructionResolution: 2.85 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 382235 / Symmetry type: POINT

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