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- EMDB-23409: Structure of ATP-free human ABCA4 -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: EMDB / ID: EMD-23409
TitleStructure of ATP-free human ABCA4
Map dataStructure of ATP-free human ABCA4
Sample
  • Organelle or cellular component: ABCA4
    • Protein or peptide: Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
  • Ligand: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
  • Ligand: CHOLESTEROL
  • Ligand: (2S)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)-2-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate
  • Ligand: Digitonin
Function / homology
Function and homology information


rod photoreceptor disc membrane / flippase activity / N-retinylidene-phosphatidylethanolamine flippase activity / all-trans retinal binding / phospholipid transfer to membrane / phospholipid transporter activity / retinol transmembrane transporter activity / retinal metabolic process / 11-cis retinal binding / ATPase-coupled intramembrane lipid transporter activity ...rod photoreceptor disc membrane / flippase activity / N-retinylidene-phosphatidylethanolamine flippase activity / all-trans retinal binding / phospholipid transfer to membrane / phospholipid transporter activity / retinol transmembrane transporter activity / retinal metabolic process / 11-cis retinal binding / ATPase-coupled intramembrane lipid transporter activity / phototransduction, visible light / phosphatidylethanolamine flippase activity / lipid transporter activity / P-type phospholipid transporter / retinoid binding / photoreceptor cell maintenance / phospholipid translocation / retinoid metabolic process / lipid transport / Retinoid cycle disease events / The canonical retinoid cycle in rods (twilight vision) / ATPase-coupled transmembrane transporter activity / ABC-type transporter activity / photoreceptor outer segment / photoreceptor disc membrane / visual perception / ABC-family proteins mediated transport / transmembrane transport / cytoplasmic vesicle / GTPase activity / intracellular membrane-bounded organelle / ATP hydrolysis activity / endoplasmic reticulum / plasma membrane => GO:0005886 / membrane / ATP binding
Similarity search - Function
Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter / ABC transporter A / ABC transporter-like, conserved site / ABC transporters family signature. / ABC transporter / ABC transporter-like, ATP-binding domain / ATP-binding cassette, ABC transporter-type domain profile. / ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities / AAA+ ATPase domain / P-loop containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Similarity search - Component
Biological speciesHomo sapiens (human)
Methodsingle particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.27 Å
AuthorsLiu F / Lee J / Chen J
Funding support United States, 1 items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) United States
CitationJournal: Elife / Year: 2021
Title: Molecular structures of the eukaryotic retinal importer ABCA4.
Authors: Fangyu Liu / James Lee / Jue Chen /
Abstract: The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family contains thousands of members with diverse functions. Movement of the substrate, powered by ATP hydrolysis, can be outward (export) or inward (import) ...The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family contains thousands of members with diverse functions. Movement of the substrate, powered by ATP hydrolysis, can be outward (export) or inward (import). ABCA4 is a eukaryotic importer transporting retinal to the cytosol to enter the visual cycle. It also removes toxic retinoids from the disc lumen. Mutations in ABCA4 cause impaired vision or blindness. Despite decades of clinical, biochemical, and animal model studies, the molecular mechanism of ABCA4 is unknown. Here, we report the structures of human ABCA4 in two conformations. In the absence of ATP, ABCA4 adopts an outward-facing conformation, poised to recruit substrate. The presence of ATP induces large conformational changes that could lead to substrate release. These structures provide a molecular basis to understand many disease-causing mutations and a rational guide for new experiments to uncover how ABCA4 recruits, flips, and releases retinoids.
History
DepositionFeb 2, 2021-
Header (metadata) releaseMar 3, 2021-
Map releaseMar 3, 2021-
UpdateAug 25, 2021-
Current statusAug 25, 2021Processing site: RCSB / Status: Released

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Structure visualization

Movie
  • Surface view with section colored by density value
  • Surface level: 0.461
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
  • Download
  • Surface view colored by cylindrical radius
  • Surface level: 0.461
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
  • Download
  • Surface view with fitted model
  • Atomic models: PDB-7lkp
  • Surface level: 0.461
  • Imaged by UCSF Chimera
  • Download
Movie viewer
Structure viewerEM map:
SurfViewMolmilJmol/JSmol
Supplemental images

Downloads & links

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Map

FileDownload / File: emd_23409.map.gz / Format: CCP4 / Size: 166.4 MB / Type: IMAGE STORED AS FLOATING POINT NUMBER (4 BYTES)
AnnotationStructure of ATP-free human ABCA4
Projections & slices

Image control

Size
Brightness
Contrast
Others
AxesZ (Sec.)Y (Row.)X (Col.)
1.03 Å/pix.
x 352 pix.
= 362.56 Å
1.03 Å/pix.
x 352 pix.
= 362.56 Å
1.03 Å/pix.
x 352 pix.
= 362.56 Å

Surface

Projections

Slices (1/3)

Slices (1/2)

Slices (2/3)

Images are generated by Spider.

Voxel sizeX=Y=Z: 1.03 Å
Density
Contour LevelBy AUTHOR: 0.461 / Movie #1: 0.461
Minimum - Maximum-2.3174593 - 3.7374628
Average (Standard dev.)-0.0006311817 (±0.062145583)
SymmetrySpace group: 1
Details

EMDB XML:

Map geometry
Axis orderXYZ
Origin000
Dimensions352352352
Spacing352352352
CellA=B=C: 362.56 Å
α=β=γ: 90.0 °

CCP4 map header:

modeImage stored as Reals
Å/pix. X/Y/Z1.031.031.03
M x/y/z352352352
origin x/y/z0.0000.0000.000
length x/y/z362.560362.560362.560
α/β/γ90.00090.00090.000
start NX/NY/NZ645365
NX/NY/NZ139143124
MAP C/R/S123
start NC/NR/NS000
NC/NR/NS352352352
D min/max/mean-2.3173.737-0.001

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Supplemental data

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Sample components

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Entire : ABCA4

EntireName: ABCA4
Components
  • Organelle or cellular component: ABCA4
    • Protein or peptide: Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
  • Ligand: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
  • Ligand: CHOLESTEROL
  • Ligand: (2S)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)-2-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate
  • Ligand: Digitonin

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Supramolecule #1: ABCA4

SupramoleculeName: ABCA4 / type: organelle_or_cellular_component / ID: 1 / Parent: 0 / Macromolecule list: #1
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Recombinant expressionOrganism: Homo sapiens (human)

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Macromolecule #1: Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4

MacromoleculeName: Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
type: protein_or_peptide / ID: 1 / Number of copies: 1 / Enantiomer: LEVO / EC number: P-type phospholipid transporter
Source (natural)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Molecular weightTheoretical: 256.202531 KDa
Recombinant expressionOrganism: Homo sapiens (human)
SequenceString: MGFVRQIQLL LWKNWTLRKR QKIRFVVELV WPLSLFLVLI WLRNANPLYS HHECHFPNKA MPSAGMLPWL QGIFCNVNNP CFQSPTPGE SPGIVSNYNN SILARVYRDF QELLMNAPES QHLGRIWTEL HILSQFMDTL RTHPERIAGR GIRIRDILKD E ETLTLFLI ...String:
MGFVRQIQLL LWKNWTLRKR QKIRFVVELV WPLSLFLVLI WLRNANPLYS HHECHFPNKA MPSAGMLPWL QGIFCNVNNP CFQSPTPGE SPGIVSNYNN SILARVYRDF QELLMNAPES QHLGRIWTEL HILSQFMDTL RTHPERIAGR GIRIRDILKD E ETLTLFLI KNIGLSDSVV YLLINSQVRP EQFAHGVPDL ALKDIACSEA LLERFIIFSQ RRGAKTVRYA LCSLSQGTLQ WI EDTLYAN VDFFKLFRVL PTLLDSRSQG INLRSWGGIL SDMSPRIQEF IHRPSMQDLL WVTRPLMQNG GPETFTKLMG ILS DLLCGY PEGGGSRVLS FNWYEDNNYK AFLGIDSTRK DPIYSYDRRT TSFCNALIQS LESNPLTKIA WRAAKPLLMG KILY TPDSP AARRILKNAN STFEELEHVR KLVKAWEEVG PQIWYFFDNS TQMNMIRDTL GNPTVKDFLN RQLGEEGITA EAILN FLYK GPRESQADDM ANFDWRDIFN ITDRTLRLVN QYLECLVLDK FESYNDETQL TQRALSLLEE NMFWAGVVFP DMYPWT SSL PPHVKYKIRM DIDVVEKTNK IKDRYWDSGP RADPVEDFRY IWGGFAYLQD MVEQGITRSQ VQAEAPVGIY LQQMPYP CF VDDSFMIILN RCFPIFMVLA WIYSVSMTVK SIVLEKELRL KETLKNQGVS NAVIWCTWFL DSFSIMSMSI FLLTIFIM H GRILHYSDPF ILFLFLLAFS TATIMLCFLL STFFSKASLA AACSGVIYFT LYLPHILCFA WQDRMTAELK KAVSLLSPV AFGFGTEYLV RFEEQGLGLQ WSNIGNSPTE GDEFSFLLSM QMMLLDAAVY GLLAWYLDQV FPGDYGTPLP WYFLLQESYW LGGEGCSTR EERALEKTEP LTEETEDPEH PEGIHDSFFE REHPGWVPGV CVKNLVKIFE PCGRPAVDRL NITFYENQIT A FLGHNGAG KTTTLSILTG LLPPTSGTVL VGGRDIETSL DAVRQSLGMC PQHNILFHHL TVAEHMLFYA QLKGKSQEEA QL EMEAMLE DTGLHHKRNE EAQDLSGGMQ RKLSVAIAFV GDAKVVILDE PTSGVDPYSR RSIWDLLLKY RSGRTIIMST HHM DEADLL GDRIAIIAQG RLYCSGTPLF LKNCFGTGLY LTLVRKMKNI QSQRKGSEGT CSCSSKGFST TCPAHVDDLT PEQV LDGDV NELMDVVLHH VPEAKLVECI GQELIFLLPN KNFKHRAYAS LFRELEETLA DLGLSSFGIS DTPLEEIFLK VTEDS DSGP LFAGGAQQKR ENVNPRHPCL GPREKAGQTP QDSNVCSPGA PAAHPEGQPP PEPECPGPQL NTGTQLVLQH VQALLV KRF QHTIRSHKDF LAQIVLPATF VFLALMLSIV IPPFGEYPAL TLHPWIYGQQ YTFFSMDEPG SEQFTVLADV LLNKPGF GN RCLKEGWLPE YPCGNSTPWK TPSVSPNITQ LFQKQKWTQV NPSPSCRCST REKLTMLPEC PEGAGGLPPP QRTQRSTE I LQDLTDRNIS DFLVKTYPAL IRSSLKSKFW VNEQRYGGIS IGGKLPVVPI TGEALVGFLS DLGRIMNVSG GPITREASK EIPDFLKHLE TEDNIKVWFN NKGWHALVSF LNVAHNAILR ASLPKDRSPE EYGITVISQP LNLTKEQLSE ITVLTTSVDA VVAICVIFS MSFVPASFVL YLIQERVNKS KHLQFISGVS PTTYWVTNFL WDIMNYSVSA GLVVGIFIGF QKKAYTSPEN L PALVALLL LYGWAVIPMM YPASFLFDVP STAYVALSCA NLFIGINSSA ITFILELFEN NRTLLRFNAV LRKLLIVFPH FC LGRGLID LALSQAVTDV YARFGEEHSA NPFHWDLIGK NLFAMVVEGV VYFLLTLLVQ RHFFLSQWIA EPTKEPIVDE DDD VAEERQ RIITGGNKTD ILRLHELTKI YPGTSSPAVD RLCVGVRPGE CFGLLGVNGA GKTTTFKMLT GDTTVTSGDA TVAG KSILT NISEVHQNMG YCPQFDAIDE LLTGREHLYL YARLRGVPAE EIEKVANWSI KSLGLTVYAD CLAGTYSGGN KRKLS TAIA LIGCPPLVLL DEPTTGMDPQ ARRMLWNVIV SIIREGRAVV LTSHSMEECE ALCTRLAIMV KGAFRCMGTI QHLKSK FGD GYIVTMKIKS PKDDLLPDLN PVEQFFQGNF PGSVQRERHY NMLQFQVSSS SLARIFQLLL SHKDSLLIEE YSVTQTT LD QVFVNFAKQQ TESHDLPLHP RAAGASRQAQ D

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Macromolecule #4: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose

MacromoleculeName: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / type: ligand / ID: 4 / Number of copies: 6 / Formula: NAG
Molecular weightTheoretical: 221.208 Da
Chemical component information

ChemComp-NAG:
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-Acetylglucosamine

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Macromolecule #5: CHOLESTEROL

MacromoleculeName: CHOLESTEROL / type: ligand / ID: 5 / Number of copies: 7 / Formula: CLR
Molecular weightTheoretical: 386.654 Da
Chemical component information

ChemComp-CLR:
CHOLESTEROL / Cholesterol

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Macromolecule #6: (2S)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)-2-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl 2-(tri...

MacromoleculeName: (2S)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)-2-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate
type: ligand / ID: 6 / Number of copies: 7 / Formula: POV
Molecular weightTheoretical: 760.076 Da
Chemical component information

ChemComp-POV:
(2S)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)-2-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate / phospholipid*YM / POPC

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Macromolecule #7: Digitonin

MacromoleculeName: Digitonin / type: ligand / ID: 7 / Number of copies: 1 / Formula: AJP
Molecular weightTheoretical: 1.229312 KDa
Chemical component information

ChemComp-AJP:
Digitonin / detergent*YM / Digitonin

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Experimental details

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Structure determination

Methodcryo EM
Processingsingle particle reconstruction
Aggregation stateparticle

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Sample preparation

Concentration5.5 mg/mL
BufferpH: 8
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy

MicroscopeFEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron beamAcceleration voltage: 300 kV / Electron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN
Electron opticsIllumination mode: FLOOD BEAM / Imaging mode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingFilm or detector model: GATAN K2 SUMMIT (4k x 4k) / Average electron dose: 1.51 e/Å2
Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company

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Image processing

Initial angle assignmentType: RANDOM ASSIGNMENT
Final angle assignmentType: ANGULAR RECONSTITUTION
Final reconstructionResolution.type: BY AUTHOR / Resolution: 3.27 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Number images used: 320102

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