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- PDB-7keb: SARS-CoV-2 D614G 1RBD up Spike Protein Trimer without the P986-P9... -

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Basic information

Entry
Database: PDB / ID: 7keb
TitleSARS-CoV-2 D614G 1RBD up Spike Protein Trimer without the P986-P987 stabilizing mutations (S-GSAS-D614G sub-classification)
ComponentsSpike glycoproteinSpike protein
KeywordsVIRAL PROTEIN / SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Trimer
Function / homology
Function and homology information


Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / viral translation / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / host cell surface receptor binding ...Maturation of spike protein / Translation of Structural Proteins / Virion Assembly and Release / suppression by virus of host tetherin activity / host cell endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane / Attachment and Entry / receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell / viral translation / endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment / host cell surface receptor binding / endocytosis involved in viral entry into host cell / endocytic vesicle membrane / fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane / viral protein processing / suppression by virus of host type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway / fusion of virus membrane with host endosome membrane / : / viral entry into host cell / viral envelope / endoplasmic reticulum lumen / host cell plasma membrane / virion membrane / integral component of membrane / identical protein binding
Similarity search - Function
Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / : / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus ...Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, SARS-CoV-2 / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, N-terminal domain, SARS-CoV-like / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit C-terminal (CTD) domain profile. / Betacoronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S1 subunit N-terminal (NTD) domain profile. / : / Coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein S2 subunit heptad repeat 1 (HR1) region profile. / Spike glycoprotein, betacoronavirus / Betacoronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, receptor binding / Spike receptor binding domain superfamily, coronavirus / Spike (S) protein S1 subunit, receptor-binding domain, betacoronavirus / Spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal domain, betacoronavirus-like / Betacoronavirus-like spike glycoprotein S1, N-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2 superfamily, coronavirus / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S2 / Coronavirus spike glycoprotein S1, C-terminal / Spike glycoprotein S2, coronavirus
Similarity search - Domain/homology
Biological speciesSevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
MethodELECTRON MICROSCOPY / single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.48 Å
AuthorsGobeil, S. / Acharya, P.
Funding support United States, 1items
OrganizationGrant numberCountry
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID) United States
Citation
Journal: Cell Rep / Year: 2021
Title: D614G Mutation Alters SARS-CoV-2 Spike Conformation and Enhances Protease Cleavage at the S1/S2 Junction.
Authors: Sophie M-C Gobeil / Katarzyna Janowska / Shana McDowell / Katayoun Mansouri / Robert Parks / Kartik Manne / Victoria Stalls / Megan F Kopp / Rory Henderson / Robert J Edwards / Barton F ...Authors: Sophie M-C Gobeil / Katarzyna Janowska / Shana McDowell / Katayoun Mansouri / Robert Parks / Kartik Manne / Victoria Stalls / Megan F Kopp / Rory Henderson / Robert J Edwards / Barton F Haynes / Priyamvada Acharya /
Abstract: The severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike (S) protein is the target of vaccine design efforts to end the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Despite a low mutation rate, ...The severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike (S) protein is the target of vaccine design efforts to end the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Despite a low mutation rate, isolates with the D614G substitution in the S protein appeared early during the pandemic and are now the dominant form worldwide. Here, we explore S conformational changes and the effects of the D614G mutation on a soluble S ectodomain construct. Cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures reveal altered receptor binding domain (RBD) disposition; antigenicity and proteolysis experiments reveal structural changes and enhanced furin cleavage efficiency of the G614 variant. Furthermore, furin cleavage alters the up/down ratio of the RBDs in the G614 S ectodomain, demonstrating an allosteric effect on RBD positioning triggered by changes in the SD2 region, which harbors residue 614 and the furin cleavage site. Our results elucidate SARS-CoV-2 S conformational landscape and allostery and have implications for vaccine design.
#1: Journal: bioRxiv / Year: 2020
Title: D614G mutation alters SARS-CoV-2 spike conformational dynamics and protease cleavage susceptibility at the S1/S2 junction.
Authors: Sophie Gobeil / Katarzyna Janowska / Shana McDowell / Katayoun Mansouri / Robert Parks / Kartik Manne / Victoria Stalls / Megan Kopp / Rory Henderson / Robert J Edwards / Barton F Haynes / Priyamvada Acharya
Abstract: The SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein is the target of vaccine design efforts to end the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite a low mutation rate, isolates with the D614G substitution in the S protein appeared ...The SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein is the target of vaccine design efforts to end the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite a low mutation rate, isolates with the D614G substitution in the S protein appeared early during the pandemic, and are now the dominant form worldwide. Here, we analyze the D614G mutation in the context of a soluble S ectodomain construct. Cryo-EM structures, antigenicity and proteolysis experiments suggest altered conformational dynamics resulting in enhanced furin cleavage efficiency of the G614 variant. Furthermore, furin cleavage alters the conformational dynamics of the Receptor Binding Domains (RBD) in the G614 S ectodomain, demonstrating an allosteric effect on the RBD dynamics triggered by changes in the SD2 region, that harbors residue 614 and the furin cleavage site. Our results elucidate SARS-CoV-2 spike conformational dynamics and allostery, and have implications for vaccine design.
History
DepositionOct 10, 2020Deposition site: RCSB / Processing site: RCSB
Revision 1.0Nov 4, 2020Provider: repository / Type: Initial release
Revision 1.1Mar 31, 2021Group: Database references / Category: citation / citation_author

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Structure visualization

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Assembly

Deposited unit
A: Spike glycoprotein
B: Spike glycoprotein
C: Spike glycoprotein
hetero molecules


Theoretical massNumber of molelcules
Total (without water)439,96150
Polymers427,1263
Non-polymers12,83547
Water0
1


  • Idetical with deposited unit
  • defined by author
  • Evidence: gel filtration, microscopy
TypeNameSymmetry operationNumber
identity operation1_5551

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Components

#1: Protein Spike glycoprotein / Spike protein / S glycoprotein / E2 / Peplomer protein


Mass: 142375.422 Da / Num. of mol.: 3 / Mutation: D614G R682G R683S R685S
Source method: isolated from a genetically manipulated source
Source: (gene. exp.) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Gene: S, 2 / Production host: Homo sapiens (human) / References: UniProt: P0DTC2
#2: Polysaccharide
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose


Type: oligosaccharide / Mass: 424.401 Da / Num. of mol.: 12 / Source method: obtained synthetically
DescriptorTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcb1-4DGlcpNAcb1-Glycam Condensed SequenceGMML 1.0
WURCS=2.0/1,2,1/[a2122h-1b_1-5_2*NCC/3=O]/1-1/a4-b1WURCSPDB2Glycan 1.1.0
[]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{[(4+1)][b-D-GlcpNAc]{}}}LINUCSPDB-CARE
#3: Sugar...
ChemComp-NAG / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose / N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosamine / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose / 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose / N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE / N-Acetylglucosamine


Type: D-saccharide, beta linking / Mass: 221.208 Da / Num. of mol.: 35 / Source method: obtained synthetically / Formula: C8H15NO6
IdentifierTypeProgram
DGlcpNAcbCONDENSED IUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
N-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranosamineCOMMON NAMEGMML 1.0
b-D-GlcpNAcIUPAC CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLPDB-CARE 1.0
GlcNAcSNFG CARBOHYDRATE SYMBOLGMML 1.0
Has ligand of interestN

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Experimental details

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Experiment

ExperimentMethod: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
EM experimentAggregation state: PARTICLE / 3D reconstruction method: single particle reconstruction

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Sample preparation

ComponentName: Spike protein Trimer / Type: COMPLEX / Entity ID: #1 / Source: RECOMBINANT
Source (natural)Organism: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
Source (recombinant)Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Buffer solutionpH: 8
SpecimenEmbedding applied: NO / Shadowing applied: NO / Staining applied: NO / Vitrification applied: YES
VitrificationCryogen name: ETHANE

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Electron microscopy imaging

Experimental equipment
Model: Titan Krios / Image courtesy: FEI Company
MicroscopyModel: FEI TITAN KRIOS
Electron gunElectron source: FIELD EMISSION GUN / Accelerating voltage: 300 kV / Illumination mode: OTHER
Electron lensMode: BRIGHT FIELDBright-field microscopy
Image recordingElectron dose: 51.8 e/Å2 / Film or detector model: GATAN K3 (6k x 4k)

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Processing

CTF correctionType: PHASE FLIPPING AND AMPLITUDE CORRECTION
3D reconstructionResolution: 3.48 Å / Resolution method: FSC 0.143 CUT-OFF / Num. of particles: 127429 / Symmetry type: POINT
RefinementStereochemistry target values: GeoStd + Monomer Library + CDL v1.2
Displacement parametersBiso mean: 47.97 Å2
Refine LS restraints
Refine-IDTypeDev idealNumber
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_bond_d0.012822813
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_angle_d1.806931092
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_chiral_restr0.09913822
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_plane_restr0.01363929
ELECTRON MICROSCOPYf_dihedral_angle_d15.89557906

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